Mexico: Earthquakes - Sep 2017
According to the [BBC], an 8.1-magnitude earthquake on the Richter Scale struck off the Pacific Coast of Mexico--around 87km (54 miles) south-west of Pijijiapan--at 23:50 local time on Thursday, 7 September 2017 (04:50 [GMT] Friday). A tsunami warning was issued for Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras; however, it was later lifted. An estimated 50 million Mexicans felt the tremor per the Mexican government. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)
Search and rescue operations continue and the death toll, according to national authorities, has now reached 90, of which 71 are in the state of Oaxaca, 15 in the state of Chiapas and 4 in the state of Tabasco. According to media, as of 11 September at 6.30 UTC, thousands of houses have been damaged and over 2 million people have been affected in the country. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2017)
Shelter destruction and damage to health and education infrastructure is most notable. However, there are also risks of food shortages in Oaxaca in Mexico as stores remain closed and prices are increasing. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)
A magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck central and southern Mexico [on 19 September], killing more than 200 people, according to the government. Buildings in Mexico City and Puebla, near the quake’s epicentre, have collapsed, and there are reports of severe damage to infrastructure, including collapsed bridges. The Mexican Red Cross has deployed dozens of doctors and nurses, alongside more than 90 ambulances and its urban rescue unit. (IFRC, 20 Sep 2017)
UNICEF´s response plan on child protection has begun implementation in Oaxaca and Puebla. Chiapas and Morelos will start next week with the installation of child-friendly spaces. In spite of Government efforts and investment plans to help families recover from the earthquakes, in terms of social protection, there are no clearly targeted compensation plans for affected families. Financial subsidies will be given only to those who are classified to be under ‘patrimonial’ poverty, wherein they could receive up to USD$600 per household. UNICEF foresees the increase in the number of poor families, especially those which have lost their properties and other assets. Research, communication and advocacy efforts will be increased to propose targeted cash transfers in emergencies for families with children under 5 and for female-headed households (UNICEF, 29 Sep 2017)
The Ministry of Finance has confirmed the activation of the $150M Catastrophic Bonus by the World Bank, which will be transferred to the National Disaster Fund (FONDEN), for health, education and roads infrastructure/reconstruction purposes. The fund is approved following verifications conducted by the US Geological Survey. (UNICEF, 13 Oct 2017)
Reports from the Office of the President show an updated number of 184,000 households, 175 health facilities and 16,000 schools damaged by the 7 and 19 September earthquakes. Reconstruction has started in 4,000 schools, which means that 75% of severely damaged schools are yet to start demolition and rebuilding. More than 73,000 families in Chiapas and Oaxaca have received support for house reconstruction. (UNICEF, 10 Nov 2017)
In November, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams in Mexico City, Mexico State, Puebla, Oaxaca and Morelos concluded the medical, mental health and heath promotions activities that were launched in response to the emergency situations created by two major earthquakes in September.
MSF provided 1,544 medical care consultations and 1,450 mental health consultations, while our health promotion activities reached 6,000 people. The organisation distributed nearly 150 tarpaulins for shelter and 200 kits containing basic tools for cooking, hygiene, cover and, in some cases, specific products for babies and toddlers. MSF also donated about 20 tents in some of the most affected communities. (MSF, 8 Dec 2017)
Three months after the earthquakes, most children living in the most affected municipalities in the five states have gradually returned to school and to their normal lives. UNICEF has developed an Early Recovery Plan to be implemented between January and June 2018. This plan includes actions on Education, Child Protection, Social Inclusion, Health and Nutrition, and WASH. Also, after several demands from the respective local governments, UNICEF ́s action in the early recovery phase will expand to the State of Mexico and Guerrero, also affected by the earthquakes. (UNICEF, 19 Dec 2017)
The Mexican Red Cross has sent more than 4,507 tons of humanitarian aid for the September earthquakes to the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas, Puebla, Morelos, Guerrero, CDMX, Estado de México and Tlaxcala, which has benefited more than one million 126 a thousand people. This humanitarian aid has been distributed among 661 communities that were affected. (Mexican Red Cross, 21 Dec 2017)
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The Latin America and Caribbean region is increasingly impacted by natural disasters as well as population movements. In 2017, more than 15.6 million people - including 8 million children were affected by natural disasters. Hurricanes resulted in aggravating the humanitarian situation of more than 1.4 million people in Cuba, Haiti and the Eastern Caribbean islands. Mexico was severely hit by two major earthquakes in September 2017, while floods and landslides further exacerbated the needs of vulnerable children and their families in Colombia and Peru.
Retos y cambios
El 2017 fue un año turbulento para la respuesta humanitaria en América Latina y el Caribe. La seguridad y estabilidad de millones de personas fue puesta en peligro por desastres y emergencias mientras que el sector de asistencia humani-taria se sometió a un proceso intenso de reevaluar su propósito, sus prácticas y financiamiento.
