Afghanistan: Flash Floods and Landslides - Apr 2014
As at 31 Mar 2014, 11 provinces (nine in northern Afghanistan) had received rainfall between 19 per cent and 55 per cent of their long-term average. Heavy rainfall resulting in flash floods on 24/25 Apr impacted 10 provinces of northern Afghanistan. Across the provinces flood waters destroyed homes, public infrastructure and roads as well as thousands of hectares of agricultural land. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2014)
As of 30 Apr, over 67,000 people had been affected and 150 deaths had been recorded. Jawzjan, Faryab and Sar-e-pul were the most affected provinces. With nearly 3,500 houses reported damaged and destroyed the caseload in need of shelter continued to grow. (OCHA, 30 Apr 2014)
On 2 May, a series of heavy rain-induced landslides struck in the Argo district of Badakhshan in northeastern Afghanistan, causing significant loss of life and widespread damage to homes and agriculture. Around 1,000 families were thought to have been affected, and officials declared that a maximum of about 500 people were killed. Some 300 houses were destroyed. New waves of flooding affected Baghlan and Samangan. (OCHA, 3 May 2014)
By 22 May, the number of people affected by floods stood at 125,000 people in 27 provinces in 123 districts. Jawzjan, Faryab, Sar-e-Pul, Baghlan and Balkh remained the five most affected provinces, accounting for over three quarters of all affected people. About 6,800 houses had been destroyed and almost 7,600 had been damaged. (OCHA, 22 May 2014).
By the end of the season, more than 14,000 families had been affected, and more than 6,500 had their homes destroyed. The extent of flooding in 2014 was 2-3 times higher than annual averages, with flood waters destroying several villages that were at least 100 years old. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2014)
There is agreement in the scientific community that the global food system will experience unprecedented pressure in the coming decades – demographic changes, urban growth, environmental degradation, increasing disaster risk, food price volatility, and climate change will all affect food security patterns.
Every year approximately 250,000 people are affected by natural disasters in Afghanistan. In 2014, the North of the country saw one of the worst cases of seasonal flooding in years, affecting over 110,000 people. Many lost their homes entirely.
What is ACTED doing to help?
Our teams in Afghanistan have built 416 transitional shelters as well as latrines (toilets), for these internally displaced families in Badakhshan and Baghlan provinces in the North and North East of the country, with OFDA/USAID support.
Twenty years on from the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in November 1995, the consequences of conflict – including the long-term effects of displacement – are still being felt in the Western Balkans. FMR 50 examines the case of people who were displaced from and within Bosnia and Herzegovina as a result of the 1992-95 war, and reflects on the lessons that may be drawn from the successes and failures of the Agreement. FMR 50 includes 20 articles on ‘Dayton +20’, plus five ‘general’ articles.
The Asia Pacific zone (APZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) comprises the zone office in Kuala Lumpur, four regional offices in Suva (Pacific), Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Delhi (South Asia) and Beijing (East Asia) and 12 country offices, adopting a “best-positioned” strategy to support the national societies (NSs) in the zone according to their needs. Through this decentralized management structure, the Asia Pacific zone office directs the work of the regional and country offices.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
TWG developing updated Technical Standards
Rolling of common Standard Reporting Mechanisms
Cluster dedicated website baing updated by Global Cluster
Contingency plan being prepared to respond to major hazards
Cluster Strategy and Objectives
Afghanistan swore in Ashraf Ghani as its second democratically elected president in 2014. The period of political uncertainty surrounding the election fuelled further violence in the country. The year saw an increase in conflict related deaths, injuries and displacement, an influx of 280,178 Pakistanis seeking refuge in Afghanistan, significant malnutrition needs, and massive flooding in the north with 7,643 homes destroyed.
On 2 May at around 11.00 am local time in Afghanistan, a landslide occurred in Badakhshan Province, Argo District, Abi- Barik village. The number of people killed by the massive landslide is still not certain as of late on 6 May. According to local officials more than 350 people have been killed and more are still missing. The local estimations say more than 2,000 people are presumed dead. The landslide destroyed around 300 houses in the village of Abi-Barik and affected approx. 1,000 families, 700 of which were displaced.
Conflict, refugees, and floods fuel humanitarian needs
Afghanistan 2014 SRP 67% funded
CHF projects help 1.8 million people in 2014
405 million requested (US$)
2014 - Humanitarian action in review
The Afghanistan HCT—comprising UN, international organization, and nongovernmental organization (NGO) representatives—releases Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for 2015
USAID supports winter preparedness and response activities
USAID/FFP provides 26,100 metric tons (MT) of emergency food assistance
Conflict-induced displacement in Kunar
Shelter response 83 % completed
Humanitarian access in Helmand
In this issue
Scores displaced in Kunar P.1 Humanitarians respond to winter P.2 Mission to Daykundi P.3 Humanitarian access P.5
In May flash floods hit the Khuram was Sarbagh district of Samangan leaving communities with no time to prepare and wreaking devastation on already vulnerable households. Alongside 30 years of conflict, Afghanistan is prone to natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes and drought, which have been occurring with increasing regularity over recent years.