Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Most children in orphanages are not orphans
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- 2016 Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID 2016)
P-au-P, 12 janv. 2018 [AlterPresse] --- 17 mille personnes déplacées sur 37 mille vivent encore dans 12 camps situés dans des zones à risque moyen ou élevé d’inondations et de glissements de terrain.
Ces chiffres sont communiqués par l’Unité de construction de logements et de bâtiments publics (Uclbp) et l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (Oim), à l’occasion du 8è anniversaire du tremblement de terre du 12 janvier 2010.
Ce séisme a fait environ 300 mille morts et d’énormes dégâts matériels.
January 10, 2017
When a 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in 2010, much of the country’s healthcare capacity and infrastructure was destroyed. But over the course of the past seven years, Haiti has made significant strides in rebuilding and expanding its medical capacity, thanks in part to funding from the American Red Cross.
La ville de Léogane est située a 29 KM de Port-au-Prince, elle a été l'épicentre du tremblement de terre catastrophique du12 Janvier 2010 qui a frappé Haiti et qui a endommagé 80-90% des bâtiments de la ville dont l’institution primaire Sainte Rose de Lima. Cette institution a été l’une des 17 écoles reconstruites et/ ou réhabilitées par la Croix-Rouge espagnole
In most parts of the world, entrepreneurs depend on access to capital for starting and growing their businesses. The same rings true in Haiti, where many families lost their businesses and way of earning income during the 2010 earthquake. In order to help people reestablish their livelihoods, the American Red Cross has invested in savings and loan associations across Carrefour-Feuilles—an area still rebuilding from the disaster.
“I’m proud of my school.” – Kenia, 10 years old, 6th grade student of the primary school in Santa Rosa de Lima de Léogane
The town of Léogane is situated at 29 km of the capital of Port-au-Prince, it was at the epicenter of the 12 January 2010 earthquake, and was catastrophically affected, with 80-90% of buildings damaged, among them the Santa Rosa Lima school for girls. This school is one of the 17 schools reconstructed or rehabilitated by Spanish Red Cross in Leogane.
Programme summary: Since the January 2010 earthquake, when 1.5 million Haitians were displaced from their homes, there has been a 94 percent decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and a 93 per cent reduction in the number of sites or camps still housing displaced populations.
Montréal, 8 janvier 2015 – Le 12 janvier 2010, Haïti était secouée par un tremblement de terre dont les conséquences allaient profondément toucher la population, et ce, pendant des années. « Cinq ans plus tard, le bilan de ce qui a été fait grâce au soutien des donateurs, des entreprises, des gouvernements provinciaux et du gouvernement du Canada est impressionnant.
Montreal, January 8, 2015 – It has been five years since an earthquake devastated Haiti, leading to the largest single country response in Red Cross history. While much progress has been made following the disaster on January 12, 2010, the Canadian Red Cross continues its long-term recovery efforts to help Haitians rebuild and strengthen their communities. “Five years later, the record of what has been achieved through the support of individual donors, companies, provincial governments and the Government of Canada is impressive.
Period covered by this operation update:
November 2013 to March 2014.
Appeal target (current): The overall budget is 276,366,942 Swiss francs including the Emergency Response Units (ERUs) value. The current appeal target without the ERUs value is 241,515,052 Swiss francs.
When we talk about our reconstruction programme in Haiti, we don’t just mean building new houses, there’s much more to it than that.
We’re talking about transforming people’s lives in Delmas 19, a suburb of the capital Port-au-Prince.
Together with the community, the British Red Cross has repaired the canal, installed new drainage to stop flooding, created new pathways, built a new market and carried out other general infrastructure improvements.
OTTAWA, January 9, 2014 – Four years on from the devastating earthquake in Haiti, the Red Cross continues to help earthquake survivors rebuild and recover. To date, the Red Cross has helped five million earthquake survivors through health, shelter, water and sanitation and other basic needs.
Period covered by this Ops Update: January to June, 2013
Appeal target (current): The overall budget is 294,309,878 Swiss francs including the Emergency Response Units (ERUs) value. The current appeal target without the ERUs value is 259,457,988 Swiss francs.
P-au-P, 2 avril 2013 [AlterPresse] --- Près de 500 femmes de plus d’une vingtaine de camps de fortune dans l’aire métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince entendent organiser une marche le mercredi 3 avril, à l’occasion de la journée nationale des femmes, apprend AlterPresse.
Cette marche débutera à proximité du camp de Kid dans la zone de Bourdon pour s’arrêter devant le palais législatif au bicentenaire.
The consequences of a disaster often live on beyond the moment of crisis that we all hear about. For those at the centre of a disaster, life becomes ever more stressful, existing vulnerabilities are amplified, and the institutions, groups and individuals that may once have offered support or protection can find themselves overwhelmed and understaffed. The result is often a sharp rise in interpersonal violence. Such violence can be abuse, exploitation, harassment, discrimination and rejection from other survivors, or even from those who are supposed to help.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Mar 7 2013 (IPS) - Haiti is poised to enact major reforms to its penal code to make it easier for victims of rape to prosecute their attackers.
The amendments to the penal code would precisely define sexual assault in accordance with international law, legalize certain types of post-rape abortions, and criminalize marital rape.
The changes also mandate state-funded legal aid to victims who cannot pay for counsel. Discrimination on the basis of “sexual orientation” would be banned in limited circumstances, in a first for Haitian law.
UNITED NATIONS, Feb 28 2013 (IPS) - As the earthquake in Haiti has proven, even more important than a recognised name or robust physical presence is the quality of services delivered by humanitarian relief organisations.
MADRE, a U.S.-based women’s human rights NGO, has been part of the Haiti relief effort since the earthquake and has recently focused its efforts on advocating for legal reforms addressing violence against women.