Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Violence against women and girls in Haiti: What do we know about prevalence, drivers and perpetrators of violence against women and girls in Haiti, in both rural and urban areas? (Note any available information about trends in violence following natural disasters and other emergencies). What organisations are working to reduce women and girls’ vulnerability to violence in Haiti? Please summarise their principal programmes and projects.
The consequences of a disaster often live on beyond the moment of crisis that we all hear about. For those at the centre of a disaster, life becomes ever more stressful, existing vulnerabilities are amplified, and the institutions, groups and individuals that may once have offered support or protection can find themselves overwhelmed and understaffed. The result is often a sharp rise in interpersonal violence. Such violence can be abuse, exploitation, harassment, discrimination and rejection from other survivors, or even from those who are supposed to help.
The maternity ward at the State University Hospital of Haiti (HUEH) was inaugurated this Friday, March 8, 2013, to coincide with International Women’s Day. Two hundred hygiene kits were distributed, and HUEH provided information addressing women’s health issues, such as family planning, sexually transmitted diseases, prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV and free urogenital lesion screenings.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Mar 7 2013 (IPS) - Haiti is poised to enact major reforms to its penal code to make it easier for victims of rape to prosecute their attackers.
The amendments to the penal code would precisely define sexual assault in accordance with international law, legalize certain types of post-rape abortions, and criminalize marital rape.
The changes also mandate state-funded legal aid to victims who cannot pay for counsel. Discrimination on the basis of “sexual orientation” would be banned in limited circumstances, in a first for Haitian law.
International Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8th every year. It is a day in which women, men, girls and boys come together to celebrate, show solidarity for and recognise the dreams, aspirations and empowerment of women. International Women’s Day is an opportunity to commemorate the bravery of women in confronting injustice.
UNITED NATIONS, Feb 28 2013 (IPS) - As the earthquake in Haiti has proven, even more important than a recognised name or robust physical presence is the quality of services delivered by humanitarian relief organisations.
MADRE, a U.S.-based women’s human rights NGO, has been part of the Haiti relief effort since the earthquake and has recently focused its efforts on advocating for legal reforms addressing violence against women.
This report assesses the protection work of member agencies and how they dealt with accountability issues during the earthquake response. It was produced by lead authors Eric James and Julie R. Dargis who are independent consultants and was based on research carried out in and around Port au Prince in Haiti in January 2013. The study reached five main conclusions:
NGO staff were aware of the issues and sought practical approaches to providing protection and ensuring accountability.
Senior Development Officer
"Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much. —Helen Keller
Given the magnitude and complexity of the poverty challenges that our global community faces, Helen Keller’s words couldn’t ring more true.
1 February 2013 – The outgoing head of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti says that during his 20-months tenure, security had greatly improved in the Caribbean country, but delayed elections and unemployment still threatened stability.
Une délégation issue de plusieurs organisations dominicaines engagées dans la lutte pour le respect du droit au logement au niveau local et international, poursuit des échanges depuis bientôt une semaine avec des familles déplacées et des organisations partenaires haïtiennes dont le Collectif pour la défense du droit au logement.
PORT-AU-PRINCE – Le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies (PAM) a averti que, bien qu’il y ait eu des progrès à remonter la pente suite au terrible tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti il y a trois ans, les Haïtiens sont aujourd’hui confrontés à de nouveaux défis de sécurité alimentaire dus aux effets de la sécheresse, de la Tempête tropicale Isaac et de l’ouragan Sandy.
By Michelle Marion
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti, 14 January 2013 – For the first time since 2005–2006, Haiti has updated data on the situation of children and women, enabling analysis of the earthquake response and helping establish where and who the most vulnerable children are.
LES POINTS MARQUANTS
- 1000 jeunes filles vulnérables sont formées en métiers considérés non traditionnels.
- La formation professionnelle est un pilier pour la reconstruction d’Haïti.
- Ce programme vise à cibler la vulnérabilité liée au genre dans le pays.
Dans les locaux d’Haïti Tec, un centre de formation professionnelle certifié, un groupe de jeunes filles protégées de lunettes et de casques s’applique à scier du bois. D’autres groupes s’activent plus loin dans des cours de plomberie, d’électricité et de maçonnerie.
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has warned that while there has been progress recovering from the terrible earthquake that hit Haiti three years ago, Haitians are now facing new food security challenges with the effects of drought, Tropical Storm Isaac and Hurricane Sandy.
PORT-AU-PRINCE – Country Director Myrta Kaulard said WFP stands close to the victims and survivors of the terrible earthquake and while national capacities have grown stronger after the quake, many Haitians are struggling to put food on the table.
Bogota, Rome, Washington, DC, Port-au-Prince, le 14 janvier 2013. Trois ans après le tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010, quelque 400.000 personnes déplacées continuent à vivre en grande précarité et sans protection, dans les camps situés dans et aux alentours de la capitale du pays, Port-au-Prince.
Bogotá, Rome, Washington DC, Port-au-Prince, 14 January 2013 – Three years after the 12-January earthquake that struck Haiti, approximately 400,000 displaced people continue to live in vulnerable situations and without protection in camps in the capital, Port-au-Prince, and the surrounding areas. The Jesuit Refugee Service expresses great concern, because the rights and appropriate guarantees for protection of displaced persons, as defined in the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, continue to be ignored.
Trois ans après le tremblement de terre en Haïti, la situation du pays sur le plan du logement est tout à fait catastrophique, des centaines de milliers de personnes continuant à vivre dans des abris précaires, a déploré Amnesty International tout en exhortant les autorités et la communauté internationale à faire de cette question une priorité.
Le séisme du 12 janvier 2010 a fait plus de 200 000 morts et quelque 2,3 millions de sans abris.
On estime que plus de 350 000 personnes vivent actuellement dans 496 camps à travers le pays.