Mexico: Earthquakes - Sep 2017
According to the [BBC], an 8.1-magnitude earthquake on the Richter Scale struck off the Pacific Coast of Mexico--around 87km (54 miles) south-west of Pijijiapan--at 23:50 local time on Thursday, 7 September 2017 (04:50 [GMT] Friday). A tsunami warning was issued for Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras; however, it was later lifted. An estimated 50 million Mexicans felt the tremor per the Mexican government. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)
Search and rescue operations continue and the death toll, according to national authorities, has now reached 90, of which 71 are in the state of Oaxaca, 15 in the state of Chiapas and 4 in the state of Tabasco. According to media, as of 11 September at 6.30 UTC, thousands of houses have been damaged and over 2 million people have been affected in the country. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2017)
Shelter destruction and damage to health and education infrastructure is most notable. However, there are also risks of food shortages in Oaxaca in Mexico as stores remain closed and prices are increasing. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)
A magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck central and southern Mexico [on 19 September], killing more than 200 people, according to the government. Buildings in Mexico City and Puebla, near the quake’s epicentre, have collapsed, and there are reports of severe damage to infrastructure, including collapsed bridges. The Mexican Red Cross has deployed dozens of doctors and nurses, alongside more than 90 ambulances and its urban rescue unit. (IFRC, 20 Sep 2017)
UNICEF´s response plan on child protection has begun implementation in Oaxaca and Puebla. Chiapas and Morelos will start next week with the installation of child-friendly spaces. In spite of Government efforts and investment plans to help families recover from the earthquakes, in terms of social protection, there are no clearly targeted compensation plans for affected families. Financial subsidies will be given only to those who are classified to be under ‘patrimonial’ poverty, wherein they could receive up to USD$600 per household. UNICEF foresees the increase in the number of poor families, especially those which have lost their properties and other assets. Research, communication and advocacy efforts will be increased to propose targeted cash transfers in emergencies for families with children under 5 and for female-headed households (UNICEF, 29 Sep 2017)
The Ministry of Finance has confirmed the activation of the $150M Catastrophic Bonus by the World Bank, which will be transferred to the National Disaster Fund (FONDEN), for health, education and roads infrastructure/reconstruction purposes. The fund is approved following verifications conducted by the US Geological Survey. (UNICEF, 13 Oct 2017)
Reports from the Office of the President show an updated number of 184,000 households, 175 health facilities and 16,000 schools damaged by the 7 and 19 September earthquakes. Reconstruction has started in 4,000 schools, which means that 75% of severely damaged schools are yet to start demolition and rebuilding. More than 73,000 families in Chiapas and Oaxaca have received support for house reconstruction. (UNICEF, 10 Nov 2017)
In November, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams in Mexico City, Mexico State, Puebla, Oaxaca and Morelos concluded the medical, mental health and heath promotions activities that were launched in response to the emergency situations created by two major earthquakes in September.
MSF provided 1,544 medical care consultations and 1,450 mental health consultations, while our health promotion activities reached 6,000 people. The organisation distributed nearly 150 tarpaulins for shelter and 200 kits containing basic tools for cooking, hygiene, cover and, in some cases, specific products for babies and toddlers. MSF also donated about 20 tents in some of the most affected communities. (MSF, 8 Dec 2017)
Three months after the earthquakes, most children living in the most affected municipalities in the five states have gradually returned to school and to their normal lives. UNICEF has developed an Early Recovery Plan to be implemented between January and June 2018. This plan includes actions on Education, Child Protection, Social Inclusion, Health and Nutrition, and WASH. Also, after several demands from the respective local governments, UNICEF ́s action in the early recovery phase will expand to the State of Mexico and Guerrero, also affected by the earthquakes. (UNICEF, 19 Dec 2017)
The Mexican Red Cross has sent more than 4,507 tons of humanitarian aid for the September earthquakes to the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas, Puebla, Morelos, Guerrero, CDMX, Estado de México and Tlaxcala, which has benefited more than one million 126 a thousand people. This humanitarian aid has been distributed among 661 communities that were affected. (Mexican Red Cross, 21 Dec 2017)
On 16 February another earthquake (magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale) hit Mexico, with epicentre in Pinotepa, Oaxaca at 17:39. Up to 19 February, this earthquake had one replica above 6 and 2,140 below that magnitude. (Source: http://www.ssn.unam.mx/sismicidad/reportes-especiales/)
• Four months after the earthquakes, the majority of children living in the most affected municipalities included in the immediate response phase have gradually returned to school and to their normal lives.
I.THREE MONTHS IN REVIEW WHAT HAS HAPPENED?
On 7 and 19 September, 2017 Mexico was struck by two earthquakes of 8.2 and 7.1 magnitude on the Richter scale, respectively. The main affected states were Oaxaca, Chiapas, Mexico City, Puebla and Morelos. An estimated 7 million children live in these 5 states.
Three months after the earthquakes, most children living in the most affected municipalities in the five states have gradually returned to school and to their normal lives.
