Japan: Earthquake and Tsunami - Mar 2011
On 11 Mar 2011, a massive tsunami was triggered by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in northeast Japan, causing widespread destruction. The tsunami was up to 30 meters high and inundated 433,000 square kilometers of land. 492,000 people were evacuated, 11,600 were killed and 16,450 were reported missing. 17,000 homes and buildings were destroyed and 138,000 damaged. (OCHA, 1 Apr 2011)
The earthquake triggered an extremely severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant that ultimately emitted an enormous amount of radioactive material into the environment (Government of Japan, 5 Jul 2012).
Most read reports
- Green Cross: Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant Disaster: How many people were affected? 2015 Report. 11 Mar 2015
- Greenpeace: On the Frontline of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Workers and Children - Radiation risks and human rights violations. 22 Mar 2019
- UNSCEAR: Effects of radiation exposure of children. 25 Nov 2013
- USAID: Humanitarian Assistance in Review: East Asia and the Pacific | Fiscal Year 2009 – 2018. 7 Feb 2019
- ECHO: Japan – Earthquake/Tsunami - ECHO Daily Map | 22/11/2016. 22 Nov 2016
Eight years after the start of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster and two years after the Japanese government lifted evacuation orders in areas of Namie and Iitate, radiation levels remain too high for the safe return of thousands of Japanese citizen evacuees.
Eight years have passed since the 311 Eastern Japan Earthquake. The Taiwan Red Cross has already completed its visit of reconstruction projects in Fukushima, Miyagi, and Iwate, areas hit hardest by the earthquake. As of this year, 623 public housing projects have been completed in Iwate Prefecture. A total of 658 households are expected to be completed by 2019.
Recurrent drought, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2009 and FY 2018, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
GENEVA, 2 November 2018 – The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) today called attention to the significant loss of life and economic losses associated with tsunamis, notably for countries bordering the Indian and Pacific Oceans, over the last twenty years.
A review of available data from tsunami events puts these losses at 251,770 deaths and US$280 billion out of recorded economic losses for earthquakes and tsunamis of US$661.5 billion (1998-2017).
Last year, IDMC recorded the highest levels of internal displacement by conflict and violence in a decade. We documented heart-breaking accounts of families escaping attacks and insecurity from Syria to the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Iraq, Yemen and Afghanistan. As always, this displacement took place against a backdrop of chronic poverty and political instability, and was compounded by weak governance and response capacities, complex needs and vulnerabilities, and difficult humanitarian access.
By Yuki Matsuoka
Kobe, 23 May, 2018 - Two schools with tragically different experiences of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami were at the centre of Ms. Mami Mizutori’s first visit to her native Japan since she took on the role of UN Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction in March.
Seven years have passed since the 311 Eastern Japan Earthquake. The Taiwan Red Cross has already completed its visit of reconstruction projects in Fukushima, Miyagi, and Iwate, areas hit hardest by the earthquake. As of this year, 62 public housing projects have been completed in Iwate Prefecture, providing housing for 330 families. However, due to the preparation of the Tokyo Olympics, 372 households are still under construction. A total of 702 households are expected to be completed by 2020.
On 13 March 2018, over 1,000 Palestine refugee students from four UNRWA schools in Khan Younis, Gaza, gathered to fly kites of hope in commemoration of the seventh anniversary of the most powerful earthquake ever recorded to hit Japan. For the seventh year, messages of continued empathy and solidarity soared into the skies of Gaza. The Kites of Hope festival was held at the Khan Younis Training Centre in southern Gaza. UNRWA Director of Operations (DUO) in Gaza, Mr. Matthias Schmale, the Ambassador for Palestinian Affairs and Representative of Japan to Palestine, Mr.
By Yuki Matsuoka
TOKYO, 13 March 2018 - A study of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami has emphasized the importance of economic recovery to the well-being of communities in the post-disaster phase.
Professor Itsuki Nakabayashi from Meiji University noted that, according to his study, both the availability of jobs and livelihoods, and the revitalization of commercial districts in the neighborhood, are integral to individual perceptions of recovery, and thus the resilience of local businesses plays a major role in post-disaster community well-being.
Drought, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, volcanoes, and civil unrest, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
By David Singh
GENEVA, 27 October: The build up to World Tsunami Awareness Day on November 5 started in earnest today with a high-level gathering of tsunami-affected countries discussing how to reduce tsunami risk
“In Japan we say be prepared and have no regrets,” said Mr. M. Teru Fukui, Member of Japan’s House of Representatives during the panel discussion today on ‘Reducing the number of disaster affected people’ at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
By Yuki Matsuoka
SENDAI, Japan, 23 March 2017 – Schoolchildren and businesses in Japan are working hard to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, a 15-year blueprint adopted at a UN conference in their country in 2015.
This case study gives an overview of the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) initial emergency response to the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJET) which happened on the 11 March 2011. The timeframe covered is approximately 3 weeks during the time of launch of the response and frst phase of the relief period. It also looks at the challenges the Emergency response teams faced after the cascading disaster which triggered the accident at the Fukushima – Daiichi nuclear power plant.
Las Autoridades Nacionales de la Gestión de Desastres (NDMAs) son con frecuencia, aunque no siempre, la principal institución nacional con el mandato de coordinar y gestionar todos los aspectos relacionados con la mitigación, la preparación y la respuesta a desastres, a través de sus oficinas nacionales y provinciales respectivas. Muchas de estas autoridades han adoptado ahora políticas y directrices de gestión de desastres, algunas de las cuales hacen referencia explícita a las normas humanitarias.
National disaster management policies and guidelines benefit from building on and incorporating references to international humanitarian standards. But what does it take to link both and how can humanitarian professionals engage with National Disaster Management Authorities to achieve that goal?