Challenges and changes
2017 was a tumultuous year for humanitarian response in Latin America and the Caribbean. The safety, security and stability of millions of people in the region was compromised by disasters and emergencies, while the humanitarian aid sector underwent a re-evaluation of its purpose, practices and financing.
By Denis McClean
KUALA LUMPUR, 12 February 2018 - Just five months after the September earthquakes which completely destroyed 60,000 homes, more than 30,000 have been rebuilt by affected families provided with cash and technical assistance from the Mexican authorities.
In a first for Mexico, the authorities restored hope to affected communities across seven states, by issuing a total of 170,000 debit cards which allowed each family to draw up to US$8,000 to rebuild or repair their homes, in the first such experiment by the Mexican government.
Geneva, Switzerland, 6 February 2018
Distinguished guests, colleagues, ladies and gentlemen.
It is my pleasure to welcome you to the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Advisory Board Annual Meeting. Today, we will celebrate the achievements of UNDAC as it marks its 25th Anniversary this year. We will discuss how we can further strengthen UNDAC to ensure that it continues to be a nimble, effective international emergency response mechanism in a fast-evolving operational environment.
This report evaluates the impact of the natural disasters and extreme weather events that occurred worldwide during 2017 and provides an overview of global economic losses.
-La Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (AECID) aportó, en 2017, más de 40 millones de euros de ayuda dirigida a las poblaciones más vulnerables afectadas por crisis humanitarias
-La Ayuda Humanitaria española atendió también en 2017 las crisis alimentarias en Nigeria, Somalia, Sudán del Sur y Yemen, a poblaciones refugiadas y a las afectadas por huracanes e inundaciones y por el terremoto de México.
Regional Office 2018 Requirements: US$10,565,000
Durante el año 2017 se registraron más de 2 mil incidentes a nivel nacional a los que instituciones que forman parte del Sistema de la Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres –CONRED-, dieron respuesta. Por dichos incidentes se reportan 696 mil 97 personas afectadas, 4 desaparecidas, 104 heridos y 45 personas fallecidas. Las principales emergencias ocurridas en el 2017 fueron los sismos del 14 y 22 de junio, así como 7 de septiembre; sin olvidar los daños durante la temporada de lluvias.
Constantes lluvias provocan inundaciones en el Territorio Nacional
Durante el mes de octubre Voluntarios de Cruz Roja Guatemalteca realizaron monitoreos y evaluaciones de daños, en comunidades de los departamentos de Alta Verapaz, Escuintla, Izabal, Quetzaltenango, Retalhuleu y Suchitepéquez, las cuales fueron afectadas por las constantes lluvias que provocaron inundaciones afectando a varias familias.
Subsecretaria General de la ONU y Directora del PNUD para América Latina y el Caribe
El mundo marca dos días internacionales claves este mes: uno para la Erradicación de la Pobreza el 17 de octubre y otro para la Reducción de Desastres, cuatro días antes. No es coincidencia que estén profundamente conectados.
Antigua and Barbuda
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT
About 1,400 new displacements between 7 and 8 September
La carretera entre Oaxaca y Puebla, en Huajapan reabre paso a la circulación. • Carretera Oaxaca-Puerto Ángel, con paso normal • CAPUFE mantiene paso libre en autopistas a ayuda humanitaria; se restablece el peaje a vehículos y usuarios cotidianos
La carretera límite entre Puebla y Oaxaca EC. Huajuapan (125) registró afectaciones por derrumbes y deslaves, que se atendieron desde el primer momento y ya se reabrió a la circulación.
El deslave se registró en el kilómetro 74+100, por lo que se procedió al relleno del terraplén y ya hay paso vehicular.
Sismo de 4.6 grados sacudió el sur de Ica durante la madrugada
Un sismo de regular intensidad se registró esta madrugada en la ciudad de Ica, sin reportarse hasta el momento daños personales o materiales, informó el Instituto Geofísico del Perú (IGP) al COEN DEFENSA.
El movimiento telúrico de 4.6 grados en la escala de Richter se sintió a la 1:39 de la madrugada y su epicentro se ubicó a 48 kilómetros al sur del distrito de Ica, con una profundidad de 51 kilómetros.
La prioridad actual es atender a los sectores vulnerados por las recientes afectaciones: Betancourt Esponda
Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas.- El Gobierno del Estado a través de la Secretaría de Obra Pública y Comunicaciones (SOPyC) atiende permanentemente las afectaciones por el sismo y las recientes lluvias en Chiapas, activando cuadrillas que trabajan día y noche en las zonas vulneradas.
On 7 September, an 8.1 magnitude earthquake struck Mexico’s southern Pacific Coast, about 8km southwest of Pijijiapan in Chiapas state. A related 7.6 earthquake occurred in Guatemala the same evening. Aftershocks were still being reported in Mexico as of 10 September.