Mexico/Guatemala: Earthquake - Sep 2017Ongoing
According to the [BBC], an 8.1-magnitude earthquake on the Richter Scale struck off the Pacific Coast of Mexico--around 87km (54 miles) south-west of Pijijiapan--at 23:50 local time on Thursday, 7 September 2017 (04:50 [GMT] Friday). A tsunami warning was issued for Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras; however, it was later lifted. An estimated 50 million Mexicans felt the tremor per the Mexican government. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)
Search and rescue operations continue and the death toll, according to national authorities, has now reached 90, of which 71 are in the state of Oaxaca, 15 in the state of Chiapas and 4 in the state of Tabasco. According to media, as of 11 September at 6.30 UTC, thousands of houses have been damaged and over 2 million people have been affected in the country. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2017)
Shelter destruction and damage to health and education infrastructure is most notable. However, there are also risks of food shortages in Oaxaca in Mexico as stores remain closed and prices are increasing. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)
On 3 October, The President of the Republic toured the municipality of Asunción Ixtaltepec in the state of Oaxaca. In this municipality began the formal stage of reconstruction of houses and economic revival. In this way, the delivery of support began to those who had partial or total affectation in their homes because of the September 7 earthquake. In total, More than 7 billion pesos will be used to rebuild housing in Chiapas and Oaxaca. (Gov't of Mexico, 3 Oct 2017)
In spite of Government efforts and investment plans to help families recover from the earthquakes, there are no clear targeted compensation plans for the affected population. Particularly in Oaxaca, a state with high numbers of indigenous population and high prevalence of poverty, UNICEF identifies concrete challenges on protection and hygiene issues. (UNICEF, 19 Oct 2017)
According to a report from Guatemala’s Ministry of Foreign Relations, a 7.7-magnitude earthquake shook various departments in the country at 22:49 local time (04:49 GMT) for 1 and 33 seconds; the earthquake’s epicentre was 203 km to the west of San Marcos, with a profundity of 10 km. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)
Ongoing floods in Guatemala and recent mudslides in Mexico create additional vulnerabilities. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)
The Government of Guatemala stated that the damage assessments and needs analysis of affected areas continue and that identified 18,810 people as affected by the disaster and damages to 2,570 houses for now. The assessments were developed by entities that are part of the System of the National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED). (Gov't of Guatemala, 12 Sep 2017)
The department of San Marcos has been declared on red alert to be of service to the more than 10,600 affected by the 7.7 Richter scale earthquake that was registered in Guatemala. According to Conred's report, there were 205 incidents in San Marcos, which left 4 injured, 10,615 people affected, 1,752 victims, 714 homes with severe damage, of which 94 houses, 21 schools, 4 highways, 10 buildings and 5 churches affected. (Gov't of Guatemala, 13 Sep 2017)
Following the 7 September earthquake, 41 municipalities of the State of Oaxaca report damages, with over 20 939 houses, 241 schools and 16 hospitals presented as severely damaged. The population of concern is composed of 49 875 people. In Chiapas, 81 municipalities are affected, with 18 826 houses and 48 hospitals severely damaged. The total number of people in shelters is 6 057 (mostly in Oaxaca).
Following the 8.2 earthquake of 8 September near the southwestern coasts of Chiapas, a team of two field experts from DG ECHO Managua has been deployed to the two most severely stricken states (Chiapas and Oaxaca) to conduct an assessment mission.
While field assessments are still ongoing, first findings indicate that the most affected areas are located in Oaxaca, with at least 1900 communities affected (more than 800 000 people). 13 official shelters have been opened and are hosting 7033 people.
Search and rescue operations continue and the death toll, according to national authorities, has now reached 90, of which 71 are in the state of Oaxaca, 15 in the state of Chiapas and 4 in the state of Tabasco.
According to media, as of 11 September at 6.30 UTC, thousands of houses have been damaged and over 2 million people have been affected in the country.
The death toll of the 8.1 M magnitude earthquake that occurred near the southwestern coasts of Chiapas State on 8 September 4.49 UTC at a depth of 70 km, has now reached 61 fatalities. Chiapas and Oaxaca are the states where most damages have been registered; in particular, the municipality of Juchitán where most of the victims occurred. At this stage, no critical needs are being confirmed or identified by the government or the UN.
An earthquake of magnitude 8 M at a depth of 35 km occurred near the southwestern coasts of Chiapas State on 8 September at 4.49 UTC. The epicentre was located approx. 96 km southwest of Pijijiapan city (population 15 400 people). USGS PAGER estimated a shaking up to "Severe" for 161 000 people and up to "Very Strong" for 920 000 people.