Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018
Heavy rain has been affecting the central, the south-west and south-east areas of the country, including the capital Nairobi, since the beginning of the month, causing floods, flash floods and casualties. According to media, as of 20 March, the death toll has reached at least 15 people in the provinces of Central, Nyanza and Eastern. They also reported that around 1 000 people were evacuated in the counties of Makueni (Eastern province), Kilifi and Tana (Coast province). Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rain with local thunderstorms is forecast for the affected areas. (ECHO, 20 Mar 2018)
The March–May long rains began atypically early countrywide and with significantly above-average amounts, upwards of 145 percent of the long-term averages. The rains are welcomed after the extended dry season in many eastern areas of the country, improving water availability, but have also led to flooding. In Kajiado, Makueni, and Kilifi, flooding destroyed property, displaced households, and caused approximately five deaths, mostly children. (FEWS NET, 22 Mar 2018)
Floods have displaced more than 211,000 people and reportedly killed 72 people and injured 33 across Kenya since March 2018. The most affected counties are Turkana, Tana River, Garissa, Isiolo, Kisumu, Taita, Mandera, Wajir, Marsabit, West Pokot, Samburu and Narok, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The floods have disrupted livelihoods, with at least 8,450 acres of farmland submerged in water and more than 6,000 livestock killed, destroyed houses and damaged infrastructure, such as roads and health facilities (OCHA, 25 Apr 2018.)
The rainfall pattern has changed this year affecting at least 29 counties and it has been described as a mini El Nino phenomenon by the local meteorological department. According to preliminary reports, the rains have caused flooding that has left 211,155 people displaced, 72 dead and 33 injured. These numbers are likely to increase as the heavy rains are expected to continue until July. (IFRC, 1 May 2018)
As of 7 May, at least 311,164 had been displaced by floods across Kenya, according to the National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA). The death toll has risen to at least 132 people, and a further 33 people have been injured (OCHA, 7 May 2018.)
291,171 people have been displaced by floods since beginning of the long rains and many have now started to return home despite their homes being waterlogged and at the risk of disease outbreaks. 108 camps still exist across Tana River county. The Meteorological department continues to issue high alerts for heavy rainfall in Turkana, Marsabit, Samburu, West Pokot, Elgeyo Marakwet, Trans Nzoia, Uasin Gichu, Bungoma, Baringgo, Nakuru, Laikipia, Isiolo, Nyandarua, Kirinyaga, Meru, Tharaka Nithi, Embu, Kiambu, Nairobi, Murang’a and Nyeri. (UNICEF, 15 Jun 2018.)
At the peak of the rains in April, flooding was causing widespread damage. By May, approximately 150 people had died and a further 310,000 had been displaced across 40 counties. Cropland and irrigation infrastructure, such as pumps and pipes, were extensively damaged. About 28 percent of the total crop in Turkana was destroyed. In other counties the loss of cropland was as follows: 10,000 acres in Tana River, 12,355 acres in Embu, Kitui and Makueni, 200 acres in Narok, 1,507 acres in Taita Taveta, and about 4,500 acres in Kilifi. Health facilities, schools, markets and roads were destroyed, affecting access to health and education, the supply of food commodities and medical provisions, and food prices. Approximately 3,700 small stock were lost across Wajir, Tana River, Garissa and Marsabit. By late June, the flood waters had receded in most areas and normal livelihood activities such as crop production had resumed. (Govt. Kenya, 31 Aug 2018.)
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The USG provides more than $131.4 million in FY 2018 humanitarian funding
Foreword from the Regional Director
"We commend the Government of Rwanda for passing its first-ever law relating to the “prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons and exploitation of others"
According to FEWSNET, there was an increase in food production due to the continued rainfall experienced in the eastern Horn of Africa. Average to above-average rains are expected to enhance crop and livestock production, increase demand for agricultural labor, and suppress resource-based conflict. Regardless of this, food insecurity persists due to a combination of factors, including conflict, drought recovery, previous and ongoing flooding.
SEPTEMBER EW PHASE
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
- The county experienced relatively dry spell in September.
- Vegetation condition:
- The vegetation greenness as depicted by the vegetation condition index (VCI) is above normal greenness across the county.
Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)
- 4.6 million people in need and 954,000 children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year.
- The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May.
Kenya hosts 470 000 refugees and asylum seekers from neighbouring countries who are fully dependent on humanitarian assistance to cover their basic needs. Voluntary repatriation of Somali refugees has continued, in spite of insecurity, drought, and forced evictions in their home country. The European Commission continues its long-standing assistance to refugees in Kenya and responds to disaster-related emergencies.
What are the needs?
Foreword from the Regional Director
Welcome to the September edition of the UN Migration Agency Bulletin for the East and Horn of Africa.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has begun distributing seeds, animal vaccinations and farming tools to victims of the March–May rains in Kenya that resulted in severe floods. Gabriel Rugalema, FAO Representative in Kenya, said that about USD 500,000 worth of agricultural contributions will be distributed to Kilifi, Tana River and Turkana counties.
Food security improvements driven by above-average long rains and low staple food prices
Although the pastoral northeast (Garissa, Wajir, Mandera and parts of Tana River counties) and pastoral north-west (Mainly Turkana, West Pokot and Marsabit) are generally classified as Stressed under the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), there are about 700,000 people here in the Crisis phase of food insecurity. After two to three poor seasons, these households have not fully recovered. Most of them lost productive assets during last year’s drought and face considerable food gaps.
Conflicts and climatic shocks aggravate current food insecurity in many countries
Some 39 countries in need of food assistance - FAO expects slightly lower global cereal production
20 September 2018, Rome - Persistent conflicts and climate-related shocks are currently driving high levels of severe food insecurity, particularly in Southern African and Near East countries, which continue to require humanitarian assistance, according to a new report published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today.
Conflict continues to drives high needs, but some food security improvements expected
Will an El Nino take place?
Current forecasts of Eastern Pacific sea surface temperatures (SST) and expert judgement point to a significant likelihood of an El Nino materializing: currently this stands at 50-55% chance of it happening in the northern hemisphere Autumn and 65-70% chance of it developing in the coming Winter.
How long is it likely to last?
Judging from the forecasts for how SST are likely to evolve, this El Nino, should it materialize, is likely to be relatively short and over by mid 2019.
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
East Africa worst hit by internal displacement in first half of 2018
Geneva, 12 September 2018 - Latest figures from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) reveal that millions of people across the world have become displaced inside their own country since January. Worldwide, there were 5.2 million new internal displacements associated with conflict and violence in the first half of 2018, based on the analysis of data from the 10 worst-affected countries.
This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of some 9.2 million Swiss francs increased from 4.8 million Swiss francs, which reflects the overall operational plan of the Kenya Red Cross Society. The revised Appeal is focusing on shelter and settlement, health and nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene, protection, gender and inclusion as well as food security and livelihoods, targeting 321,630 people or 53,605 families. The operation has been scaled up to assist an increased number of people within an extended timeframe, and an enlarged geographic scope.
During the month of August, Sudan continued to receive significantly above-average rainfall, which caused additional widespread flooding, fatalities, livestock and crop losses, and infrastructure damage. As moderate to localized heavy rainfall is forecast over the next two weeks, particularly in southern areas, a heightened flood-risk is expected through mid-September.
- The County is currently experiencing Normal vegetation conditions in EWS classification.