Mexico/Guatemala: Earthquake - Sep 2017Ongoing
According to the [BBC], an 8.1-magnitude earthquake on the Richter Scale struck off the Pacific Coast of Mexico--around 87km (54 miles) south-west of Pijijiapan--at 23:50 local time on Thursday, 7 September 2017 (04:50 [GMT] Friday). A tsunami warning was issued for Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras; however, it was later lifted. An estimated 50 million Mexicans felt the tremor per the Mexican government. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)
Search and rescue operations continue and the death toll, according to national authorities, has now reached 90, of which 71 are in the state of Oaxaca, 15 in the state of Chiapas and 4 in the state of Tabasco. According to media, as of 11 September at 6.30 UTC, thousands of houses have been damaged and over 2 million people have been affected in the country. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2017)
Shelter destruction and damage to health and education infrastructure is most notable. However, there are also risks of food shortages in Oaxaca in Mexico as stores remain closed and prices are increasing. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)
On 3 October, The President of the Republic toured the municipality of Asunción Ixtaltepec in the state of Oaxaca. In this municipality began the formal stage of reconstruction of houses and economic revival. In this way, the delivery of support began to those who had partial or total affectation in their homes because of the September 7 earthquake. In total, More than 7 billion pesos will be used to rebuild housing in Chiapas and Oaxaca. (Gov't of Mexico, 3 Oct 2017)
In spite of Government efforts and investment plans to help families recover from the earthquakes, there are no clear targeted compensation plans for the affected population. Particularly in Oaxaca, a state with high numbers of indigenous population and high prevalence of poverty, UNICEF identifies concrete challenges on protection and hygiene issues. (UNICEF, 19 Oct 2017)
According to a report from Guatemala’s Ministry of Foreign Relations, a 7.7-magnitude earthquake shook various departments in the country at 22:49 local time (04:49 GMT) for 1 and 33 seconds; the earthquake’s epicentre was 203 km to the west of San Marcos, with a profundity of 10 km. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)
Ongoing floods in Guatemala and recent mudslides in Mexico create additional vulnerabilities. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)
The Government of Guatemala stated that the damage assessments and needs analysis of affected areas continue and that identified 18,810 people as affected by the disaster and damages to 2,570 houses for now. The assessments were developed by entities that are part of the System of the National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED). (Gov't of Guatemala, 12 Sep 2017)
The department of San Marcos has been declared on red alert to be of service to the more than 10,600 affected by the 7.7 Richter scale earthquake that was registered in Guatemala. According to Conred's report, there were 205 incidents in San Marcos, which left 4 injured, 10,615 people affected, 1,752 victims, 714 homes with severe damage, of which 94 houses, 21 schools, 4 highways, 10 buildings and 5 churches affected. (Gov't of Guatemala, 13 Sep 2017)
Un terremoto de magnitud 8,1 en la escala de Richter sacudió el territorio mexicano cerca de la medianoche del jueves provocando la muerte de al menos cinco personas y un número no determinado de casas y edificios dañados o derribados.
A diferencia de la magnitud establecida por el Servicio Geológico de Estados Unidos, el presidente Enrique Peña dijo que el temblor fue de 8,2, lo cual lo convirtió en el mayor en al menos 100 años.