Indonesia: Earthquake - Dec 2016
A 6.4 magnitude earthquake has struck off Pidie Jaya district, province of Aceh in Sumatra Island, Indonesia, around 05:00h local time, on 7 December 2016, killing at least 90 people and damaging more than 200 houses. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the quake was centred 17 kilometres northeast of Pidie Jaya – around 121 km southeast of Banda Aceh – and had a depth of 10 km. Indonesia’s agency for meteorology climatology and geophysics (BMKG) indicated that there was no risk of a tsunami. (IFRC, 7 Dec 2016)
On 7 December, the Governor of Aceh set disaster emergency status to Emergency Response Disaster for 14 days (December 7 to 20, 2016)...The emergency response period is valid for three districts namely Pidie Jaya district, Pidie and Bireuen. (Govt. Indonesia/BMPB, 7 Dec 2016)
On 9 December, the National Disaster Management Authority of Indonesia (BNPB) reported that the death toll stood at 103 people, mostly from Pidie Jaya district. The agency reported 139 people severely injured and 616 individuals with minor injuries. At least 2,929 houses were heavily damaged, along with 49 mosques, 139 shop houses, two roads and one bridge. The total number of displaced stood at 12,017 people. (ASEAN, 9 Dec 2016)
On 12 December, the BNPB revised its death toll to 101 people, with 93 bodies positively identified. (ASEAN, 12 Dec 2016)
On 15 December, the BNPB reported the death toll to be 103 people, with 96 bodies positively identified. The agency reported that a total of 780 individuals were injured and 86,417 people displaced. Damages to infrastructure included 9,157 houses, 358 shop houses, 104 mosques, 17 school facilities, and 83 bridges. (ASEAN, 15 Dec 2016)
As of 18 December, at least 103 people had died due to the earthquake, with 100 bodies positively identified, according to the BNPB. The agency reported that 19,130 houses were damaged and 387 people remained hospitalized in three affected districts. The emergency response period is slated to end by 20 December 2016. (ASEAN, 19 Dec 2016)
As of 20 December, the death toll had reached 104, while damages had been revised to include 18,752 houses in total. A total of 85,256 people were staying in evacuation locations in Pidie Jaya district. (ASEAN, 21 Dec 2016)
On 22 December, the European Union announced it would make available € 200 000 (IDR 2, 870,856,000) to help the Indonesian Red Cross Society provide emergency assistance to the most affected communities. The aid will target 5000 people in the heavily-hit northern municipalities of Bireuen, Pidie and Pidie Jaya. (ECHO, 22 Dec 2016)
As of 12 January 2017, the Indonesian Red Cross, or PMI, had started early recovery operations focused on health, shelter and livelihoods. This will include cash transfer programs and assistance through the distribution of clean water, improved water sources, cleaning and drilling of wells, mobile health services and psychosocial support. (PMI, 12 Jan 2017)
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
BANDA ACEH – Aceh Disaster Management Agency (BPBA) formed the rehabilitation and reconstruction acceleration team after the earthquake hit Pidie, Pidie Jaya and Bireuen on December 7, 2016. The information about the formation was delivered by Head in Charge of BPBA Yusmadi in a coordination meeting on rehabilitation and reconstruction in post disaster of earthquake in the three regencies two days ago (16/8) in Banda Aceh, Aceh. The Minister of BNPB Willem Rampangilei, the Secretary General Dody Ruswandi, and Deputy of Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Harmensyah attended the meeting.
PIDIE JAYA – Rehabilitation and reconstruction fund after Aceh earthquake in 2016 (Regency of Pidie, Pidie Jaya and Bireuen) as many as Rp 626,3 billion has disbursed. It was delivered by Minister of National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) Willem Rampangilei as he visited Pidie Jaya for accelerating rehabilitation and reconstruction in post disaster of Aceh earthquake.
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Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
This update is to inform budget revision and progress of the operation. The main changes include an increase in terms of extension of geographical reach and duration of the water trucking activities as well as the geographical reach and duration of the psychosocial support for earthquake survivers. Note that the operation timeframe and overall budget remain unchanged. The budget revision is triggered by:
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, with a population of over 252 million people spread across some 18,000 islands. The country is one of the most disaster-prone in the world, regularly experiencing weather-related calamities and more earthquakes per year than any other country on earth.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action
The Government of Indonesia has identified a total of 250 villages that are mostly affected from three districts (Bireuen, Pidie and Pidie Jaya) and PMI has decided to focus its assistance on 60 of those villages for recovery support. PMI has raised around CHF 2 million (almost 50% from IFRC including DREF and DFAT funding) for this operation. The operation covers health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, shelter and livelihood.
Through the Country Programme (CP), WFP will contribute to the Government’s plans to reduce food insecurity for 11 million Indonesians, improve nutrition and strengthen emergency preparedness.
In 2016 WFP completed its transition from direct distribution of food to strengthening the government’s programmes for food security analysis, school meals, social protection and emergency preparedness.
Earthquake - Indonesia
Humanitarian assistance provided:
Provide clean water, emergency shelter kits, cleaning supplies and hygiene kits
Pidie Jaya, Aceh: The crack starts near the door and cuts to the back wall through dusty tiles, a distance of some six or seven metres.
Considering the wreckage just a stone’s throw away – where homes lie in ruins, schools in piles of debris – the crack, which teachers at MIN Pangwa Islamic elementary school describe as the worst of the earthquake damage, might seem almost trivial.
But to Rajwa, 10, a fifth grade student, it is a kind of trigger -- a frightening reminder of an event that killed two of his classmates and forced his family from their home for weeks.
The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) started early recovery activities to help the people of Aceh were hit by an earthquake Aceh Pidie Jaya. This activity is carried after a disaster emergency response, which expired last December 2016. PMI early recovery operations are focused on two activities, namely the recovery of livelihoods and people's homes through cash transfer programs (CTP) and the health of citizens.
In December 2016, twelve years after the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, Aceh was once again struck by an earthquake. However, over the past decade the landscape of responders has evolved and changed and there is need for better understanding of new actors to strengthen coordination during disasters.
On this edition:
- ASEAN supports Pidie Jaya EQ relief efforts
- How to respond during earthquake
- Story from the ground, as told by an ASEAN-ERAT Members from Malaysia
December 7, 2016 at 05:03 WIB a strong earthquake with a magnitude 6.5 hit the Aceh province in Sumatra Island of Indonesia. The shock was reported to be at a depth of 8.2 km and the epicenter was located near the village of Reuleut in Pidie-Jaya regency. It is located about 164km (102mile) southeast of the province's capital, Banda Aceh. At least 102 people died in the quake, with at least 1,000 people injured and many more were forced to evacuate.