Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018Ongoing
Heavy rain has been affecting the central, the south-west and south-east areas of the country, including the capital Nairobi, since the beginning of the month, causing floods, flash floods and casualties. According to media, as of 20 March, the death toll has reached at least 15 people in the provinces of Central, Nyanza and Eastern. They also reported that around 1 000 people were evacuated in the counties of Makueni (Eastern province), Kilifi and Tana (Coast province). Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rain with local thunderstorms is forecast for the affected areas. (ECHO, 20 Mar 2018)
The March–May long rains began atypically early countrywide and with significantly above-average amounts, upwards of 145 percent of the long-term averages. The rains are welcomed after the extended dry season in many eastern areas of the country, improving water availability, but have also led to flooding. In Kajiado, Makueni, and Kilifi, flooding destroyed property, displaced households, and caused approximately five deaths, mostly children. (FEWS NET, 22 Mar 2018)
Floods have displaced more than 211,000 people and reportedly killed 72 people and injured 33 across Kenya since March 2018. The most affected counties are Turkana, Tana River, Garissa, Isiolo, Kisumu, Taita, Mandera, Wajir, Marsabit, West Pokot, Samburu and Narok, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The floods have disrupted livelihoods, with at least 8,450 acres of farmland submerged in water and more than 6,000 livestock killed, destroyed houses and damaged infrastructure, such as roads and health facilities (OCHA, 25 Apr 2018.)
The rainfall pattern has changed this year affecting at least 29 counties and it has been described as a mini El Nino phenomenon by the local meteorological department. According to preliminary reports, the rains have caused flooding that has left 211,155 people displaced, 72 dead and 33 injured. These numbers are likely to increase as the heavy rains are expected to continue until July. (IFRC, 1 May 2018)
As of 7 May, at least 311,164 had been displaced by floods across Kenya, according to the National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA). The death toll has risen to at least 132 people, and a further 33 people have been injured (OCHA, 7 May 2018.)
291,171 people have been displaced by floods since beginning of the long rains and many have now started to return home despite their homes being waterlogged and at the risk of disease outbreaks. 108 camps still exist across Tana River county. The Meteorological department continues to issue high alerts for heavy rainfall in Turkana, Marsabit, Samburu, West Pokot, Elgeyo Marakwet, Trans Nzoia, Uasin Gichu, Bungoma, Baringgo, Nakuru, Laikipia, Isiolo, Nyandarua, Kirinyaga, Meru, Tharaka Nithi, Embu, Kiambu, Nairobi, Murang’a and Nyeri. (UNICEF, 15 Jun 2018.)
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2019
16.3 million people in need of humanitarian services
8.2 million children in need of humanitarian services
667,948 children under-five in need of SAM treatment
14.8 million people are in need of water
At least 6.2 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May
3,590 cumulative Cholera/AWD cases resulting in 26 deaths (CFR 0.4) have been reported in 2018
Further flooding expected across East Africa throughout 2018
Further flooding expected across East Africa throughout 2018
Well above-average March to May 2018 Gu/long rains caused significant flooding over the Eastern Horn of Africa and has been followed by heavy rainfall at the start of the June to September main rainy season in the northern part of the region (Figure 1).
19 August is World Humanitarian Day, a time to recognise those who face danger and adversity in order to help others. This year we provide a snapshot into our work with partners during a response to flooding in Kenya.
Flooding causes mass internal displacement
Protracted conflict drives food insecurity; and flooding in the north affects livelihoods
2,488,756* Total South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 30 June (preand post-Dec 2013 caseload)
7,557* South Sudanese refugee arrivals in June, based on field reports as of 30 June
297,150 Refugees in South Sudan and 1.88 million IDPs including 210,545 in UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites.
KEY FIGURES *
63% of the South Sudanese refugee population are children (under the age of 18 years old)
4.66 million Total population of concern (South Sudanese refugees,
South Sudanese IDPs and refugees inside South Sudan)
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
The County is currently experiencing Normal vegetation conditions in EWS classification.
The county received normal rainfall amount in the month at 7.2mm. However, the Tana delta region of county continued to suffer from floods of the last rain season. Floods have not yet receded completely.
Enhanced seasonal rains and likely flooding are forecast for northern parts of the region
June to September seasonal rains are fully established in the northern sector of the region, as above-average rainfall amounts have been received across parts of Sudan, western Ethiopia, and northern South Sudan, helping ease localized early season deficits. These enhanced rains have largely benefited early season agricultural activities in these countries.
Available harvests, low staple prices, and increased milk production improving food security
• In March 2018, approximately 2.55 million people were food insecure1 , down from 3.4 million as from August 2017. The record-high March to May rains resulted in significant improvement of food security and nutrition status in the second quarter of 2018. Massive flooding across 40 out of 47 counties, affected 800,000 people and displaced 291,171 (approximately 47% children) and 186 killed by mid-May 2018
• A total of 114,543 acutely malnourished children were admitted for treatment from 1 January to 31 May 2018 with UNICEF support.
We develop, test and implement the research methodology to evaluate household water filters for use in an emergency context. Our goal is to understand users' and implementers' experience and preferences regarding operation and maintenance of products, and evaluate technical performance in the field. Feedback we provide to the manufacturers will enable optimization and further development of the products. 420 filters of five types are evaluated in Occupied Palestinian Territories, Somalia and Kenya.
Humanitarian assistance and improved seasonal performance mitigate a deterioration in food security
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2019
Rainfall continues in the Sahel, no weather hazards reported over Africa
Rainfall continues over the Sahel
by Isaiah Esipisu | @Andebes | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Monday, 9 July 2018 02:14 GMT
Heavy rain has brought more than just flooding to the village of Gitugu: it has torn apart the very ground beneath people's homes and fields
By Isaiah Esipisu
MURANG'A, Kenya, July 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The heavy rain that pounded Kenya earlier this year brought more than just flooding to the village of Gitugu: it has torn apart the very ground beneath people's homes and fields, making the village unliveable.
Above-average rainfall received in the north, with increasing risk of early season floods
As a result of the heavy rains that poured across Kenya between April – May 2018, the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) reported about 311,000 people have been displaced by floods and number of deaths estimated at 186. At least 32 counties have been affected by the floods. Tana River, Turkana, Mandera, and Kilifi counties have high numbers of displaced persons, with Tana River having the largest number of displaced persons at 97,215 people. There is widespread damage to infrastructure and livelihoods due to the heavy rains and widespread flooding.