Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
Unlike in 2017 when the rains were poor, the above average Gu rains in April this year are already worsening conditions in overcrowded Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) settlements and displacing more people along riverine areas due to flooding...In Baidoa, half of the estimated more than 246,000 IDPs, are at the risk of flash flooding...In Galgadud region, heavy rains resulted in flash floods that destroyed IDPs shelters in settlements in low lying land in Abudwaq town...An estimated 9,300 displaced people in Danwadaag, Kulmiye and Wadajir settlements have been affected and an unknown number has moved to Cadaado town until flooding recedes...In Jubaland, an estimated 28,200 people have been displaced by flash flooding. This includes 8,000 in Saakow; 6,000 in Bu’ale; 6,000 in Luuq; 6,000 in Afmadow; 1,200 in Ceel Waaq villages and some 7,000 people in Jilib and Jamaame riverine areas who have been temporarily displaced to nearby highland areas. In Middle Shabelle, the Shabelle River burst its banks displacing people in Horseed area. Farms and IDP shelter were washed away. Some 7,000 affected people have moved to Hantiwadaag village in Jowhar. According to partners, an estimated 13,000 have been affected by flooding...In Hiraan region, thousands of people have been affected after the Shabelle River burst its banks and its inlets overflowed into parts of Belet Weyne town and several riverine villages inundating houses and crops. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
Overall, more than 427,000 people have been affected as of 26 April and of these nearly 175,000 have been displaced as a result of the flash and river flooding in Hirshabelle, South West and Jubaland states as well as Banadir region, according to data collected by humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 26 Apr 2018)
Flash and river flooding has so far affected an estimated 630,000 people. More than 214,800 of these have been displaced from their homes following the heavy rains received across the country in April, according to the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). (OCHA, 2 May 2018)
An estimated 772,500 people have been affected by the flooding and more than 229,000 are displaced, according to [PRMN]. According to the FEWS NET and FSNAU, the food security outcomes are likely to be more severe than previously projected for many families in areas affected by flooding, especially in riverine areas of Hirshabelle, Jubaland and some agropastoral areas of South West State. In these areas, several roads are now impassible and trade flows are expected to slow, driving food prices higher.Cases of AWD/Cholera are expected to rise as flood waters stagnate and remaining clean drinking water sources are compromised. (OCHA, 15 May 2018)
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any. According to SWALIM, the forecast for the coming week calls for clear weather, with the exception of coastal areas of Lower Shabelle and Lower Juba in Jubaland State. This signifies the gradual end of the 2018 Gu rainy season, which has seen above-average rainfall during April and early May. Some river breakages have not yet been closed in the mid-lower parts of the Shabelle river and therefore there remains a moderate risk of flooding. River levels along the Juba river have been gradually decreasing, which has reduced the risk of flood. ... An estimated 830,000 people have been affected, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced due to flooding. (OCHA, 7 Jun 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Somalia UNHCR Operational update 1-30 September 2018
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- IDMC Mid-Year Figures: Internal Displacement in 2018
- Horn of Africa Climate Crisis, Regional Summary #14 (August/September 2018)
- Situation Report for Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera, Epidemiological Week 40 (1st-7th Oct-2018)
The Gu rainy season has ended and food security has improved significantly compared to the 2016/2017 drought.
Flooding (March-June) and cyclone Sagar (May) affected over one million persons and temporarily displaced 274,000 persons.
Monitoring agencies expect most IDPs will remain in need of emergency humanitarian assistance through 2018.
We stand together with refugees
In response to the IDPs affected by the flood, CCCM partners in Baidoa provided sanitation materials in 80 IDP sites. The affected beneficiaries received wheelbarrows, spades, rakes gumboots, gloves and digging tools. Teams also mobilized communities to clean up their sites in which 290 beneficiaries volunteered.
Humanitarian assistance and improved seasonal performance mitigate a deterioration in food security
An Op Ed by Justin Brady, the Head of Office, UNOCHA Somalia
There is a proverb that says, “A society grows great when old men plant trees in whose shade they know they shall never sit.” The author of the proverb was underlying the importance of a strong foundation for future generations to build upon. In the past three decades, few such trees have been planted in Somalia, leaving its people as one of the most vulnerable in the world to climactic shocks, that have grown more frequent and severe due to a changing climate.
