Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
Unlike in 2017 when the rains were poor, the above average Gu rains in April this year are already worsening conditions in overcrowded Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) settlements and displacing more people along riverine areas due to flooding...In Baidoa, half of the estimated more than 246,000 IDPs, are at the risk of flash flooding...In Galgadud region, heavy rains resulted in flash floods that destroyed IDPs shelters in settlements in low lying land in Abudwaq town...An estimated 9,300 displaced people in Danwadaag, Kulmiye and Wadajir settlements have been affected and an unknown number has moved to Cadaado town until flooding recedes...In Jubaland, an estimated 28,200 people have been displaced by flash flooding. This includes 8,000 in Saakow; 6,000 in Bu’ale; 6,000 in Luuq; 6,000 in Afmadow; 1,200 in Ceel Waaq villages and some 7,000 people in Jilib and Jamaame riverine areas who have been temporarily displaced to nearby highland areas. In Middle Shabelle, the Shabelle River burst its banks displacing people in Horseed area. Farms and IDP shelter were washed away. Some 7,000 affected people have moved to Hantiwadaag village in Jowhar. According to partners, an estimated 13,000 have been affected by flooding...In Hiraan region, thousands of people have been affected after the Shabelle River burst its banks and its inlets overflowed into parts of Belet Weyne town and several riverine villages inundating houses and crops. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2018)
Overall, more than 427,000 people have been affected as of 26 April and of these nearly 175,000 have been displaced as a result of the flash and river flooding in Hirshabelle, South West and Jubaland states as well as Banadir region, according to data collected by humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 26 Apr 2018)
Flash and river flooding has so far affected an estimated 630,000 people. More than 214,800 of these have been displaced from their homes following the heavy rains received across the country in April, according to the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). (OCHA, 2 May 2018)
An estimated 772,500 people have been affected by the flooding and more than 229,000 are displaced, according to [PRMN]. According to the FEWS NET and FSNAU, the food security outcomes are likely to be more severe than previously projected for many families in areas affected by flooding, especially in riverine areas of Hirshabelle, Jubaland and some agropastoral areas of South West State. In these areas, several roads are now impassible and trade flows are expected to slow, driving food prices higher.Cases of AWD/Cholera are expected to rise as flood waters stagnate and remaining clean drinking water sources are compromised. (OCHA, 15 May 2018)
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any. According to SWALIM, the forecast for the coming week calls for clear weather, with the exception of coastal areas of Lower Shabelle and Lower Juba in Jubaland State. This signifies the gradual end of the 2018 Gu rainy season, which has seen above-average rainfall during April and early May. Some river breakages have not yet been closed in the mid-lower parts of the Shabelle river and therefore there remains a moderate risk of flooding. River levels along the Juba river have been gradually decreasing, which has reduced the risk of flood. ... An estimated 830,000 people have been affected, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced due to flooding. (OCHA, 7 Jun 2018)
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Conflicts and climatic shocks aggravate current food insecurity in many countries
Some 39 countries in need of food assistance - FAO expects slightly lower global cereal production
20 September 2018, Rome - Persistent conflicts and climate-related shocks are currently driving high levels of severe food insecurity, particularly in Southern African and Near East countries, which continue to require humanitarian assistance, according to a new report published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today.
Update of UNHCR’s operations in Africa
A. Situational context
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
East Africa worst hit by internal displacement in first half of 2018
Geneva, 12 September 2018 - Latest figures from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) reveal that millions of people across the world have become displaced inside their own country since January. Worldwide, there were 5.2 million new internal displacements associated with conflict and violence in the first half of 2018, based on the analysis of data from the 10 worst-affected countries.
• Food security improving, but nutrition levels remain critical.
• Rise in forced evictions raises concern
• Children < 5 targeted in nationwide polio campaign
• Somalia marks World Humanitarian Day
• SHF releases $7.5million for the north
Food security improving, nutrition situation remains worrying
• Health cluster partners provided consultation services to 385,574 individuals in 371 health facilities (including 15 mobile health units). Of this, 185,844 were reached through funds received from the humanitarian appeal process.
