Indonesia: Sumatra Earthquakes and Tsunami - Oct 2010
Two disasters struck Indonesia on 25 October 2010: the volcano eruption at Mount Merapi in Central Java and 7.2 earthquake in the Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra. On the island of Mentawai, at least 108 people have died and more than 500 are missing after the earthquake struck (World Vision, 26 Oct 2010)
According to the IFRC, the earthquake and tsunami killed 500 people and left 11,000 displaced. (IFRC, 30 Sep 2011)
Between the Merapi volcanic eruption and the Mentawai earthquake and tsunami, approximately 103,750 people were in need of support. The IFRC launched an emergency appeal to support the Indonesian Red Cross in their response. (IFRC, 26 Apr 2011) This emergency appeal received a total income of CHF 3,091,118 (with an expenditure of CHF 2,814,292) and was closed on 30 September 2011. (IFRC, 30 Sep 2011)
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Indonesia is located in one of the world's most disaster-prone regions, with frequent calamities such as tropical storms, floods, droughts, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
National authorities' management capacity has substantially improved in recent years but international assistance is sometimes still required.
The European Commission has made available € 136 million in humanitarian aid to help survivors of natural and human-made crises since 1995. This includes funding for preparedness measures through its Disaster Preparedness Programme (DIPECHO).
This paper explores how recent extreme events, particularly the 2010 simultaneous hazards, have or have not catalysed changes in perceptions, practices and policies relating to private sector engagement in humanitarian action and their collaboration with government, humanitarian and military actors. It also aims to identify shared issues and innovative examples within the context of disastersin Indonesia, and suggestions to the wide range of actors involved in humanitarian activities towards multi-actor collaboration.
Making rapid assessment of specific needs of those affected by natural disasters together with implementing partners
Responding effectively and efficiently to the humanitarian needs of those affected by the volcanoes and tsunamis.
Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction measures in all humanitarian assistance and supporting specific DRR projects to strengthen the resilience of communities regularly affected by natural disasters in Indonesia
It’s just over two years since the Mentawai tsunami in October 2010 and it’s inspiring to see the resilience of the local people who have managed to pick themselves up and move forward.
The disaster killed more than 500 people and left thousands homeless. SurfAid embarked on a one-year recovery program to help them get back on their feet.
Communications director Kirk Willcox returned to the field recently with a filmmaker Sascha Ettinger Epstein. He writes:
Facts & Figures
€84.5 million in response to natural disasters since 1994
€22 million to assist victims of conflicts since 1994
€8.27 million for disaster preparedness since 1994
Through ECHO funding, nearly 150 million people are helped each year in more than 90 countries outside the EU through approximately 200 partners (International non-governmental organisations, the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement, and UN agencies).
When a massive 8.6 earthquake hit this year off the shores of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia on April 11, 2012, the communities in Banda Aceh where CRWRC had been working during the tsunami, knew exactly what to do. As they sounded a tsunami alert and evacuated everyone from their villages along specially designed roads, they were fearfully reminded of another earthquake and tsunami that had occurred eight years earlier with devastating results.
The past year has been a huge endeavour for our management and field teams as we rolled out our recovery program after the 2010 tsunami devastated many of the Mentawai villages.
We have now moved into long-term recovery for affected communities and we have a new program called SeSe, which means ‘appropriate’ in Mentawai language.
This report covers the period 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011.
Programme outcome The purpose of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) programme is to support the institutional capacity-building of the Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia/PMI), and facilitate a coordinated approach of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in supporting PMI‟s programmes and development in Indonesia.
Indonesia is an archipelago consisting of more than 17,000 islands. The Indonesian population is the fourth largest in the world, with a total of 240 million inhabitants. About 19 million people try to survive on less than US$1 a day, while a staggering 120 million people live on less than US$2 a day.
During the Mentawai Tsunami Recovery Program, SurfAid worked with partner arche noVa to implement clean water facilities. Besides hardware, arche noVa also tried to increase awareness about hygiene practice. Although some public latrines were built by different international NGOs (non-governmental organisations), most of the community members were defecating in the open, in the forest or river.