- 232 health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning disease surveillance (EWARN) system in week 28.
- Total number of consultations increased from 51,625 in week 27 to 54,605 in week 28.
- A total of 307 alerts were received. 35 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts in week 28.
- The highest numbers of diseases reported in week 28 were other acute diarrhoeas (2,306 cases), influenza like illness (1,245 cases) and severe acute respiratory illness (1,559 cases).
Tropical Cyclone Sagar affects an estimated 228,800 people
Above-average rainfall, humanitarian assistance improve food security conditions in Somalia
UN increases estimated number of IDPs to 2.6 million people
Rainfall continues in the Sahel, no weather hazards reported over Africa
Rainfall continues over the Sahel
12 July 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 344 new cases of cholera, including one associated deaths for week 26 (25 June to 1 July) of 2018. There has been an increase of newly reported cases since week 23. The cumulative total of cases is 5,582, including 40 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017. Among them, 40% of the cases are below 2 years old.
The European Union has released €89.5 million in humanitarian assistance to Somalia and Djibouti, as millions are grappling with the consequences of prolonged extreme weather conditions.
The funding comes ahead of the Somalia Partnership Forum co-hosted by the European Union taking place next week over 16-17 July.
• A total of 344 new cases AWD/cholera were reported in week 26 compared to 304 cases week 25.
• 33% (115) cases were reported from flood affected regions of Lower Shabelle and Lower Jubba regions
• 1 new death were reported in week 26 compared to 3 deaths reported in week 25
• The AWD/Cholera death reported in week 26 occurred in Banadir region.
• A cumulative total of 5,582 cases including 40 deaths have been reported since December 2017
Somalia was still reeling from a devastating two-year drought when the rains began. The heavy rainfall caused rivers to rise sharply and overflow their banks. In the worst-hit areas, farmland, infrastructure, and roads were destroyed by the floods. Making matters worse, thousands of cases of acute watery diarrhoea and cholera, malaria, and measles have been reported since the start of the year.
New Zealand has approved $5.2 million in humanitarian funding to address significant humanitarian needs in South Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia.
The ongoing conflict in South Sudan, and prolonged drought, recent heavy rains and pockets of violence in Ethiopia and Somalia, have contributed to deeply concerning humanitarian situations in all three countries.
New Zealand's support will be delivered through the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in South Sudan and Somalia, and the UN World Food Programme in Ethiopia.
• A total of 224 health facilities submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in week 27.
• Total number of consultations decreased from 55,343 in week 26 to 51,625 in week 27.
• A total of 257 alerts were received. 33 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts in week 27.
• The highest numbers of diseases reported in week 27 were other acute diarrhoeas (2,486 cases), influenza like illness (1,342 cases) and severe acute respiratory illness (1,173 cases).
Above-average rainfall received in the north, with increasing risk of early season floods
3 Million People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
13.1 Million Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
16 Million People affected by drought in the region
1 Million People affected by floods
Heavy rains and flooding have continued to compound an already fragile humanitarian situation and worsening conditions for communities who recently endured a long period of drought.
Children at grave risk as violations spike.
Interview with outgoing DHC.
The Gu rainy season ends, but needs remain high.
Humanitarians step up vaccination campaigns.
Lack of funding hampers aid operation.
# of people in need 5.4m
# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis (IPC Phases 3 &4) 2.m
# of people Emergency (IPC Phase 4) 0.5m
Food security has improved significantly in many of the areas worst-affected by the 2016/17 drought, thanks to large-scale humanitarian assistance and improvement in seasonal performance1. Some 2.6 million people are now estimated to be internally displaced. Nearly 2,700 households are displaced following the armed standoff between the Somaliland and Puntland in Tukaraq, Sool region.
5 July 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 304 new cases of cholera, including three associated deaths for week 25 (18 to 24 June) of 2018. The number of reported cases has increased compared to the previous week (292 cases). The cumulative total of cases is 5 329, including 39 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.