· The Minister of Education informed they already received the required budget (USD1.5 billion) to repair or reconstruct approximately 16,000 schools. (Source: SEP. 16 Nov)
Reports from the Office of the President show an updated number of 184,000 households, 175 health facilities and 16,000 schools damaged by the 7 and 19 September earthquakes. Reconstruction has started in 4,000 schools, which means that 75% of severely damaged schools are yet to start demolition and rebuilding. More than 73,000 families in Chiapas and Oaxaca have received support for house reconstruction. (Source: Presidency. 7 November)
I. A MONTH IN REVIEW WHAT HAS HAPPENED?
On 7 and 19 September, 2017 Mexico was struck by two earthquakes of 8.2 and 7.1 magnitude on the Richter scale, respectively. The five main affected states were: Oaxaca, Chiapas, Mexico City, Puebla and Morelos. An estimated 7 million children live in these 5 states.
The Ministry of Finance has confirmed the activation of the $150M Catastrophic Bonus by the World Bank, which will be transferred to the National Disaster Fund (FONDEN), for health, education and roads infrastructure/reconstruction purposes. The fund is approved following verifications conducted by the US Geological Survey. (Source: SHCP, 10 Oct)
Search and rescue activities are now concluded. Government efforts are focused on reconstruction and continued response to the affected populations.
Final data reports 369 deaths, including 10 foreigners. Out of 228 deaths in Mexico City, 29 were children. (Source: Protección Civil. Oct.4)
4 million students from 10 affected states will be temporary relocated in other schools. (Source: SEP).
Este reporte es elaborado por el Sistema de Naciones Unidas en México, en colaboración con socios humanitarios con presencia en el país; los datos utilizados corresponden al Reporte Preliminar EDAN de Protección Civil del 02.10.2017, Hrs. 14:00. Este Reporte cubre el periodo del 26 de septiembre al 03 de octubre del 2017.
• Movilización de recursos y trabajo conjunto de los actores humanitarios, incluyendo acciones en los sectores de recuperación temprana y de protección.
Government efforts are focusing on reconstruction and continued response to the affected populations. Oaxaca and Chiapas have finalized survey of damages and losses. People in these states will receive electronic cash for house reconstruction or purchase of construction materials.(Source: Presidencia de la República.27.09)
The two earthquakes have resulted in 12,931 schools damaged in 9 states, of which 600 are severely damaged. (Source: SEP. 27.09)
Fatalities from the September 19 earthquake increase to at least 355 people
USAID demobilizes DART for the Mexico earthquake response; USAR team prepares to depart Mexico
USAID/OFDA provides a total of nearly $3 million in emergency assistance to support the earthquake response in Mexico
This report has been created by the United Nations System, in collaboration with humanitarian partners present in country and based on the information available. This report covers the period of the 22nd to the 26th of September 2017.
Since the earthquake on 19th September, 15 search and rescue teams have been active; 5 national and 10 international.
Fatalities from the September 19 earthquake increase to at least 337 people
DART USAR team conducts structural assessments, remains prepared to support emergency operations as needed
GoM coordinates countrywide emergency response efforts, demobilization of some USAR teams
● Desde el día del sismo se activaron 15 equipos de Búsqueda y Rescate cinco nacionales y diez internacionales.
● Si bien continúan las operaciones, se ha comenzado el proceso de desmovilización. A la fecha mantienen operaciones los equipos de Costa Rica, Estados Unidos, Colombia, Israel y España y se han desmovilizado los equipos de Panamá, Ecuador, Japón, Honduras y El Salvador.
Ayacucho: Distritos de Pacaycasa y Quinua soportaron lluvias extremas las últimas 24 horas
To date, both earthquakes have resulted to 407 casualties, 190,000 buildings and 10,000 schools damaged in 8 states. (Source: Reforma.24.09 and El Financiero 25.09)
The Ministry of Education has announced an 8 step plan for a gradual return to school. All public schools need to be officially certified for safety conditions in the buildings to reopen.
The Ministry of Education has announced UNICEF’s support in schools to help students deal with their fear or trauma. (El Financiero 25.09)
Sismo de 4.6 grados sacudió el sur de Ica durante la madrugada
Un sismo de regular intensidad se registró esta madrugada en la ciudad de Ica, sin reportarse hasta el momento daños personales o materiales, informó el Instituto Geofísico del Perú (IGP) al COEN DEFENSA.
El movimiento telúrico de 4.6 grados en la escala de Richter se sintió a la 1:39 de la madrugada y su epicentro se ubicó a 48 kilómetros al sur del distrito de Ica, con una profundidad de 51 kilómetros.
Fatalities from the September 19 earthquake increase to at least 325 people
The DART USAR team remains prepared to support additional emergency interventions and structural assessments in Mexico City, as needed
GoM coordinates emergency response efforts, providing shelter, food, and other assistance
As of 22 September, total number of deaths is 302 in Mexico City (142), Morelos (97), Puebla (43), State of Mexico (13) and Guerrero (6). (Source: Animal Politico)
2,247 schools affected in: Mexico City (240), Puebla (934), Tlaxcala (260), State of Mexico (600), Morelos (48), Guerrero (93) and Hidalgo (72). 5,092 schools affected by 7 and 19 September earthquakes. (Source: SEP).
Classes are suspended in Mexico City, Puebla and Morelos until 25 September