Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
Unlike in 2017 when the rains were poor, the above average Gu rains in April this year are already worsening conditions in overcrowded Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) settlements and displacing more people along riverine areas due to flooding...In Baidoa, half of the estimated more than 246,000 IDPs, are at the risk of flash flooding...In Galgadud region, heavy rains resulted in flash floods that destroyed IDPs shelters in settlements in low lying land in Abudwaq town...An estimated 9,300 displaced people in Danwadaag, Kulmiye and Wadajir settlements have been affected and an unknown number has moved to Cadaado town until flooding recedes...In Jubaland, an estimated 28,200 people have been displaced by flash flooding. This includes 8,000 in Saakow; 6,000 in Bu’ale; 6,000 in Luuq; 6,000 in Afmadow; 1,200 in Ceel Waaq villages and some 7,000 people in Jilib and Jamaame riverine areas who have been temporarily displaced to nearby highland areas. In Middle Shabelle, the Shabelle River burst its banks displacing people in Horseed area. Farms and IDP shelter were washed away. Some 7,000 affected people have moved to Hantiwadaag village in Jowhar. According to partners, an estimated 13,000 have been affected by flooding...In Hiraan region, thousands of people have been affected after the Shabelle River burst its banks and its inlets overflowed into parts of Belet Weyne town and several riverine villages inundating houses and crops. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
Overall, more than 427,000 people have been affected as of 26 April and of these nearly 175,000 have been displaced as a result of the flash and river flooding in Hirshabelle, South West and Jubaland states as well as Banadir region, according to data collected by humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 26 Apr 2018)
Flash and river flooding has so far affected an estimated 630,000 people. More than 214,800 of these have been displaced from their homes following the heavy rains received across the country in April, according to the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). (OCHA, 2 May 2018)
An estimated 772,500 people have been affected by the flooding and more than 229,000 are displaced, according to [PRMN]. According to the FEWS NET and FSNAU, the food security outcomes are likely to be more severe than previously projected for many families in areas affected by flooding, especially in riverine areas of Hirshabelle, Jubaland and some agropastoral areas of South West State. In these areas, several roads are now impassible and trade flows are expected to slow, driving food prices higher.Cases of AWD/Cholera are expected to rise as flood waters stagnate and remaining clean drinking water sources are compromised. (OCHA, 15 May 2018)
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any. According to SWALIM, the forecast for the coming week calls for clear weather, with the exception of coastal areas of Lower Shabelle and Lower Juba in Jubaland State. This signifies the gradual end of the 2018 Gu rainy season, which has seen above-average rainfall during April and early May. Some river breakages have not yet been closed in the mid-lower parts of the Shabelle river and therefore there remains a moderate risk of flooding. River levels along the Juba river have been gradually decreasing, which has reduced the risk of flood. ... An estimated 830,000 people have been affected, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced due to flooding. (OCHA, 7 Jun 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Somalia UNHCR Operational update 1-30 September 2018
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- IDMC Mid-Year Figures: Internal Displacement in 2018
- Horn of Africa Climate Crisis, Regional Summary #14 (August/September 2018)
- Situation Report for Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera, Epidemiological Week 40 (1st-7th Oct-2018)
Since making landfall in Somaliland last Saturday 19 May, the tropical cyclone Sagar has left an entire year’s worth of rain - between 150 and 200mm according to FAO-Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM) – in some parts of the north. One of the strongest storms ever recorded in Somalia produced wind gusts of up to 102 km/per hour, according to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System, causing fatalities, flash floods, destruction of farms, infrastructures and livestock, and displacement.
24 May 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 312 new cases of cholera, including four associated deaths for week 19 (7 to 13 May) of 2018. Among them, 169 cases were reported from the flood-affected areas in the Lower Shabelle and Lower Jubba regions. The number of newly reported cases has increased for three consecutive weeks. The cumulative total of cases is 3 280, including 21 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.6%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.
On 19 May, Tropical Cyclone Sagar made landfall in North-western Somaliland bearing winds in excess of 120 km/h and an entire year’s worth of rain (200-300mm) affecting approximately 700,000 people and widespread destruction of property, infrastructure and the loss of livestock (Government of Somaliland 21/05/201; GDACS 19/05/2015; SWALIM 18/05/2018). The cyclone led to flooding that impacted populations previously devastated by droughts and that had not yet recovered, further worsening existing food insecurity. Urgent needs include food, shelter, WASH, and health (OCHA 20/05/2018).
