Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018Ongoing
Unlike in 2017 when the rains were poor, the above average Gu rains in April this year are already worsening conditions in overcrowded Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) settlements and displacing more people along riverine areas due to flooding...In Baidoa, half of the estimated more than 246,000 IDPs, are at the risk of flash flooding...In Galgadud region, heavy rains resulted in flash floods that destroyed IDPs shelters in settlements in low lying land in Abudwaq town...An estimated 9,300 displaced people in Danwadaag, Kulmiye and Wadajir settlements have been affected and an unknown number has moved to Cadaado town until flooding recedes...In Jubaland, an estimated 28,200 people have been displaced by flash flooding. This includes 8,000 in Saakow; 6,000 in Bu’ale; 6,000 in Luuq; 6,000 in Afmadow; 1,200 in Ceel Waaq villages and some 7,000 people in Jilib and Jamaame riverine areas who have been temporarily displaced to nearby highland areas. In Middle Shabelle, the Shabelle River burst its banks displacing people in Horseed area. Farms and IDP shelter were washed away. Some 7,000 affected people have moved to Hantiwadaag village in Jowhar. According to partners, an estimated 13,000 have been affected by flooding...In Hiraan region, thousands of people have been affected after the Shabelle River burst its banks and its inlets overflowed into parts of Belet Weyne town and several riverine villages inundating houses and crops. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
Overall, more than 427,000 people have been affected as of 26 April and of these nearly 175,000 have been displaced as a result of the flash and river flooding in Hirshabelle, South West and Jubaland states as well as Banadir region, according to data collected by humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 26 Apr 2018)
Flash and river flooding has so far affected an estimated 630,000 people. More than 214,800 of these have been displaced from their homes following the heavy rains received across the country in April, according to the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). (OCHA, 2 May 2018)
An estimated 772,500 people have been affected by the flooding and more than 229,000 are displaced, according to [PRMN]. According to the FEWS NET and FSNAU, the food security outcomes are likely to be more severe than previously projected for many families in areas affected by flooding, especially in riverine areas of Hirshabelle, Jubaland and some agropastoral areas of South West State. In these areas, several roads are now impassible and trade flows are expected to slow, driving food prices higher.Cases of AWD/Cholera are expected to rise as flood waters stagnate and remaining clean drinking water sources are compromised. (OCHA, 15 May 2018)
The past week has seen a reduction in rainfall activity across Somalia and in the Ethiopian highlands, according to FAO-managed Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM). However, river levels remain high with flooding continuing along the Shabelle, while water levels are reducing down the Juba River, according to SWALIM. In Belet Weyne town and surrounding areas in Hirshabelle state, flood waters are receding while in Bulo Burto and Jalalasqi flooding levels have increased... The floods and storm have resulted in deaths and affected livelihoods, livestock, shelter and key infrastructure across the country. There is a high risk of the outbreak of water-born communicable diseases including malaria and AWD/cholera in several areas. An estimated 794,761 people have been affected by the flooding in southern and central states and more than 231,335 are temporarily displaced, according to the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). So far, 21 people are confirmed dead including nine in Hirshabelle State, four in Jubaland State and eight in Banadir region. (OCHA, 25 May 2018)
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‘Astonishing’ Gains Made against Al-Shabaab, Says Permanent Representative
The recent approval of Somalia’s security transition plan by the Council of Ministers, and its endorsement by the African Union Peace and Security Council, marked a milestone in the country’s path towards assuming full responsibility for its own stability, the Secretary‑General’s Special Representative told the Security Council today.
Summary of findings along the Shebelle River using Very High Resolution Pleiades images over the towns of Beledweyne, Bulo Burto, Jowhar & Afgooye
Satellite Data: Pleiades
Imagery Dates: 12,13 & 14 May 2018
Resolution: 0.5 m
Copyright: CNES 2018-Distribution Airbus Defence and Space / SPOT Image
Source: Airbus Defence and Space
15 May 2017 - World Vision is rushing to respond to 1.2 million of people affected by flooding in parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Continual rains have submerged homes, schools and businesses, displacing more than 700,000 people from their homes, and they are now camped out in tents on higher ground, in schools or other evacuation sites.
