Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Javier E. Báez, Alan Fuchs, Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán
1. Executive Summary
The region has made impressive strides in the struggle against poverty and income inequality The Latin America and Caribbean region has achieved remarkable economic and social progress over the last decade, gradually shifting toward middle-income status.
SUBMITTED BY KAMILAH MORAIN ON FRI, 10/25/2013
In Haiti, recruiting young women to train for what has traditionally been perceived as predominantly masculine disciplines is a challenging task. Our team discovered that many families wanted to take advantage of an opportunity to educate their daughters, yet they were hesitant because the training being offered was in non-traditional roles.
SOUMIS PAR KAMILAH MORAIN LE LUNDI, 28/10/2013
En Haïti, le recrutement de jeunes femmes pour les former à ce qui a toujours été perçu comme des métiers majoritairement masculins est une tâche difficile. Notre équipe a découvert que, si de nombreuses familles voulaient profiter de l'occasion qu’offrait la formation pour éduquer leurs filles, elles étaient hésitantes parce que la formation offerte était dans des rôles non traditionnels.
For almost a year, the World Bank has been supporting the Adolescent Girls Initiative (AGI) in Haiti, where much of the country is still recovering from the 2010 earthquake. Through this program, 1,000 low-income Haitian girls between the ages of 17 and 20 who did not complete secondary school have been able to receive vocational and technical training in areas of work not traditionally open to women.
SOUMIS PAR OLIVIER PUECH
Cela fait près d’un an que la Banque mondiale soutient l’Initiative pour les adolescentes (AGI) en Haïti. Un programme qui a permis à 1000 jeunes haïtiennes de 17 à 20 ans, ayant quitté le système scolaire au cours du secondaire et venant de milieux socio-économiques défavorisés, de pouvoir suivre une formation professionnelle et technique à des métiers non traditionnels pour les femmes.
- Réduire la vulnérabilité de la population d’Haïti aux catastrophes naturelles
- Enseigner la prévention du choléra à plus de 1,5 million de personnes et fournir des produits de traitement des eaux et/ou du savon à plus de 600 000 personnes
- Faciliter la réinstallation de 45 000 personnes dans des logements plus sûrs, et rénover des quartiers où vivent 125 000 personnes avec des routes plus larges, un meilleur éclairage public et des ravins consolidés
- Améliorer l’accès à l’électricité de 600 000 personnes
Reduces the vulnerability of Haiti’s population to natural disasters
Provides cholera prevention education for over 1.5 million people and over 600,000 people with water treatment products and/or soap
Supports the return of 45,000 people to safer housing, and 125,000 people will live in upgraded neighborhoods with wider roads, better lighting, and fortified ravines
Improves access to electricity for 600,000 people
Finances the education of 100,000 children and trains 3,300 teachers
Promouvoir l'assiduité tout en améliorant la santé et l'apprentissage des enfants
SUBMITTED BY OLIVIER PUECH, CO-AUTHORS: AUDE-SOPHIE RODELLA
“Should only men be allowed to be builders, heavy machinery drivers, or electricians? No—I want to be able to do these jobs too.” The young girl expressing this opinion is Edelène. She is 17 years old and dropped out of school in the third grade because her family could no longer afford to pay her school fees.
I. Overview: Recovery Framework