Japan: Earthquake and Tsunami - Mar 2011
On 11 Mar 2011, a massive tsunami was triggered by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in northeast Japan, causing widespread destruction. The tsunami was up to 30 meters high and inundated 433,000 square kilometers of land. 492,000 people were evacuated, 11,600 were killed and 16,450 were reported missing. 17,000 homes and buildings were destroyed and 138,000 damaged. (OCHA, 1 Apr 2011)
The earthquake triggered an extremely severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant that ultimately emitted an enormous amount of radioactive material into the environment (Government of Japan, 5 Jul 2012).
Appeals & Funding
By Yuki Matsuoka
SENDAI, Japan, 23 March 2017 – Schoolchildren and businesses in Japan are working hard to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, a 15-year blueprint adopted at a UN conference in their country in 2015.
This case study gives an overview of the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) initial emergency response to the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJET) which happened on the 11 March 2011. The timeframe covered is approximately 3 weeks during the time of launch of the response and frst phase of the relief period. It also looks at the challenges the Emergency response teams faced after the cascading disaster which triggered the accident at the Fukushima – Daiichi nuclear power plant.
Las Autoridades Nacionales de la Gestión de Desastres (NDMAs) son con frecuencia, aunque no siempre, la principal institución nacional con el mandato de coordinar y gestionar todos los aspectos relacionados con la mitigación, la preparación y la respuesta a desastres, a través de sus oficinas nacionales y provinciales respectivas. Muchas de estas autoridades han adoptado ahora políticas y directrices de gestión de desastres, algunas de las cuales hacen referencia explícita a las normas humanitarias.
National disaster management policies and guidelines benefit from building on and incorporating references to international humanitarian standards. But what does it take to link both and how can humanitarian professionals engage with National Disaster Management Authorities to achieve that goal?
By Denis McClean
NEW DELHI, 3 November 2016 - If proper coastal security measures had been in place at the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in March 2011, many lives could have been saved, according to the Japanese MP, Mr. Toshihiro Nikai, who is also the Secretary-General of the governing Liberal Democratic Party.
Tsunamis are rare, powerful and unpredictable natural hazards, with devastating consequences for coastal populations caught in their path. The vast majority are caused by earthquakes in active seismic areas and occur along a limited range of inhabited shores around the world (Figure 1). In total, 16 major tsunamis killed 250,900 people in 21 countries between 1996 and 2015, according to EM-DAT records.
3 November 2016 – Japan’s initiative to raise the awareness of the risks posed by tsunamis will this weekend mark a milestone when World Tsunami Awareness Day makes its debut on 5 November – an occasion that goes beyond paying tribute to the victims of tsunamis.
For immediate release: October 24, 2016
By Rocio Diaz-Agero Roman
NEW YORK, 24 October 2016 – The future of Fukushima Prefecture dramatically changed on 11 March 2011. A 9.0 magnitude earthquake off Japan’s eastern seaboard unleashed a powerful tsunami that triggered a devastating nuclear meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant.
Speaking at an event ‘Fukushima After 2049 Days: Current revitalization on the ground’ at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, the Governor of Fukushima Prefecture, Mr. Masao Uchibori, underscored that the region’s clocks did not stop that day.
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes
This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.
The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):
By Jonathan Fowler
GENEVA, 15 August 2016 - A new report highlights the lessons of Japan’s 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster, the world’s deadliest catastrophe in a decade, and underlines how they fed into the creation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
The elderly are usually the last to flee from an unfolding conflict or disaster. Once displaced, many are vulnerable to poor health and face greater obstacles to restoring livelihoods and achieving durable solutions.
Guest bloggers Ana Mosneaga from the United Nations University and Michaella Vanore from Maastricht University share their insights on the internally displaced elderly in Georgia and Japan. Cheng Boon Ong puts this further into perspective by sharing IDMC’s experience with gathering sex and age disaggregated data.
Soon after the devastating earthquake and tsunami hit the Tohoku area in Japan in 2011, many of its citizens were forced to leave their homes and into temporary housing. The thought of leaving familiar surrounds for at least five years resulted in many of them feeling isolated, lonely and stressed.
To help lift spirits and bring some much needed relief and light entertainment to those relocated, the Australia-Japan Foundation and members of the local Japanese Board of Education brainstormed on how to use the 40,000 books left behind in the damaged local library.
Fukushima Global Communication Programme Working Paper Series Number 13, December 2015
11 March 2016 marks five years since the complex disaster created by a 9.0 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear radiation leaks from power plants in Japan’s Fukushima prefecture devastated communities across the Tohoku region of Japan and displaced some 470,000 people from their homes.
Guest blogger Reiko Hasegawa from SciencesPo in Paris, shares her expert insights on the ongoing struggles faced by people from the radiation contaminated areas who are still displaced today.