Indonesia: Earthquakes - Jul 2018Ongoing
A 6.4 magnitude earthquake has struck off Lombok, province of West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, at 05:47 local time, on 29 July 2018, followed by 66 aftershocks with the highest of those with a recorded magnitude of 5.7. The earthquake affected the three districts of North Lombok, East Lombok and West Lombok. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the quake was centred 50 kilometres northeast of the city Mataram on the northern part of Lombok island, with a depth of 10 km. Indonesia’s agency for meteorology climatology and geophysics (BMKG) indicated that there was no risk of a tsunami. The quake also impacted Mount Rinjani national park, a popular trekking destination. Access to the climbing routes are temporarily closed due to reports of a landslide around the mountain. (IFRC, 29 Jul 2018)
The West Nusa Tenggara administration declared a seven-day state of emergency. The earthquake has claimed at least 17 lives. As of 1 August, the National Disaster and Mitigation Agency (BNPB) had recorded 10,062 displaced people and 5,448 destroyed houses across Lombok, most of which are located in East Lombok regency. (Jakarta Post, 1 Aug 2018)
Assessments as well as delivery of immediate assistance which includes first aid and basic medical services are also being undertaken alongside search, rescue and recovery efforts. The Government of West Nusa Tenggara Province has issued a provincial level state of calamity to be applied for three days until 1 August 2018, and the district of Lombok until 5 August, with potential extension following the result of continuous assessment on the impact and development of the situation. BNPB has indicated that there is no request for international assistance at this stage. (IFRC, 1 Aug 2018)
More than 90 people have been killed and hundreds more have been injured in a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that took place in Lombok, Indonesia on the evening of 5 August. This second earthquake followed the 6.4 magnitude quake that struck the same area on 29 July. (IFRC, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 12 August 2018 (17.30 hrs UTC+7), National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) and Command Post for Lombok Earthquake have verified an overall fatalities number of 392, 1,353 people injured (all levels of injuries), and 387,067 people displaced. In addition, a total of 67,875 houses damaged, along with 6 bridges, 606 schools, 3 hospitals, and 20 office buildings. (AHA Centre, 13 Aug 2018)
As of 15 August, the series of earthquakes and aftershocks in Lombok Island have caused 460 deaths, 7,733 injured and 417,259 displaced people, according to the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB). An initial damage assessment to infrastructure reports over 72,000 houses damaged, as well as 52 health facilities, 128 religious facilities and 6 bridges damaged. (ECHO, 17 Aug 2018)
On 19 August, a 7M earthquake struck Lombok. It was preceded by a 6.3M earthquake and was followed by a number of aftershocks. The epicenter was 30km northeast of East Lombok, and was 20 km deep. As of 20 August, ten people are known to have died and 24 people have been injured. More than 150 houses have been damaged and widespread power outages have been reported. The earthquake caused a number of landslides and was felt across East Lombok, North Lombok, West Sumbawa, Sumbawa Besar, West Lombok and Mataram City, as well as Bali, East Java and Makassar. Aircraft carrying relief from Jakarta and Malang have been dispatched. Lombok has been rocked by a number of significant earthquake since the 7M quake on 5 August which killed 460 people and displaced hundreds of thousands of people. (OCHA, 20 Aug 2018)
As of 24 August, more than 390,500 people remain displaced as a result of the earthquakes. Following the earthquakes, 555 people are known to have died. More than 80,5000 houses have been damaged, while six hospitals, more than 170 health centres and 859 schools have been affected. The emergency response phase ended on 25 August, with the response transitioning to the recovery phase with the aim to restore vital infrastructure and facilities, and stimulate community-level socio-economic activities. 390,500 people displaced. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2018)
As of 1 October, according to BNPB, the four quakes during July and August killed more than 510 people, injured at least 7,100 others, and displaced more than 431,000 people with 88,740 houses and 798 public and social facilities (community health centres, mosques and schools) destroyed or damaged. In mid-September, the provincial authorities announced a six-month period of transitioning from emergency to recovery. (IFRC, 1 Oct 2018)
Regardless the fact that the IDPs have access to cook and have capacity to buy their food, the food availability for infant(younger than 1 year old) is very limited (not available in 2,031 IDPs camps with total infants 8,433). 1,796camps have no supplement for kids (total kids without supplement is 22,342), 1,948 camps have no supplement for woman in pregnancy or breastfeeding (total 2,584 woman) and breastfeeding counselor is not accessible for 10,526 breastfeeding mothers in 1,929 camps. Out of recorded IDPs camps, there are 251 camps that have not received Non Food Items relief during their displacement. The total of IDPs in those 251 camps is 30,400 people. (Govt. Indonesia, IOM, 19 Sep 2018).