Protection Mainstreaming brief
Protection Mainstreaming is a shared responsibility of all humanitarian actors to avoid creating or exacerbating protection threats. This note aims to highlight specific issues and provide guidance for the response to Gu 2018 floods.
Monday 21st May 2017- A powerful tropical cyclone with winds in excess of 120 km/per hour and an entire year’s worth of rain in just a few days has left destruction and death in its wake in Somaliland, endangering the lives of thousands of children in the region.
Tropical Storm expected to cause moderate rains and winds of medium strength along the coastline areas of Bari region in Puntland
A tropical storm has developed in the northern Indian Ocean and is expected to make a land fall in Oman in 3 to 4 days. The storm poses an immediate threat to the shipping lane that links Somalia and Gulf states. Further, it may affect the coastal areas of Bari Region in Puntland in the next 24 to 48 hours.
20,000 people were affected by flooding in Djibouti, more than 10,000 people were displaced in Somaliland, and homes and fishing boats were destroyed in Puntland.
"This cyclone left a trail of destruction when it hit Puntland and Somaliland. The storm then continued to Djibouti, where it caused major flooding, not least in Djibouti city. This is the biggest storm to hit the region in years," said Nigel Tricks, Regional Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council.
Mogadishu, 20 May 18 – The humanitarian branches of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and the United Nations today launched an appeal for $80 million to provide immediate help for people affected by recent flooding in the country’s centre and south – resulting from the heaviest rainfall experienced in Somalia in more than three decades.
REGIONAL SPECIALISED METEOROLOGICAL CENTRE-TROPICAL CYCLONES, NEW DELHI TROPICAL CYCLONE ADVISORY BULLETIN
The cyclonic storm “SAGAR” over Gulf of Aden moved further west-southwestwards with a speed of 8 kmph during past 6 hours, and lay centered at 0530 hrs IST of 19 th May 2018 over Gulf of Aden near latitude 11.1 0N and longitude 44.8 0E; about 170 km south-southeast of Aden (Yemen) and 1000 km west-southwest of Socotra Islands. It is very likely to continue to move west-southwestwards and weaken gradually and cross Somalia coast near longitude 440E during afternoon of today, the 19th May 2018 as a cyclonic storm with wind speed 65-75 kmph gusting to 85 kmph.
Tropical Cyclone Sagar is churning through the Gulf of Aden and is expected to make landfall on the coast of the Horn of Africa and parts of southern Yemen on Saturday, bringing with it high winds and heavy rainfall.
Direct Relief is in the process of moving medical material aid into the region which may be used by storm impacted communities in the coming weeks. Five pallets of hospital and fistula treatment-related medications and supplies are headed for Edna Adan Hospital in Somaliland, which is in the center of the predicted storm path.
The cyclonic storm “SAGAR” over Gulf of Aden moved further west-southwestwards with a speed of 8 kmph during past 6 hours, and lay centered at 2030 hrs IST of 18 th May 2018 over Gulf of Aden near latitude 11.4 0N and longitude 45.3 0E; about 170 km south-southeast of Aden (Yemen) and 970 km west-southwest of Socotra Islands. It is very likely to continue to move west-southwestwards and weaken gradually from 19th morning and cross Somalia coast near longitude 440E during afternoon of 19th May 2018 as a cyclonic storm with wind speed 65-75 kmph gusting to 85 kmph.
Following a Tropical Cylcone in the gulf of Aden, heavy rains that led to flash floods were experienced in Bari region of Puntland in the last 12 hours. The rains are expected intensify during the next two days in most parts of Puntland and Somaliland with a reduction on 21/05/2018. Flash floods and strong winds will be experienced during this time in these areas.
A rare tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia late on Wednesday, 16 May 2018. The cyclone, Sagar (TC01A), threatens to bring rains and dangerous flash flooding to desert areas of southern Yemen, northern Somalia and Djibouti.
On Thursday, the centre of the cyclone was about 400 km east of Aden, Yemen. Showers and thunderstorms were reported in the coast of southern Yemen west and east of Aden and on the coast of northern Somalia near Berbera.
Flooding: 718,000 people have been affected by flooding, and 228,000 have been forced to flee their homes due to the rising water. The onset of the Gu ‘long rains’ in Somalia caused flash and river flooding in several areas in Banadir, Hirshabelle, Jubbaland, Galmuduug, and South West State, resulting in damage to crops, livelihoods and property.