Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
Reported flash flood incidences since the second week of April have left hundreds of thousands of people in need of immediate humanitarian support in Afar (Awsi), Oromia (Arsi, East Shewa, East and West Hararge zones) and Somali (7 zones) regions. Areas affected by recurring floods have been advocating for enhanced flood early warning, mitigation and preparedness mechanisms...In Somali region, more than 27,000 flood-affected households (165,000 persons) need urgent food, water, health services and NFI support. Overflow of Genale and Wabi Shebelle rivers and related tributaries due to recent heavy rains in the Somali region and the highlands of Oromia has affected more than 83 kebeles in 19 woredas (districts) of Afder, Fafan, Liben, Nogob, Siti, Shebele and warder Zones. Several Kebeles are submerged and farmlands are either flooded or washed away at flowering stage. Many people’s houses/shelters and livestock have reportedly been washed away, leaving people displaced and homeless. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
According to the April 2018 DTM, thirty-five displacement incidents were reported during April alone displacing 170,760 people nationwide, the majority due to flooding in Somali region. Meanwhile, according to the latest report from the Somali Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau (RDPPB), the flooding in Somali region has affected 43,887 families/households (263,322 people), of which, 25,238 households/151,428 people were displaced. The Somali region DPPB report also indicated that the floods destroyed 12,911 hectars of farmland and damaged 76 health facilities, mostly health posts. At least 123 schools were affected, interrupting schooling. The report also states that more than 15,643 houses were destroyed, requiring emergency shelter interventions. (OCHA, 10 May 2018)
Flood incidents continued to be reported during the month of May. In Somali region alone, flooding affected more than 52,170 households (313,000 people), of whom 31,300 households are displaced. Houses were damaged and livelihoods destroyed. Damages to public infrastructures, including health posts and schools also interrupted already scant services. (OCHA, 22 May 2018)
Landslides caused by heavy rains on 26 May killed 22 people in Tullu Gola kebele of Nansebu woreda in West Arsi zone, Oromia region. At least seven injured people were hospitalized. The landslide displaced 53 people (11 households), who require immediate food, shelter and non-food item support...[L]andslides caused by heavy rains on 27 May killed at least 23 people in Sidama zone and nine people in Gamo Gofa zone of the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) region. At least 23 people were injured...More than 50,000 households were displaced due to flooding nationwide so far this year. (OCHA, 3 Jun 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 66 | 15 - 28 October 2018
- IDMC Mid-Year Figures: Internal Displacement in 2018
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- United Nations Emergency Response Fund (CERF) Annual Report 2017
• Humanitarian needs: At least 28 million people (more than half of them children) are in need of humanitarian assistance. Conflict, disease, acute food shortages, high inflation, and inadequate nutrition have left children and their families extremely vulnerable.
The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dengue Fever in Senegal
Hepatitis E in Namibia
Cholera in Zimbabwe.
- 4.6 million people in need and 954,000 children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year.
- The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
At mid-year, Ethiopia was faced with an unprecedented caseload of 2.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) affected by conflict and drought, mainly along the Oromia regional border with Somali and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR) with children constituting more than half of the displaced population. In line with these changes, UNICEF has revised its Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) for 2018 and raised the resource envelope to US$ 123.8 million.
FACTS & FIGURES
928 000 refugees from South Sudan, Somalia & Eritrea (UNOCHA, IOM, UNHCR)
2.7 million people are displaced by conflict & drought
7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance
3.85 million people with acute malnutrition
EU humanitarian funding: €91.5 million in 2017
• Approximately 141,410 people were displaced in Somali region after conflict erupted on 4 August. The conflict led to the exodus of government personnel, leaving essential services significantly understaffed. This in turn created pressing and urgent humanitarian needs for children and women in the region.
• Through UNICEF support, 134,446 people in Gedeo-West Guji received essential and life-saving health care services and 30,579 children under 5 years were treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).
5,467 mt of food assistance distributed
US$103.5 million, six months (August 2018-January 2019) net funding requirements, representing 46% of total
1.6 million people assisted in July 2018*
▪ Renewed inter communal violence in Gedeo-West Guji since 3 June has displaced 1,010,934 people.
▪ The government and humanitarian partners have launched a multisector response plan for Gedeo-West Guji with a funding requirement of US$ 117.7 million.
▪ With UNICEF’s support, 140,720 children under five have received treatment for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) between January and May 2018.
Throughout 2017, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) supported relief operations in 36 countries to ensure delivery of urgent aid to millions of people in desperate need.
CERF’s 2017 Annual Report, launched today, provides a detailed account of how, during the year, CERF and its partners ensured strategic use of almost $420 million in donor contributions to deliver the highest priority aid, where and when it was need the most.
16.3 million people in need of humanitarian services
8.2 million children in need of humanitarian services
667,948 children under-five in need of SAM treatment
14.8 million people are in need of water
At least 6.2 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May
3,590 cumulative Cholera/AWD cases resulting in 26 deaths (CFR 0.4) have been reported in 2018
▪ The current number of internally displaced people in Ethiopia has increased to 2.4 million from 1.6 million at the beginning of the year. Seasonal flooding from July to September is expected to affect 2.5 million people.
▪ With UNICEF support, more than 111,000 children under five have received treatment for severe acute malnutrition since January.
▪ UNICEF-supported Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams have provided medical consultations to 231,529 people, including 89,798 under five children.
The multi-sectoral Response Plan targets 818,250 recently displaced people. A total of $117.7m is urgently required, of which approximately $6.99m has already been mobilized by Government and partners, primarily through diverting resources that were originally intended for important response elsewhere in the country.
(Addis Ababa, 22 June 2018): The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners have released a Response Plan to address fresh internal displacement around Gedeo (SNNPR) and West Guji (Oromia) Zones. The Appeal prioritizes life-saving support for over 818,000 men, women and children displaced as a result of inter-communal violence that has escalated since early June 2018.
• Children on the move:
Natural disasters and conflict has forced 8.5 million people to flee their homes across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Conflict is the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.
• Families facing starvation:
More than 12 million children go to bed hungry across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya everyday. Children don’t have enough to eat because of various crises – drought, conflict, flooding or hyperinflation.
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners released their humanitarian funding priorities for the next six months, asking for US$280.4 million for immediate support in all sectors, prioritizing internally displaced people.
Ethiopia has increased its preparedness level to avoid the importation of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) following the outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In the evening of Saturday the 26 May 2018, the district of Gamo Goffa zone and Sidama Zone in SNNPR and Oromia Regions in Ethiopia, was affected by a landslide which caused 34 deaths (20 female and 14 male) and seriously injured 6 people. At least 21 houses were destroyed, and more than 50 livestock are reported dead. The landslide has displaced 654 persons (380male/274 female) and disrupted vital livelihoods area of 95.6 hectares of land. Affected communities and seek urgent life-saving assistance of relief food, shelter, WASH and NFIs.
2.1 million people in the Somali Region being assisted through WFP’s emergency relief assistance
US$ 146 m six months net funding requirements (May - October 2018)
3.5 million people assisted in April 2018
▪ Floods in the Somali region have affected approximately 163,500 people, with much of the affected area now inaccessible. UNICEF is scaling up its health, water, sanitation and hygiene activities to help prevent and quickly respond to disease outbreaks in affected communities.
▪ In Gedeo Zone, SNNPR, and West Guji, Oromia a conflict was re-ignited between ethnic Gedeo and Guji (Oromos) resulting in 300,000 people being displaced (unconfirmed). A joint multi-agency assessment led by Government is yet to be conducted.