• The effects of floods has led to the increased cases of vector borne diseases including malaria. In July, a total of 1,4822 confirmed cases were recorded by health cluster partners.
• During 2018, 6,9794 suspected cases of measles were reported, of this 562 was reported in July.
294 (73%) health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning alert and response network (EWARN) system in week 33.
Total number of consultations increased from 60,037 in week 32 to 67,588 in week 33.
A total of 441 alerts were received. 13 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts in week 33.
Over 204,000 people were forcibly removed from their homes this year, nearly double the same period last year, with many people made homeless multiple times.
- A total of 39 new cases AWD/cholera were reported in week 33 compared to 53 cases week 32.
- A total of 8 (21%) cases were reported from flood affected regions of Lower Jubba region.
- No new death was reported in week 32 and week 33.
- A cumulative total of 6,169cases including 41 deaths have been reported since December 2017.
- The new AWD/cholera cases reported in Beletweyne started in December 2017.
- In 2018 new outbreaks were reported in Banadir, Kismayo, Jowhar, Bulobarde, Merka, Brava, Kurtunwarey and Afgoye.
Human Rights Council
10–28 September 2018
Agenda items 10
Technical assistance and capacity-building
Note by the Secretariat
23 August 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 39 new cases of cholera, including no associated deaths for week 33 (13 to 19 August) of 2018. 72% of new cases are 5 years and below. There has been a decreasing trend of newly reported cases for the past five consecutive weeks, and no new deaths were reported since week 32. The cumulative total of cases is 6169, including 41 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.
This report provides United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members with an overview of the numbers of people in acute need of emergency food, nutrition and livelihood assistance in 22 countries/territories affected by conflict. It analyses the factors driving food insecurity and examines if those factors are a consequence of conflict and/or if they are driving further tension.
Since mid-July, persistent and well above-average seasonal rains in Sudan caused significant levels of flooding. According to reports, over 45,000 people have been affected in West Kordofan, Kassala, El Gezira, Sennar, and Northern states. Meanwhile, large areas of western Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, and northern Uganda have experienced significant rainfall deficits for the past month, resulting in soil and crop moisture stress.
Recurrent flooding along the Shabelle River in Southern Somalia has been one of the key challenges for agencies involved in community development in the area. The Shabelle River is worst affected owing to the topography of the area, uncontrolled irrigation activities and poor river basin management following the collapse of pre-war flood control infrastructure.
• A total of 53 new cases AWD/cholera were reported in week 32 compared to 59 cases week 31.
• A total of 20 (38%) cases were reported from flood affected regions of Lower Jubba region
• No new death was reported in week 31 and week 32
• A cumulative total of 6,130cases including 41 deaths have been reported since December 2017
• The new AWD/cholera cases reported in Beletweyne started in December 2017.
• In 2018 new outbreaks were reported in Banadir, kismayo, Jowhar, Bulobarde, Merka, Brava, kurtunwy and Afgoye
• A total of 59 new cases AWD/cholera were reported in week 31 compared to 50 cases week 30.
• A total of 21 (36%) cases were reported from flood affected regions of Lower Jubba region
• No new death was reported in week 30 and week 31
• A cumulative total of 6,077cases including 41 deaths have been reported since December 2017
• The new AWD/cholera cases reported in Beletweyne started in December 2017.
• In 2018 new outbreaks were reported in Banadir, kismayo, Jowhar, Bulobarde, Merka, Brava, kurtunwarey and Afgoye
16 August 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 53 new cases of cholera, including zero associated deaths for week 32 (6 to 12 August) of 2018. There has been a decline trend for the past four weeks and cases are localized in Lower Jubba and Banadir regions. The cumulative total of cases is 6130, including 41 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.6%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017. Of 248 stool samples so far collected since the begining of this year, 79 tested positive for Vibrio cholerae, serotype O1 Ogawa.