Nairobi — IOM, the UN Migration Agency, in close partnership with the Ministries of Health in Somaliland and Puntland, will provide emergency life-saving health services to some 48,000 drought-affected people in the Sool, Sanaag and Mudug regions over the next five months, with funding from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).
“There is a continuous need for health services due to the critical health gaps across Somalia,” said Abdikadir Abdow, IOM Somalia’s Health Programme Officer.
Preliminary findings as of 14 May 2018
• 04 towns along the Juba River were analysed using VHR Pléiades satellite images,
• No major floods in the town and/or in receding phase,
• Several agricultural fields appear to be still flooded,
• Towns in the upstream part of Juba river seem to have more flooded areas than the downstream towns as of 14 May 2018,
• This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field.
Humanitarian situation and needs
MAY 14 — Springtime in Somalia brings Gu, “the season of long rains.” The rains revive the pastures and grazing lands — and often deliver death and destruction to the regions where the rivers burst their banks.
Moderate to heavy rains will continue in the coming week in Somali and within the Ethiopian highlands whose rainfall contribute significantly to the river flow in Juba and Shabelle Rivers. Somaliland and Puntland will record the highest amounts of rainfall given the forecast.
Torrential rains, which began early in March - have since turned disastrous, killing hundreds of people and animals, displacing thousands others and destroying acres of farmlands.
But as the heavy rains pound and flooding continues in various parts of the region the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) remains confident that the situation is still at manageable levels.
Heavy rainfall and further flooding expected across East Africa through the end of May
Heavy Gu rainfall leads to widespread flooding
Seasonal rainfall well above normal in East Africa; recent evidence suggests food security further deteriorates in South Sudan
This map illustrates satellite-detected flood water extent over the district of Baardheere (Gedo Region), the districts of Saakow and Bu'aale (Middle Juba region) and the district of Diinsor (Bay region), Somalia using a Radarsat-2 image acquired on 09 May 2018. As observed from the satellite radar image, a total of 61,000 ha of land were inundated in the area of interest. By using WordPop data, we estimate that at least 100,000 people are potentially affected or living close to the potentially flood area. This correspond about 35% of the population living in the area of interest.
Flooding continues in Somalia and Kenya
Due to poor rainfall since November western Namibia is in a severe drought. Conditions may worsen as limited rain is forecast next week.
In southwestern Madagascar, an uneven and inadequate rainfall distribution since the start of the rainfall season has resulted in severe drought. Drought conditions are likely to persist.
Insufficient rain since January has resulted in large moisture deficits and below-average vegetation conditions over portions of northwestern Angola.
The heavy Gu rains in the Juba and Shabelle basins in Somalia and neighboring Ethiopia continued to cause flash and riverine flooding affecting thousands of people in several areas. Flooding is compounding an already fragile humanitarian situation with an estimated 5.4 million people in need of assistance due to drought and conflict. Humanitarian actors are working to scale-up the assistance, but the available funding is insufficient.
Flooding in Kenya has forced almost 250,000 people from their homes over recent days.
Trócaire is responding and will be providing food, water and other aid to 12,000 people over the coming weeks.
The flooding has been caused by heavy rainfall across the country. This follows prolonged drought that left millions without food – a further sign of the weather extremes now facing people in the region.
Approximately 100 people have died as a result of the floods. The flooding has also led to an outbreak of cholera.
Enhanced rains are foreseen in the coming week in many parts of the country with Bay, Bakool, South of Hiraan, Middle Shabelle and Lower Shabelle regions in the south expected to record the highest amounts of rainfall. The Ethiopian highlands will also continue to receive good rains during the period in forecast.