Iran/Iraq: Earthquake - Nov 2017
The 7.3 magnitude earthquake that hit Kermanshah Province, western Iran, on [12 October 2017], has so far claimed at least 407 lives and injured over 6,700 others. The epicenter of the quake was registered at 34.86 degrees latitude and 45.9 degrees longitude, at the depth of 11km, a shallow depth that can cause tremendous damage, in Ozgoleh region in Kermanshah Province. The huge jolt, which rocked western provinces of Iran and areas in the eastern Iraq, was also felt as far as Persian Gulf states Qatar and Kuwait in the south, the Occupied Palestine in the west, and Turkey in the north of the quake-stricken Iran and Iraq. It caused the biggest damage in Kermanshah, Qasr-e Shirin and Sarpol-e Zahab (about 15km from the Iraqi border) cities. (IRNA, 13 Nov 2017)
The deaths toll of the quake in the western part of Iran on Sunday Nov.12, 2017 remains the same as 436 with 7,817 injured. Sheltering emergency phase has been totally completed in affected cities and villages. So far, 664 aftershocks in Kermanshah have been registered, the biggest of which is 4.7 on the Richter scale. (Iranian Red Crescent, 19 Nov 2017)
As of 10 Dec, the Iranian Red Crescent Society has provided nearly 21,000 health, medical and rehabilitation services to the earthquake victims in the province of Kermanshah. These services, estimated at about 20,997 cases, include patient visits, medical emergencies, pregnancy services to pregnant women, physiotherapy and technical orthopedics. (Iranian Red Crescent, 10 Dec 2017)
On 12 November 2017 at 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northeast Iraq experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of approximately 7.2 – 7.5, according to European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja...There have been six reported fatalities and over 500 people injured in Iraq as a result of the earthquake. According to reports, four fatalities and approximately 80 injuries have occurred in Darbandikhan, including two critical injuries. Initial reports suggest the Darbandikhan area has been most severely impacted...The Mosul Dam is reportedly undamaged. However, the Darbandikhan Dam, a multi-purpose embankment on the Diyala river, is being assessed for damage today by the Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR), as local sources report that the dam was impacted by the landslides that that pushed heavy rocks and rubble onto the dam’s spillway. (OCHA, 13 Nov 2017)
According to national authorities, close to 10,000 people were injured, including 550 in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), as a result of the earthquake. In KRI, all critical cases were referred to Sulaymaniyah hospital, which is functioning. Humanitarian partners immediately sent medical staff, material, tents, and ambulances to support local capacity onsite. A joint damage and needs assessment mission was conducted by humanitarian partners including UNHCR on the day after in order to inform provision of assistance to the most vulnerable families in Sulaymaniyah. The KRG reports that the situation is now stable. The government is providing food, shelter and medical assistance, with the support of humanitarian actors. Approximately 1,840,000 people live with within 100 kilometres of the epicentre in both Iraq and Iran. (UNHCR, 20 Nov 2017)
In Iraq, a total of 108 school buildings were damaged, six of them badly. UNICEF will deliver 52 temporary learning spaces to affected communities to support continuation of education for over 3,800 students while more comprehensive repairs commence. Immediate WASH needs in affected areas are being met by the government, with UNICEF and WASH partners on standby. (UNICEF, 30 Nov 2017)
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Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
In the evening of Sunday 12 November 2017, the Governorate of Halabja region, North-East of Iraq experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of approximately 7.2-7.5, according to European Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). The epicentre of this earthquake was located 32kms from the city of Halabja. According to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), approximately 1,840,000 people were living within 100km of the epicentre of this earthquake in both Iraq and Iran.
By Denis McClean
KUALA LUMPUR, 12 February 2018 - Just five months after the September earthquakes which completely destroyed 60,000 homes, more than 30,000 have been rebuilt by affected families provided with cash and technical assistance from the Mexican authorities.
In a first for Mexico, the authorities restored hope to affected communities across seven states, by issuing a total of 170,000 debit cards which allowed each family to draw up to US$8,000 to rebuild or repair their homes, in the first such experiment by the Mexican government.
- The government of the Republic of Korea has decided to provide earthquake-hit Iran with 300,000 US dollars in humanitarian assistance through the Iranian Red Crescent Society.
Following the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) retaking of alQaim in western Anbar on 03 December, Iraqi Prime Minister Al-Abadi announced 10 December as a national holiday, Victory Day, celebrating ISF’s removal of the last Islamic State of the Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) stronghold in Iraq.