According to BNPB reports, over 129,000 houses were damaged and more than 445,000 people have been internally displaced. These people are living with various types of shelters, across 2,700 camps as well as with host communities. The Government of Indonesia is leading the recovery efforts in Lombok and Sumbawa and planning to provide cash to 75,000 affected households to rebuild their homes. (IFRC, 7 Nov 2018)
As of 16 November, more than six weeks after the disaster, many needs remain. Priorities include logistics and economic recovery, medical assistance, clean water, sanitation and hygiene, recovery of infrastructure and public services, shelter, protection, including women’s and children’s protection, and education. Humanitarian response has made significant progress in reaching and serving the people in need of assistance. Regional and international agencies continue to support national efforts and leadership. NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN are on the ground augmenting the national response. (IFRC, 16 Nov 2018)
Four months on from the disaster, situation in the province continues to improve, school activities have started again, and people have started trade. Condition in some parts of the earthquake affected areas is becoming more conducive, people have started repairing their houses respectively. However, significant humanitarian needs remain. Currently PMI continues providing services to the public such as health care, psychosocial support Services, restoring family links, safe water distribution, shelters, and distribution of food and non-food Items. (IFRC, 11 Dec 2018)
As of 27 December 2018, more than 509,000 people have been affected by the earthquakes in Lombok. 515 people died, thousands of people were seriously injured or suffered from minor injuries, and over 431,000 people were displaced. Local authorities initially reported that more than 140,000 houses were damaged as a result of the earthquakes. (IFRC, 27 Dec 2018)
The result of recovery assessment conducted in Lombok during November 2018 indicated over 129,000 houses were damaged, and more than 445,000 people have been internally displaced following the earthquake. Displaced families dispersed across 2,700 small scale displacement sites in proximity of their villages, as well as with host communities. Health services were disrupted by the earthquakes resulting in over 340 damaged health facilities. The Government of Indonesia is leading the recovery efforts in Lombok and Sumbawa and planning to provide cash to 75,000 affected households to rebuild their homes. (IFRC, 14 Jan 2019)
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Summary of current response
Overview of Host National Society
Jakarta, 29/12/2018 - 03:14, UNIQUE ID: 181229_1
The European Union is providing EUR 80 000 (approximately IDR 1.3 billion) in additional humanitarian funding to further assist the most vulnerable communities affected by three major disasters which have struck Indonesia in the span of the last six month.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 38.9 million Swiss francs, to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Indonesian Red Cross – Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) – to deliver assistance and support to an estimated 167,000 people (41,400 households) for 30 months.
Nanang Dirja Islamic Relief Indonesia, Country Director, said:
“Families are still extremely frightened – some have lost loved ones, others their homes – and the threat of further tsunamis, earthquakes or a more aggressive eruption by Anak Krakatau cannot be ruled out.
“While some people have started to go back, others are telling us they cannot yet face the reality of what they will find amidst the rubble of what was once their homes and their communities.
Description of the disaster
On 28 September 2018, a series of strong earthquakes struck Central Sulawesi Province. The strongest of which measured at 7.4 M earthquake and was just 10km deep with its epicenter in Donggala Regency, close to the provincial capital Palu. The earthquake triggered a tsunami whose waves reached up to three meters in some areas, striking Talise beach in Palu and Donggala. The earthquakes, tsunami and resulting liquefaction and landslides have caused significant damage and loss of life in affected areas.
JAKARTA, December 12, 2018 – Habitat for Humanity, the sustainable development partner of the Asian Tour 2018 season, will be raising funds at the Indonesia Masters to support the needs of tsunami and earthquake-affected families in Sulawesi and Lombok.
