Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Most children in orphanages are not orphans
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- Response to January 12th 2010 Earthquake - Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Haiti Round 22 – As of 31st March 2015
P-au-P, 12 janv. 2018 [AlterPresse] --- 17 mille personnes déplacées sur 37 mille vivent encore dans 12 camps situés dans des zones à risque moyen ou élevé d’inondations et de glissements de terrain.
Ces chiffres sont communiqués par l’Unité de construction de logements et de bâtiments publics (Uclbp) et l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (Oim), à l’occasion du 8è anniversaire du tremblement de terre du 12 janvier 2010.
Ce séisme a fait environ 300 mille morts et d’énormes dégâts matériels.
By Susan Robens-Brannon
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Jun 21 2012 (IPS) - In the remote, dusty and barren area of northern Port-au-Prince, Cannon Camp houses nearly 6,000 displaced Haitians in tiny and cramped spaces. Nestled among the smattering of tents is the home of a 50-something-year-old mother of 12.
The mother, who asked that her name not be used, was moved to the camp after she lost her small home after the earthquake in Haiti in January 2010. Her new home is a battered one-room tent extended by a partial tarp to make a second room.
P-au-P, 22 déc. 2011 [AlterPresse] --- Environ deux ans après le séisme du 12 janvier 2010, qui a poussé des millions de personnes à se déplacer vers des camps aux conditions difficiles d’existence, l’organisation Solidarité des femme haïtiennes (en créole : Sofa) demande à l’ État d’établir des mécanismes pertinents pour une meilleure protection des femmes dans les abris provisoires.