Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018Ongoing
Heavy rain has been affecting the central, the south-west and south-east areas of the country, including the capital Nairobi, since the beginning of the month, causing floods, flash floods and casualties. According to media, as of 20 March, the death toll has reached at least 15 people in the provinces of Central, Nyanza and Eastern. They also reported that around 1 000 people were evacuated in the counties of Makueni (Eastern province), Kilifi and Tana (Coast province). Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rain with local thunderstorms is forecast for the affected areas. (ECHO, 20 Mar 2018)
The March–May long rains began atypically early countrywide and with significantly above-average amounts, upwards of 145 percent of the long-term averages. The rains are welcomed after the extended dry season in many eastern areas of the country, improving water availability, but have also led to flooding. In Kajiado, Makueni, and Kilifi, flooding destroyed property, displaced households, and caused approximately five deaths, mostly children. (FEWS NET, 22 Mar 2018)
Floods have displaced more than 211,000 people and reportedly killed 72 people and injured 33 across Kenya since March 2018. The most affected counties are Turkana, Tana River, Garissa, Isiolo, Kisumu, Taita, Mandera, Wajir, Marsabit, West Pokot, Samburu and Narok, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The floods have disrupted livelihoods, with at least 8,450 acres of farmland submerged in water and more than 6,000 livestock killed, destroyed houses and damaged infrastructure, such as roads and health facilities (OCHA, 25 Apr 2018.)
While parts of the country were still experiencing the impacts of drought, the torrential rains that commenced in March 2018 have further resulted in erosion of livelihoods. The rainfall pattern has changed this year affecting at least 29 counties and it has been described as a mini El Nino phenomenon by the local meteorological department. According to preliminary reports, the rains have caused flooding that has left 211,155 people displaced, 72 dead and 33 injured. These numbers are likely to increase as the heavy rains are expected to continue until July. The flood impacts include destruction of crops with farms reported as submerged, destruction of irrigation systems, disruption of transport for market access, interruption of road infrastructure, and destruction of key installations including health care and water sanitation infrastructure. (IFRC, 1 May 2018)
As of 7 May, at least 311,164 had been displaced by floods across Kenya, according to the National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA). The death toll has risen to at least 132 people, and a further 33 people have been injured (OCHA, 7 May 2018.)
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59 Ongoing events
11 Humanitarian crises
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 63 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
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BY THE NUMBERS
311,164 people displaced
132 confirmed dead
40 counties affected
Source: UNOCHA. Flash Update #5 Floods in Kenya. 10 May 2018
NEW INFORMATION AND HIGHLIGHTS
Lutheran World Relief has committed an initial $25,000 for food and non-food item distribution in one of the temporary camps in Tana River County, which currently hosts about 3,000 families.
- MP Kitayama asked the regional government to send engineers to inspect other dams.
By VIVERE NANDIEMO
Dozens of people have been rendered homeless after a dam built by the Migori county government broke its walls in Kuria.
The reservoir in Kebarisia village in Kuria East, which was built two years ago, overflowed at the weekend as villagers slept.
The overflow is suspected to have been triggered by the heavy rains that pounded the area on Friday night.
NAIROBI, KENYA — Two months ago, Kote Adi fled Moyale, Ethiopia, after government soldiers there opened fire on civilians, killing at least nine. Kote and his pregnant wife found shelter in a tent in northeastern Kenya’s Dambala Fachana refugee camp, but weeks of heavy rain have displaced them again.
“Our plastic shelters were flooded with water,” said Kote Adi, who is settling into a new tent site on higher ground.
Humanitarian situation and needs
• 332,000 people have been displaced and 183 people killed due to extended floods across the country, according to the National Disaster Operations Centre (NDOC).
• Rains in Kenya have been four times above the normal average for the season. While end-May normally marks the end of the Long Rains Season, Kenya meteorological department warns that rainfalls may continue in parts of the country till August 2018. Riverine and flash floods are likely to worsen in the coming weeks.
By MOHAMED AHMED
An elderly man drowned as he was crossing a flooded area in Bandi, Tana River County.
Ali Abdullah, 68, was crossing with his livestock when he drowned at Bandi village.
A team of Kenya Red Cross Society, police and locals are searching for the body.
A friend identified as Hassan said: "We have been able to see his shoes and walking stick. The water was very heavy when we were crossing and that is why he was overwhelmed."
Water levels in Garissa Bridge about to surpass the red mark, the flood trigger alarm.
Tana County Commissioner says security team sweeping area to forcibly move residents.
KenGen CEO also issued floods warning after Masinga Dam overflowed.
By STEPHEN ODUOR
Kenya Red Cross has issued an alert to Tana Delta residents with water levels hitting the red mark on the Garissa Bridge, which is a trigger alarm for floods.
Severe flooding in Kenya has displaced more than 311,000 people, killing 132 and injuring 23, according to the National Disaster Management Agency. More than 6,000 livestock have been killed, and flood waters have submerged more than 9,500 acres of farmland. Infrastructure including houses, health centers, schools and roads have been damaged or destroyed.
Over the last two months, Kenya has been receiving heavy amounts of rainfall, causing floods, which have so far claimed the lives of over 170 people and displaced more than 300,000.
Ethiopia: Conflict between ethnic Oromos from West Gujji and Gedeos from SNNP region resulted in large scale displacement from both sides, leaving people in dire need of food and non-food assistance. Currently, the government and partners are assessing the needs and will continue to provide coordinated support. Meanwhile, the regional governments of Oromia and SNNP are working jointly to return displaced people to their place of origin and restore peace and security in the area.
People in need: A total of 2.55 million people require immediate food assistance from March to August 2018. Of this, 2.35 million people are in crisis and emergency drought classification, with 200,000 others in stress classification.
While parts of the country were still experiencing the impacts of drought, the torrential rains that commenced in March 2018 have further resulted in erosion of livelihoods thus affecting 29 Counties.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 59 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Despite a decrease in rainfall, flooding continues in East Africa.
Due to poor rainfall since November western Namibia is in a severe drought. Conditions may worsen as limited rain is forecast next week.
In southwestern Madagascar, an uneven and inadequate rainfall distribution since the start of the rainfall season has resulted in severe drought. Drought conditions are likely to persist.
At least 242 people who have been at the camp for almost a month are suffering from diarrhoea.
265 have skin infections and 278 hit by acute respiratory infections.
By Mohamed Ahmed
About 700 flood victims living in camps in Tana River County have been hit by an outbreak of acute diarrhoea, skin and respiratory infections.
At least 242 people are suffering from diarrhoea, 265 from skin infections and 278 have contracted acute respiratory infections.
The Finnish Red Cross is sending two mobile clinics and two aid workers to assist the Kenya Red Cross Society as the flood situation escalates. A large part of Kenya has suffered from exceptionally heavy rains and floods on the Tana River.
The aim of the mobile clinics provided by the Finnish Red Cross is to improve the availability of health services in Madogo – one of the most severely affected areas in the country.
Heavy rain from 2nd March 2018 in several parts of the country have led to floods. According to OCHA Flash Update #2 on the floods in Kenya dated 3rd May 2018, the floods have now displaced at least 244,407 people (45,219 households) across Kenya with the death toll rising to 80 people and 33 persons injured. The update cites that the highest displaced populations are reported in Tana River, Turkana, Mandera and Kilifi counties.
- Since March, heavy rainfall has led to flash floods and riverine flooding across large areas of the Horn of Africa.
• Most of the flood affected areas are the ones already affected by the 2017 drought. The compacted soil reduced their capacity to absorb rain, further increasing the flooding.