Description of the disaster
Since the first 6.4 magnitude earthquake magnitude earthquake struck off Lombok, province of West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, on Sunday 29 July 2018, four further earthquakes and multiple aftershocks have impacted the districts of North Lombok, East Lombok, West Lombok, Central Lombok and Mataram in addition to Bali and Sumbawa islands. According to BNPB reports as of 1 October, the disaster impacts of Lombok Earthquake is as highlighted in the infographics.
Jakarta | Fri, December 7, 2018 | 08:38 pm
A 5.0-magnitude earthquake rocked Lebak District in Banten on Friday at 6:43 a.m., the fifth tremor of above 4-magnitude in the area this year.
The earthquake was located around 83 kilometers southwest of Lebak at a depth of 19 km, according to the Lebak Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD).
“So far, we haven't received any reports of casualties or damage to infrastructure caused by the earthquake," Lebak BPBD Madias said as quoted by Antara news agency, adding that the earthquake was relatively small.
Almost four months after a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck Lombok, thousands of people continue to live in makeshift shelters and are looking at continued support during the rainy season up ahead. A powerful quake hit the Indonesian island on 29 July 2018, leaving thousands in disarray.
Global trends and challenges
More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.
ONE ASEAN ONE RESPONSE FOR TYPHOON MANGKHUT
By mid-September it was all-hands-on-deck in the AHA Centre, with the monitoring team tracking the formation of largest storm cell of the year so far, as it made its way across the Pacific Ocean with a population of millions across the Philippines directly in its path. Read more
MONTHLY DISASTER REVIEW AND OUTLOOK
News Release | 20 November 2018
MANILA, PHILIPPINES (20 November 2018) — The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a $500 million emergency assistance loan to support the Government of Indonesia’s recovery and rehabilitation of Lombok and Central Sulawesi after recent disasters claimed thousands of lives and destroyed infrastructure, property, and livelihoods.
The first round of DTM has identified 432,015 IDPs (130,492 HH), 54% female and 46% male, living in 2,700 displacement sites with the smallest number of people displaced and living in the sites are 16 people or 4 HHs.
People whose house were not damaged have returned to their houses while others either living in displacement sites or living in separate transitional shelter built by themselves or provided by several entities such as NGO and private sector.
Description of the disaster
On 28 September 2018, a series of strong earthquakes struck Central Sulawesi Province. The strongest of which measured at 7.4 M earthquake and was just 10km deep with its epicentre in Donggala Regency, close to the provincial capital Palu. The earthquake triggered a tsunami whose waves reached up to three metres in some areas, striking Talise beach in Palu and Donggala. The earthquakes, tsunami and resulting liquefaction and landslides have caused significant damage and loss of life in affected areas.
As of November 6, there are still over 200,00 people living at temporary shelters, most of them lost their houses from the earthquake and tsunami on September 28. They did not just lose their houses, all the personal belongings, memories, and many also lost their family members and friends.
City of Palu, is one of the most affected area where PWJ and our local partner ACT have been working to provide disaster affected families and communities with basic house holds and food items.
In line with its mission to alleviate human suffering around the globe, The King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief) distributed on Wednesday aid to vulnerable communities in Yemen and Kenya, and to people affected by natural disaster in Indonesia.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 38.5 million Swiss francs (with a funding gap of approximately 17.1 million Swiss francs), increasing from 22 million Swiss francs, to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Indonesian Red Cross – Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) – to deliver assistance and support to an estimated 160,000 people (40,000 households) for 30 months.
Jakarta/Kuala Lumpur/Geneva, 08 November 2018 - The Secretary General of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has announced a significant expansion of Red Cross response and recovery efforts in the wake of two major disasters.
Description of the disaster
Since the first 6.4 magnitude earthquake magnitude earthquake struck off Lombok, province of West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, on Sunday 29 July 2018, four further earthquakes and multiple aftershocks in the last month have impacted the districts of North Lombok, East Lombok, West Lombok, Central Lombok and Mataram in addition to Bali and Sumbawa islands. According to BNPB reports as of 1 October 2018, the disaster impacts of Lombok Earthquake is summarized below.
Summary of current response