Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
1-. RÉSUMÉ ANALYTIQUE
1.1-. Aperçu de l’intervention
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
The humanitarian situation in Haiti has improved since the devastating earthquake of 2010, thanks to the resilience of the people of Haiti and the generosity of the international community. As we come to the five year mark, however, there are signs that we may be facing deterioration in conditions due to the confluence of several trends.
1 . By its resolution 2180 (2014), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) until 15 October 2015 and requested me to report on its implementation semi-annually and not later than 45 days before its expiration. The present report covers major developments between the issuance of my report of 4 March 2015 (S/2015/157) and 31 August 2015 and outlines activities undertaken by the Mission in line with its mandate under the relevant Council resolutions, most recently 2180 (2014)
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
Five years after the devastating 2010 earthquake, Haiti has transitioned to a period of long-term development. With the help of the international community, Haiti has made significant advances. The U.S. post-earthquake strategy for Haiti focuses on four sector pillars designed to catalyze economic growth and build long-term stability. Carried out by a range of U.S. departments and agencies, including the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and the U.S.
January 12, 2010 – January 12, 2015
An unprecedented catastrophe On January 12, 2010, an earthquake devastated Haiti. It was the biggest tremor to hit the country in 200 years. In less than one minute, almost half of the homes in Port-au-Prince and its surroundings were reduced to dust.
A major catastrophe:
• Magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale;
• The epicentre of the quake was in the most populated area of the island;
• Over 200,000 deaths and more than 300,000 injured;
• 1.3 million people were left homeless; and
Lutte contre l’épidémie de choléra : près de 185,000 personnes ont reçu le vaccin contre le choléra dans trois départements prioritaires.
Plus de 85 000 personnes déplacées internes selon le dernier rapport de la DTM du mois de septembre 2014.
La situation nutritionnelle des enfants reste une préoccupation pour la communauté humanitaire.
Le phénomène El Ninõ pourrait affecter la production agricole entre les mois d’octobre et de décembre prochains.
Malgré des ressources en diminution, la communauté humanitaire reste mobilisée à l’approche de la saison cyclonique
La tendance à la baisse de l’épidémie de choléra s’est maintenue ; la vigilance est toutefois toujours de mise.
Une étude d’Action Contre La Faim pour l’OIM révèle une situation nutritionnelle préoccupante dans les sites de déplacés couverts par l’enquête
Snapshot 28 January – 04 February
Snapshot 12 – 19 November
Le Comité spécialisé du Conseil d’Administration de l’AFD pour l’appui aux initiatives des ONG s’est réuni le 15 octobre 2013. Il a approuvé l’attribution des subventions suivantes :
Plan international France – Améliorer la santé maternelle et infantile au Togo