In November, WFP assisted 754,000 Iraqis governorates through the emergency operation and 57,000 Syrian refugees as part of the regional response. Additionally it distributed Immediate Response Rations to 71,000 people.
This report evaluates the impact of the natural disasters and extreme weather events that occurred worldwide during 2017 and provides an overview of global economic losses.
As many as 790,000 people were displaced between 16 and 28 December in Regions V, VI, VII, VIII, XIII and MIMAROPA due to Tropical Storm Urduja/Kai-Tak which made landfall in the Philippines on 12 December and exited on 19 December. A total of 418,000 people stayed in evacuation centres, while 372,000 people stayed with families and friends. As of 28 December, all evacuees had returned home (DROMIC, 4 Jan 2018).
On 12 November 2017, a magnitude 7.3 earthquake hit Kermanshah province of Western Iran, along the border with Iraq. More than 569 people are reported dead and 9,000 people are injured. Over 427,000 people are affected with numerous houses are damaged. Almost a thousand of aftershocks in the following weeks made the relief operation difficult and the emergency relief phase is expected to last for months until 2018.
Red Cross Actions
As host to some of the world’s biggest emergencies, the Eastern Mediterranean Region carries the largest burden of people in need of aid, with more than 76 million people directly or indirectly affected by political conflict, environmental threats, and natural disasters.
Fifty thousand relief booklets have been distributed by IRCS among earthquake affected people located in the province of Kermanshah and cash contribution will be donated from the public donations by IRCS to the families who have lost their familiy’s members during the earthquake.
Up to now, about IRR 600 billion of cash donation has been transferred to the IRCS bank account number in favor of the earthquake affected in Kermanshah province on Sunday, 12th November 2017. In addition to, the Iranian people provided the IRCS relief bases with 20.000 tons of food items.
An earthquake in north-eastern Iraq on 12 November reached 7.3 on the Richter scale. UNICEF provided technical support to needs assessments in affected areas with specific focus on education and WASH.
East Asia and Pacific
Affected areas: Aceh, Bali, Central Java, East Java, Lombok and North Sumatra
Cause of displacement: Disaster
Figures: More than 102,000 new displacements between 25 November and 13 December
The Iranian Red Crescent Society has provided nearly 21,000 health, medical and rehabilitation services to the earthquake victims in the province of Kermanshah.
These services, estimated at about 20,997 cases, include patient visits, medical emergencies, pregnancy services to pregnant women, physiotherapy and technical orthopedics.
The Iranian Red Crescent Society has been providing emergency services to earthquake victims since November 16.
Humanitarian community responds rapidly to earthquake affected areas of northeastern Iraq.
Some 16,500 people displaced locally or to camps in Anbar, Salah Al-Din and Ninewa since 26 October military operations.
Towns in Hawiga report return of 80 percent of pre-2014 populations.
UXO hazard decontamination needed.
Humanitarian access constraints in northern Iraq hamper delivery of humanitarian services.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On 12 November, a 7.3 magnitude earthquake hit the northern border region between Iran and Iraq.
• The earthquake hit at 21:18 local time (18:18 GMT) about 30 miles (19 km) southwest of Halabja, near the northeastern border with Iran.
• The earthquake occurred at a relatively shallow depth of 33.9 km (21.06 miles), and tremors were felt in Turkey, Israel, Kuwait, and the Gulf.
Iraq has endured years of disastrous conflict. Since 2014, 5.3 million children and adults in Iraq have been forced to leave their homes and seek shelter from the fighting. More than 2.2 million people have now returned home but years of conflict have severely impacted the health sector and the needs are great.
As the last remaining cities are re-taken from the IS, more and more people are returning home. MSF has observed an increased number of families leaving the camps.
- Despite the earthquake that shook northeast Iraq on November 12 and the protracted displacement situation across the country, markets have been mostly able to respond to the demand fluctuations and food price volatility.
- Food prices decreased by 1% across the country, but markets keep showing lower integration than in the summer.
- Prices in Kirkuk show extreme behaviour, but the overall costs of the minimum food basket decreased by 6% after months of surge.
- European Union Humanitarian Aid (ECHO) releases an additional 7 million Euros to support the continuity of emergency trauma and essential lifesaving primary and secondary health care services for people affected by conflict in Iraq.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) airlifted trauma kits and medical supplies to support the treatment of over 550 injured by the earthquake in Iran-Iraq border region. The supplies, enough to provide surgical care for up to 4000 trauma patients, were delivered to hospitals and other health facilities.