Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
Unlike in 2017 when the rains were poor, the above average Gu rains in April this year are already worsening conditions in overcrowded Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) settlements and displacing more people along riverine areas due to flooding...In Baidoa, half of the estimated more than 246,000 IDPs, are at the risk of flash flooding...In Galgadud region, heavy rains resulted in flash floods that destroyed IDPs shelters in settlements in low lying land in Abudwaq town...An estimated 9,300 displaced people in Danwadaag, Kulmiye and Wadajir settlements have been affected and an unknown number has moved to Cadaado town until flooding recedes...In Jubaland, an estimated 28,200 people have been displaced by flash flooding. This includes 8,000 in Saakow; 6,000 in Bu’ale; 6,000 in Luuq; 6,000 in Afmadow; 1,200 in Ceel Waaq villages and some 7,000 people in Jilib and Jamaame riverine areas who have been temporarily displaced to nearby highland areas. In Middle Shabelle, the Shabelle River burst its banks displacing people in Horseed area. Farms and IDP shelter were washed away. Some 7,000 affected people have moved to Hantiwadaag village in Jowhar. According to partners, an estimated 13,000 have been affected by flooding...In Hiraan region, thousands of people have been affected after the Shabelle River burst its banks and its inlets overflowed into parts of Belet Weyne town and several riverine villages inundating houses and crops. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
Overall, more than 427,000 people have been affected as of 26 April and of these nearly 175,000 have been displaced as a result of the flash and river flooding in Hirshabelle, South West and Jubaland states as well as Banadir region, according to data collected by humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 26 Apr 2018)
Flash and river flooding has so far affected an estimated 630,000 people. More than 214,800 of these have been displaced from their homes following the heavy rains received across the country in April, according to the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). (OCHA, 2 May 2018)
An estimated 772,500 people have been affected by the flooding and more than 229,000 are displaced, according to [PRMN]. According to the FEWS NET and FSNAU, the food security outcomes are likely to be more severe than previously projected for many families in areas affected by flooding, especially in riverine areas of Hirshabelle, Jubaland and some agropastoral areas of South West State. In these areas, several roads are now impassible and trade flows are expected to slow, driving food prices higher.Cases of AWD/Cholera are expected to rise as flood waters stagnate and remaining clean drinking water sources are compromised. (OCHA, 15 May 2018)
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any. According to SWALIM, the forecast for the coming week calls for clear weather, with the exception of coastal areas of Lower Shabelle and Lower Juba in Jubaland State. This signifies the gradual end of the 2018 Gu rainy season, which has seen above-average rainfall during April and early May. Some river breakages have not yet been closed in the mid-lower parts of the Shabelle river and therefore there remains a moderate risk of flooding. River levels along the Juba river have been gradually decreasing, which has reduced the risk of flood. ... An estimated 830,000 people have been affected, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced due to flooding. (OCHA, 7 Jun 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Somalia UNHCR Operational update 1-30 September 2018
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- IDMC Mid-Year Figures: Internal Displacement in 2018
- Horn of Africa Climate Crisis, Regional Summary #14 (August/September 2018)
- Situation Report for Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera, Epidemiological Week 40 (1st-7th Oct-2018)
Protracted conflict drives food insecurity; and flooding in the north affects livelihoods
9 August 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 50 new cases of cholera for week 30 (23 to 29 July) of 2018. There has been a decreasing trend of newly reported cases for four consecutive weeks. The cumulative total of cases is 6018, including 41 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.
Flooding in southern and central areas of the country, a cyclone in the north, the escalation of regional conflicts, particularly in the disputed Sool region, a significant upsurge in the displacement crisis and continued evictions compounded the humanitarian situation in the first half of the year. Major diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), began to decrease due to WASH and Health sector control measures; while malaria is on the increase.
• A total of 50 new cases of AWD/cholera were reported in week 30 compared to 88 cases in week 29.
• 27 (54%) cases were reported from flood affected regions of Lower Jubba regions
• No new death was reported in week 30 compared to 1 death reported in week 29
• A cumulative total of 6,018 cases including 41 deaths have been reported since December 2017
• The AWD/cholera cases started in Beletweyne in December 2017.
- 237 (59%) health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning alert and response network (EWARN) system in week 31.
- Total number of consultations decreased from 69,519 in week 30 to 50,136 in week 31.
- A total of 177 alerts were received. 91 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts in week 30.
1 August 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 88 new cases of cholera, including one associated death for week 29 (16 to 22 July) of 2018. There has been a decreasing trend of newly reported cases for three consecutive weeks. The cumulative total of cases is 5968, including 41 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017. Among them, 48% are below 2 years old. Of 248 stool samples so far collected since the beginning of this year, 79 tested positive for Vibrio cholerae, serotype O1 Ogawa.
• Resilience building key to ending need.
• Achievements in the first half of 2018
• Brussels hosts Somalia Partnership Forum
• Humanitarian access challenges persist.
• More resources needed to boost humanitarian response.
• The Response Plan revised
Resilience building key to ending need
Gu production now expected to be above average
8321st Meeting (AM)
Partnership Vital in Building Professional Forces, Says Permanent Representative
The Security Council renewed today its authorization of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) for another 10 months, deciding to reduce uniformed personnel to 20,626 by 28 February 2019, and cautioning against any further delay in lowering that number beyond that date.
The Gu (June) 2018 season nutrition assessment among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the main settlements and two urban areas shows Critical prevalence of acute malnutrition (Global Acute Malnutrition-GAM ≥ 15%) in 7 out of 15 population groups surveyed in June 2018: Bossaso, Qardho, Galkacyo Garowe, Mogadishu, Dolow and Baidoa IDPs - see Map 1 and Table 2.
6,815 mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 9.8 m cash based transfers made
US$ 129.4 m six months (July-December 2018) net funding requirements
1.67 m people assisted in June 2018
• 286 (73%) health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning alert and response network (EWARN) system in week 30.
• Total number of consultations increased from 58,449 in week 29 to 69,519 in week 30.
• A total of 432 alerts were received. 21 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts in week 30.
Enhanced seasonal rains and likely flooding are forecast for northern parts of the region
June to September seasonal rains are fully established in the northern sector of the region, as above-average rainfall amounts have been received across parts of Sudan, western Ethiopia, and northern South Sudan, helping ease localized early season deficits. These enhanced rains have largely benefited early season agricultural activities in these countries.
OVERVIEW OF THE CONTINUING CRISIS
26 July 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 151 new cases of cholera, with no deaths, for week 28 (9 to 15 July) of 2018. Among those afflicted, 45% are under 2 years old. The reported cases have been decreasing for two consecutive weeks.
The cumulative total of cases is 5880, including 40 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%), since the beginning of the current outbreak, which began in December 2017. Of 248 stool samples so far collected since the beginning of 2018, 79 tested positive for Vibrio cholerae, serotype O1 Ogawa.
MOGADISHU, Somalia, 17 July 2018 – The European Union (EU) is contributing an additional €5 million in humanitarian support, towards UNICEF’s response, which will provide lifesaving health, nutrition, water, sanitation, education and protection services to children caught in the ongoing crisis in Somalia.
• A total of 146 new cases AWD/cholera were reported in week 28 compared to 151 cases week 27.
• 66% (97) cases were reported from flood affected regions of Lower Shabelle, Middle Shabelle and Lower Jubba regions
• No new death was reported in week 28 compared to no deaths reported in week 27
• A cumulative total of 5,880 cases including 40 deaths have been reported since December 2017
• The new AWD/cholera cases reported in Beletweyne started in December 2017.