Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
Unlike in 2017 when the rains were poor, the above average Gu rains in April this year are already worsening conditions in overcrowded Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) settlements and displacing more people along riverine areas due to flooding...In Baidoa, half of the estimated more than 246,000 IDPs, are at the risk of flash flooding...In Galgadud region, heavy rains resulted in flash floods that destroyed IDPs shelters in settlements in low lying land in Abudwaq town...An estimated 9,300 displaced people in Danwadaag, Kulmiye and Wadajir settlements have been affected and an unknown number has moved to Cadaado town until flooding recedes...In Jubaland, an estimated 28,200 people have been displaced by flash flooding. This includes 8,000 in Saakow; 6,000 in Bu’ale; 6,000 in Luuq; 6,000 in Afmadow; 1,200 in Ceel Waaq villages and some 7,000 people in Jilib and Jamaame riverine areas who have been temporarily displaced to nearby highland areas. In Middle Shabelle, the Shabelle River burst its banks displacing people in Horseed area. Farms and IDP shelter were washed away. Some 7,000 affected people have moved to Hantiwadaag village in Jowhar. According to partners, an estimated 13,000 have been affected by flooding...In Hiraan region, thousands of people have been affected after the Shabelle River burst its banks and its inlets overflowed into parts of Belet Weyne town and several riverine villages inundating houses and crops. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
Overall, more than 427,000 people have been affected as of 26 April and of these nearly 175,000 have been displaced as a result of the flash and river flooding in Hirshabelle, South West and Jubaland states as well as Banadir region, according to data collected by humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 26 Apr 2018)
Flash and river flooding has so far affected an estimated 630,000 people. More than 214,800 of these have been displaced from their homes following the heavy rains received across the country in April, according to the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). (OCHA, 2 May 2018)
An estimated 772,500 people have been affected by the flooding and more than 229,000 are displaced, according to [PRMN]. According to the FEWS NET and FSNAU, the food security outcomes are likely to be more severe than previously projected for many families in areas affected by flooding, especially in riverine areas of Hirshabelle, Jubaland and some agropastoral areas of South West State. In these areas, several roads are now impassible and trade flows are expected to slow, driving food prices higher.Cases of AWD/Cholera are expected to rise as flood waters stagnate and remaining clean drinking water sources are compromised. (OCHA, 15 May 2018)
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any. According to SWALIM, the forecast for the coming week calls for clear weather, with the exception of coastal areas of Lower Shabelle and Lower Juba in Jubaland State. This signifies the gradual end of the 2018 Gu rainy season, which has seen above-average rainfall during April and early May. Some river breakages have not yet been closed in the mid-lower parts of the Shabelle river and therefore there remains a moderate risk of flooding. River levels along the Juba river have been gradually decreasing, which has reduced the risk of flood. ... An estimated 830,000 people have been affected, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced due to flooding. (OCHA, 7 Jun 2018)
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3 Million People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
13.1 Million Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
16 Million People affected by drought in the region
1 Million People affected by floods
Heavy rains and flooding have continued to compound an already fragile humanitarian situation and worsening conditions for communities who recently endured a long period of drought.
Children at grave risk as violations spike.
Interview with outgoing DHC.
The Gu rainy season ends, but needs remain high.
Humanitarians step up vaccination campaigns.
Lack of funding hampers aid operation.
# of people in need 5.4m
# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis (IPC Phases 3 &4) 2.m
# of people Emergency (IPC Phase 4) 0.5m
Food security has improved significantly in many of the areas worst-affected by the 2016/17 drought, thanks to large-scale humanitarian assistance and improvement in seasonal performance1. Some 2.6 million people are now estimated to be internally displaced. Nearly 2,700 households are displaced following the armed standoff between the Somaliland and Puntland in Tukaraq, Sool region.
5 July 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 304 new cases of cholera, including three associated deaths for week 25 (18 to 24 June) of 2018. The number of reported cases has increased compared to the previous week (292 cases). The cumulative total of cases is 5 329, including 39 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.
6,663 mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 10.38 m cash based transfers made
US$ 129.4 m six months (June -November 2018) net funding requirements
1.72 m people assisted in May 2018
• A total of 304 new cases AWD/cholera were reported in week 25 compared to 292 cases week 24.
• 49% (149) cases were reported from flood affected regions of Lower Shabelle and Lower Jubba regions
• 3 new deaths were reported in week 25 compared to 4 deaths reported in week 24
• The AWD/Cholera death reported in week 25 occurred in Banadir and Lower Shabelle regions.
• A cumulative total of 5,239 cases including 39 deaths have been reported since December 2017
217 health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning disease surveillance (EWARN) system in week 26.
Total number of consultations increased from 55,256 in week 25 to 55,343 in week 26.
A total of 284 alerts were received. 42 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts in week 26.
Seasonal performance improves in the Horn, although flooding remains a concern
Above-average rainfall throughout 2018 expected to drive improvements in food security
• Health cluster partners provided consultation services to 805,167 individuals in 395 health facilities (including 19 mobile health units).
• In attending to the flood affected patients, partners continue to record increased incidences of malaria. A total of 7,0042 confirmed cases of malaria were reported in 2018.
• During 2018, 5.0474 suspected cases of measles were reported, 650 in May and 419 in June.
• In response to flooding along river Juba and Shebelle, partners provided health services to 665,128 patients.
28 June 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 292 new cases of cholera, including four associated deaths for week 24 (11 to 17 June) of 2018. There has been a reduction of newly reported cases since week 23. The cumulative total of cases is 4 935, including 36 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017. Of the 223 stool samples so far collected from six cholera treatment centers (CTCs) in four regions since the beginning of the year, 70 tested positive for Vibrio cholera o1 Ogawa.
219 health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning disease surveillance (EWARN) system in week 25.
Total number of consultations increased from 44,883 in week 24 to 55,256 in week 25.
A total of 341 alerts were received. 50 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts.
• Children on the move:
Natural disasters and conflict has forced 8.5 million people to flee their homes across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Conflict is the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.
• Families facing starvation:
More than 12 million children go to bed hungry across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya everyday. Children don’t have enough to eat because of various crises – drought, conflict, flooding or hyperinflation.
• Humanitarian situation:
The combined effect of the flash flooding and the Tropical Storm ‘Sagar’ that occurred in central, southern and northeastern regions of Somalia has affected an estimated 830,000 people, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced. The flooding has destroyed farmlands, infrastructure and roads, and disrupted livelihoods in the worst-hit areas.
21 June 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 343 new cases of cholera, including four associated deaths for week 23 (4 to 10 June) of 2018. There has been a slight upward trend in the cases. The cumulative total of cases is 4 643, including 32 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.
During the month of April the main driver that has impacted the operation’s context was flash and riverine floods.
The flash and riverine floods affected around 427,000 persons and left 199,000 displaced in southern and central part of the country.
The monitoring agencies predict that the Gu rains will continue and possible causing flash and riverine floods.
Early Gu rains caused floods
*by Sini Maria Heikkila, Humanitarian Policy Officer Tearfund and *
Denis Kongere, Regional Drought Policy and Campaigns Manager, Oxfam