Afghanistan/Pakistan: Earthquake - Oct 2015
Around 13:40 local time (UTC +4:30) on 26 October 2015, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck Badakhshan Province in the north-east region of Afghanistan. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the quake’s epicentre was 82 km southeast of Feyzabad in the Hindu Kush mountain range and 213 km in depth. The quakes impact was felt beyond Afghanistan as damages and casualties have been reported in the western part of Pakistan while minor damage occurred in India. (IFRC, 2 Nov 2015)
Preliminary reports from the Pakistan National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) indicate 272 deaths, 2,152 people injured and 25,367 houses damaged across the country.(IFRC, 3 Nov 2015)
In Afghanistan, Assessment reports indicate 117 deaths, 544 people injured, 12,794 homes damaged and 7,384 houses destroyed. Furthermore, 136,967 people are still in need of humanitarian assistance, of which 131,345 people have received some form of assistance so far date. More than 51,000 people were affected in Badakhshan alone, where property damage was most extensive. The earthquake claimed the most lives and caused the most casualties in Kunar and Nangarhar provinces. Access remains the most significant challenge in providing assistance to people in need and is an issue reaching at least 194 villages affected by the earthquake. (IFRC, 15 Dec 2015)
“Integrated Context Analysis” tool to rank vulnerability launched.
Women in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) receive livestock management training.
Roll-out WFP’s stunting prevention model.
Punjab food safety laboratories assessed to meet food rules and regulations.
WFP supporting FAO on cash-based transfers.
Community Based Disaster Risk Management – preparedness training updates.
PESHAWAR: The Chitral Scouts stopped members of the Dawn Relief Earthquake Welfare Organisation, also known simply as Dawn Relief, from entering the calamity-hit area of Churan Oveer over the latter’s failure to produce a no-objection certificate (NOC), said a press release on Thursday.
Some personnel of the Chitral Scouts stopped a team from Dawn Relief — which was established by the Dawn Media Group in late 2005 — at the Koragh check post near Churan Oveer on Aug 24 and asked its chief to show them an NOC issued by the authorities concerned.
On 26 October 2015, a powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck Jurm district in Afghanistan’s Badakhshan province. 1 By 3 November 2015, at least 15 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces had verified damage reports with the north-eastern region being the most severely impacted. 2 Badakhshan and Baghlan provinces suffered the most serious damage; however, there were reports of severely damaged and destroyed homes as far south as Kabul, and even Khost, provinces.
In October 2015, a 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck Badakhshan province, leaving over a hundred dead and tens of thousands displaced across Afghanistan’s most mountainous region. The earthquake struck during the lead up to winter, which only exacerbated the need to provide immediate winterized shelter assistance.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2017 wheat crop production
Above-average production for 2016 summer cereal crops estimated
Rice exports expected to increase in 2016
Prices of wheat and wheat flour strengthened in recent months
Localized food insecurity persists
Favourable prospects for 2017 wheat crop production
The Natural Disasters Consortium (NDC) comprising IOM, FAO, UNICEF, ACTED and HANDS completed year one of its operations. During this year, the NDC responded to the 2015 floods and earthquake, launched related recovery activities, and implemented residual recovery interventions for communities affected by disasters in earlier years. Year 1 key achievements for preparedness, response and recovery are captured below:
In preparation for future disasters, the Consortium is:
Description of the disaster
A massive earthquake of 7.5 magnitude struck North West Pakistan on 26 October 2015, leaving at least 280 people dead and injuring over 1,773 people. The quake was also felt in the neighbouring countries of the region. The epicentre of the earthquake was in neighbouring Afghanistan in a remote part of Hindu Kush range at a depth of 212 kilometre.
Telepsychiatry sessions between doctors in Karachi and villagers in the north mean distance is no issue.
In March 2015, floods ravaged the small village of Charun Oveer, tucked way beside Chitral. All the turbines — the only source of electricity for the village – were destroyed. Seven months later in October, a 7.5 earthquake hit the same region, and the village saw its houses turn to rubble.
· In 2016, UNICEF humanitarian support continued for displaced and returning families in KP & FATA, and children and women affected by drought in Sindh.
· Over 151, 000 families (50 per cent of displaced population) have returned to government declared safe areas in FATA since March 2015. 45,000 families returned in the first half of 2016.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster Around 13:40 local time (UTC +4:30) on 26 October 2015, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck Badakhshan province in the north-east region of Afghanistan. Badakhshan, Nangarhar, Baghlan and Kunar provinces were ranked the most affected provinces. The Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) coordinated the initial assessments in partnership with in-country humanitarian partners.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
The Education Cluster planned to support the education of 204,000 children of which 93,840 girls in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA during 2016.
By March 2016, the cluster managed to reach 51,952 children including 20,678 girls in camps, off-camps and in areas of return in KP and FATA.
The Education Cluster is developing a monsoon contingency plan 2016 for effective and efficient humanitarian preparedness and response.
Most remaining IDPs are expected to return to FATA in 2016.
With over 1.5 million remain- ing registered Afghan refu- gees, Pakistan constitutes the world’s largest protracted refugee situation.
Female-headed households have more dif culty access- ing assistance due to a lack of documentation and cultural restrictions.
Displacement and natural disasters compound already high rates of food insecurity in Pakistan.
Snapshot 16 – 22 March
Somalia: On 15 March Al Shabaab moved into Puntland and seized control of Garad, a port town. In the following days Al Shabaab captured another coastal town in Nugaal region and attacked a security checkpoint near Bosaso. Most of the residents are reported to have fled the area. Al Shabaab has previously been active in Puntland, but generally around its base of the Galgala Mountains, west of Bosaso, and it has not attempted to take territory.
Snapshot 9 – 15 March
Yemen: Insecurity in Aden is increasing, with attacks carried out on civilian targets. At least 150 people have been reported killed in the past three months, including at least 50 in March. Humanitarian actors have increasing difficulty to carry out operations. In Taizz, the west of the city has been taken by pro-Hadi forces after heavy fighting: fighting for the east continues.
The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 68/11 and Security Council resolution 2210 (2015), in which I was requested to report every three months on developments in Afghanistan.
Conflict related civilian casualties
FEWS NET agroclimatic outlook and analysis
DACAAR WASH project in Kunar, Nangarhar and Paktya Provinces
PIN cash grants help earthquake-affected families in Baghlan Province survive the winter
Bamyan Province winter distributions
Goodbye CHF, hello AHF
Civilian casualties: a new high in 2015
UN report calls for urgent actions to tackle rising urban disasters in Asia-Pacific