Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018Ongoing
Reported flash flood incidences since the second week of April have left hundreds of thousands of people in need of immediate humanitarian support in Afar (Awsi), Oromia (Arsi, East Shewa, East and West Hararge zones) and Somali (7 zones) regions. Areas affected by recurring floods have been advocating for enhanced flood early warning, mitigation and preparedness mechanisms...In Somali region, more than 27,000 flood-affected households (165,000 persons) need urgent food, water, health services and NFI support. Overflow of Genale and Wabi Shebelle rivers and related tributaries due to recent heavy rains in the Somali region and the highlands of Oromia has affected more than 83 kebeles in 19 woredas (districts) of Afder, Fafan, Liben, Nogob, Siti, Shebele and warder Zones. Several Kebeles are submerged and farmlands are either flooded or washed away at flowering stage. Many people’s houses/shelters and livestock have reportedly been washed away, leaving people displaced and homeless. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
According to the April 2018 DTM, thirty-five displacement incidents were reported during April alone displacing 170,760 people nationwide, the majority due to flooding in Somali region. Meanwhile, according to the latest report from the Somali Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau (RDPPB), the flooding in Somali region has affected 43,887 families/households (263,322 people), of which, 25,238 households/151,428 people were displaced. The Somali region DPPB report also indicated that the floods destroyed 12,911 hectars of farmland and damaged 76 health facilities, mostly health posts. At least 123 schools were affected, interrupting schooling. The report also states that more than 15,643 houses were destroyed, requiring emergency shelter interventions. (OCHA, 10 May 2018)
Flood incidents continued to be reported during the month of May. In Somali region alone, flooding affected more than 52,170 households (313,000 people), of whom 31,300 households are displaced. Houses were damaged and livelihoods destroyed. Damages to public infrastructures, including health posts and schools also interrupted already scant services. (OCHA, 22 May 2018)
Landslides caused by heavy rains on 26 May killed 22 people in Tullu Gola kebele of Nansebu woreda in West Arsi zone, Oromia region. At least seven injured people were hospitalized. The landslide displaced 53 people (11 households), who require immediate food, shelter and non-food item support...[L]andslides caused by heavy rains on 27 May killed at least 23 people in Sidama zone and nine people in Gamo Gofa zone of the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) region. At least 23 people were injured...More than 50,000 households were displaced due to flooding nationwide so far this year. (OCHA, 3 Jun 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- IDMC Mid-Year Figures: Internal Displacement in 2018
- ACAPS Briefing Note - Ethiopia: Somali, Oromia and Tigray Displacement, 31 August 2018
- United Nations Emergency Response Fund (CERF) Annual Report 2017
- Nearly one million displaced people in urgent need of assistance
- Horn of Africa Climate Crisis, Regional Summary #13 (June/July 2018)
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
5,467 mt of food assistance distributed
US$103.5 million, six months (August 2018-January 2019) net funding requirements, representing 46% of total
1.6 million people assisted in July 2018*
Intercommunal conflict in the Somali and Oromia border regions that escalated on 4 August has led to the internal displacement of more than 141,000 people. Shelter and health assistance are among the most urgent needs for the IDPs. The areas most affected by the conflict are Jijiga in Somali region and East Hararghe area in Oromia, where fatalities among the population were reported. With the exception of a reported influx of around 2,000 displaced people into Mekelle Town of Tigray region, there is no other information regarding the impact of the August events on Tigray.
Of the 216 priority one woredas, 187 are priority one for the Agriculture sector. Without timely response in these areas, further deterio-ration is likely. Protection of core-breeding and milking livestock is vital – including supplementary animal feed, fodder production and animal health services. Such activities protect key livelihood assets and ensure milk availability for children. Providing a range of crop seeds for drought-affected households will protect livelihoods, reduce pressure on humanitarian assistance, and shorten the recovery period.
Over 900,000 people in Ethiopia have been displaced along the border between Gedeo zone (in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR)) and West Guji zone (Oromia region) due to a recent surge in intercommunal violence.
After an initial assessment of the crisis, MSF has launched an emergency response to address the most urgent needs of displaced people.
▪ Renewed inter communal violence in Gedeo-West Guji since 3 June has displaced 1,010,934 people.
▪ The government and humanitarian partners have launched a multisector response plan for Gedeo-West Guji with a funding requirement of US$ 117.7 million.
▪ With UNICEF’s support, 140,720 children under five have received treatment for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) between January and May 2018.
Addis Ababa, August 16/2018 - The National Disaster Risk Management Commission warned about a potential flash flood in some parts of the country due to torrential rains in the coming days.
In a presser he gave today, Deputy Commissioner Damene Darota said that some parts of Amhara, Oromiya, SNNP and Tigray as well as most parts of Gambella regional states are vulnerable to flash flood.
Areas close to Awash, Baro-Akobo and Nile river basins and tributaries are also exposed to flood risks, he added.
Dilla – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, has released its latest displacement reports from the crisis in Ethiopia’s Gedeo and West Guji zones, where some 958,175 people have been displaced by inter-communal conflict. In July, IOM conducted assessments of displacement sites in both zones where it found nearly 359,113 people sheltering in collective sites. The remainder of the displaced population is living with local communities, for example, in rented accommodation or with relatives, while still visiting the collective sites to access humanitarian assistance.
16.3 million people in need of humanitarian services
8.2 million children in need of humanitarian services
667,948 children under-five in need of SAM treatment
14.8 million people are in need of water
At least 6.2 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May
3,590 cumulative Cholera/AWD cases resulting in 26 deaths (CFR 0.4) have been reported in 2018
Further flooding expected across East Africa throughout 2018
The priority funding gaps presented here are intended to inform urgently required funding decisions by donors. The priorities have been reviewed and endorsed by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator a.i, Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team and the Commissioner of the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC). This latest prioritization exercise follows the exercise conducted in May 2018.
Inter-ethnic violence since September 2017, namely along the Oromia-Somali regional border, has led to 500 000 people still being displaced.
In addition, Somali region has been one of the hardest hit areas of the 2016-2017 drought and the 2018 floods. Food insecurity and climate related displaced affects 373 600 individuals.
It is reported that recent violence early August 2018 has led thousands more to flee their homes and seek refuge, notably in East Hararghe.
▪ The current number of internally displaced people in Ethiopia has increased to 2.4 million from 1.6 million at the beginning of the year. Seasonal flooding from July to September is expected to affect 2.5 million people.
▪ With UNICEF support, more than 111,000 children under five have received treatment for severe acute malnutrition since January.
▪ UNICEF-supported Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams have provided medical consultations to 231,529 people, including 89,798 under five children.
The Eastern Africa Climate Smart Agriculture Platform transforms into an Alliance for more effective delivery
26 July 2018, Addis Ababa. Eastern Africa’s farmers face an array of challenges related to climate change (e.g. drought and flood) with serious consequences for agricultural production. The FAO Subregional Office for Eastern Africa (FAOSFE) and its partners are supporting countries in the subregion to respond proactively to such challenges through supporting climate smart agriculture (CSA) activities.
Of the 216 priority one woredas, 187 are priority one for the Agriculture sector. Without timely response in these areas, further deterioration is likely. Protection of core-breeding and milking livestock is vital – including supplementary animal feed, fodder production and animal health services. Such activities protect key livelihood assets and ensure milk availability for children. Similarly, providing a range of crop seeds for drought-affected households will protect livelihoods, reduce pressure on humanitarian assistance, and shorten the recovery period.
Prolonged and severe drought in 2016-2017, followed by heavy seasonal rainfall and flooding in early 2018, has left many families facing severe food insecurity. An estimated 7.9 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).