Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018Ongoing
Reported flash flood incidences since the second week of April have left hundreds of thousands of people in need of immediate humanitarian support in Afar (Awsi), Oromia (Arsi, East Shewa, East and West Hararge zones) and Somali (7 zones) regions. Areas affected by recurring floods have been advocating for enhanced flood early warning, mitigation and preparedness mechanisms...In Somali region, more than 27,000 flood-affected households (165,000 persons) need urgent food, water, health services and NFI support. Overflow of Genale and Wabi Shebelle rivers and related tributaries due to recent heavy rains in the Somali region and the highlands of Oromia has affected more than 83 kebeles in 19 woredas (districts) of Afder, Fafan, Liben, Nogob, Siti, Shebele and warder Zones. Several Kebeles are submerged and farmlands are either flooded or washed away at flowering stage. Many people’s houses/shelters and livestock have reportedly been washed away, leaving people displaced and homeless. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
According to the April 2018 DTM, thirty-five displacement incidents were reported during April alone displacing 170,760 people nationwide, the majority due to flooding in Somali region. Meanwhile, according to the latest report from the Somali Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau (RDPPB), the flooding in Somali region has affected 43,887 families/households (263,322 people), of which, 25,238 households/151,428 people were displaced. The Somali region DPPB report also indicated that the floods destroyed 12,911 hectars of farmland and damaged 76 health facilities, mostly health posts. At least 123 schools were affected, interrupting schooling. The report also states that more than 15,643 houses were destroyed, requiring emergency shelter interventions. (OCHA, 10 May 2018)
Flood incidents continued to be reported during the month of May. In Somali region alone, flooding affected more than 52,170 households (313,000 people), of whom 31,300 households are displaced. Houses were damaged and livelihoods destroyed. Damages to public infrastructures, including health posts and schools also interrupted already scant services. (OCHA, 22 May 2018)
Landslides caused by heavy rains on 26 May killed 22 people in Tullu Gola kebele of Nansebu woreda in West Arsi zone, Oromia region. At least seven injured people were hospitalized. The landslide displaced 53 people (11 households), who require immediate food, shelter and non-food item support...[L]andslides caused by heavy rains on 27 May killed at least 23 people in Sidama zone and nine people in Gamo Gofa zone of the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) region. At least 23 people were injured...More than 50,000 households were displaced due to flooding nationwide so far this year. (OCHA, 3 Jun 2018)
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- Ethiopia: Humanitarian Dashboard (as of 15 June 2018)
• The Government and partners have taken several measures to enhance response coordination and to boost response capacity at site level. Two Emergency Operation Centres (EOCs) were established in Dilla Town and in Bule Hora Town.
• The response is currently being rapidly scaled-up with diverted resources from life-saving responses to drought, flood and conflict-displacements elsewhere in the country and new resources allocated.
Humanitarian assistance and improved seasonal performance mitigate a deterioration in food security
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia
Humanitarian crisis in in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Hepatitis E outbreak in Namibia
Cholera outbreak in Cameroon
Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Rainfall continues in the Sahel, no weather hazards reported over Africa
Rainfall continues over the Sahel
Food security improves significantly in southeastern areas, but continued assistance is needed
New Zealand has approved $5.2 million in humanitarian funding to address significant humanitarian needs in South Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia.
The ongoing conflict in South Sudan, and prolonged drought, recent heavy rains and pockets of violence in Ethiopia and Somalia, have contributed to deeply concerning humanitarian situations in all three countries.
New Zealand's support will be delivered through the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in South Sudan and Somalia, and the UN World Food Programme in Ethiopia.
Above-average rainfall received in the north, with increasing risk of early season floods
3 Million People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
13.1 Million Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
16 Million People affected by drought in the region
1 Million People affected by floods
Heavy rains and flooding have continued to compound an already fragile humanitarian situation and worsening conditions for communities who recently endured a long period of drought.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 57 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
- Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Rift Valley fever in Kenya
- Cholera in Angola
- Cholera in Tanzania
Humanitarian crisis in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Humanitarian Dashboard is a monthly product which consolidates headlines based on the evolving context, humanitarian needs, response and outstanding priorities. Cluster sections include changes in sectoral needs and progress towards current priorities, which were reviewed and endorsed by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator, Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team and the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) in May 2018.
West Guji - Gedio Conflict Displacement1 (as of mid-June 2018)
An upsurge of inter-communal violence in Ethiopia's West Guji and Gedeo regions has forced an estimated 978,000 people to flee their homes since 13 April, according to the United Nations. "This surge in violence makes Ethiopia one of the fastest growing displacement crises in the world today. Despite this, it is utterly failing to get the attention and funding it deserves," said Nigel Tricks, Regional Director of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
In the evening of Saturday the 26 May 2018, the regions of Gamo Goffa zone and Sidama Zone in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR) Region in Ethiopia were affected by a landslide caused by heavy torrential rains between May 24th -26th for three consecutive days, resulting in 34 deaths.
Through a rapid response intervention, Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus/Development and Social Service Commission (EECMY-DASSC) will provide lifesaving assistance of food, non-food items and WASH to 300 individuals affected by the landslide.
Among the total 216 priority one woredas, 187 are also categorized as priority one for the Agriculture cluster. In the priority one areas it is likely that further deterioration of the situation will happen unless timely response is made.
The multi-sectoral Response Plan targets 818,250 recently displaced people. A total of $117.7m is urgently required, of which approximately $6.99m has already been mobilized by Government and partners, primarily through diverting resources that were originally intended for important response elsewhere in the country.
(Addis Ababa, 22 June 2018): The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners have released a Response Plan to address fresh internal displacement around Gedeo (SNNPR) and West Guji (Oromia) Zones. The Appeal prioritizes life-saving support for over 818,000 men, women and children displaced as a result of inter-communal violence that has escalated since early June 2018.
Around 400,000 people have been newly displaced on both sides of the regional borders of Gedeo (SNNP region) and Guji (Oromia region) zones since 1 June (ECHO 19/06/2018). In total, some 700,000 people have been displaced since a new wave of violence between the Gedeo and Guji communities started on 13 April. Insecurity continues to prevent IDPs from returning to their areas of origin (OCHA 14/06/2018; OCHA 22/05/2018; UNICEF 10/05/2018). IDPs are staying in shelters in public buildings and spontaneous IDP sites.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
• Children on the move:
Natural disasters and conflict has forced 8.5 million people to flee their homes across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Conflict is the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.
• Families facing starvation:
More than 12 million children go to bed hungry across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya everyday. Children don’t have enough to eat because of various crises – drought, conflict, flooding or hyperinflation.
*by Sini Maria Heikkila, Humanitarian Policy Officer Tearfund and *
Denis Kongere, Regional Drought Policy and Campaigns Manager, Oxfam
• Humanitarian situation overview:
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners have released updated immediate humanitarian funding priorities.
The needs urgently require US$280.4 million to ensure a response for the next six months. Assistance needed includes delivering emergency health and nutrition services, expanding water and sanitation facilities, improving access to education, and ensuring Improvements in basic living conditions .