Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Lancement du plan d’action humanitaire 2013 sur fond de transition.
La tendance à la baisse de l’épidémie de choléra maintenue en 2012.
Le gouvernement haïtien prend progressivement le leadership des mécanismes de coordination de la réponse aux urgences.
US$144 million is required to address the humanitarian needs of over 1 million Haitians in 2013.
The downward trend in the cholera epidemic continued in 2012, but 118,000 people could face cholera in 2013.
Some 358,000 people remain in IDP camps where urgent humanitarian needs persist.
Progress continues in moving to Haitian-led humanitarian coordination.
Haïti, trois ans plus tard… depuis le séisme dévastateur du 12 janvier 2010, d’énormes d’efforts ont été consentis pour aider le gouvernement à atteindre ses objectifs et améliorer les conditions de vie des Haïtiennes et Haïtiens.
Nutritional assistance provided to people still struggling to rebuild their lives three years after the earthquake helps mothers raise healthy children.
PORT-AU-PRINCE --Three years after the earthquake, there are fewer tents, fewer people at the site of the old military airport in Port-au-Prince. Many have found a roof to put over their heads, but thousands are still living between abandoned old planes and helicopters in what used to be one of Port-au-Prince’s biggest camps.
Internal displacement has been a frequent and significant part of Haiti’s history since its foundation in 1804. The current mix of inter-related causes includes frequent natural hazardinduced disasters, human rights violations, and large-scale development projects. These are dominated by the impacts of the major earthquake disaster of 12 January 2010, which displaced up to 2.3 million people, mostly from or within the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince.
Humanitarian action in Haiti over the last three years has helped improve the lives of over 1.5 million Haitians. Almost three years after the devastating earthquake in 2010 that cost the lives of 217,300 people and left 2.1 million homeless, humanitarian action has accomplished significant tangible results. From 2010 to 2012, humanitarian actors ensured adequate services to the 1.5 million displaced after the earthquake and helped return or relocate 77% of these people out of camps.
POHDH documents abuses, educates residents of rights
By Jonathan Leaning
December 17th, 2012
A new report [PDF] on gender-based violence (GBV) in Haiti “suggests that adolescent girls are disproportionately suffering social and violent aftershocks of the earthquake,” including “unwanted and early pregnancies, illegal abortions, and child abandonment” which have increased, while “reports link cases to sexual violence and increased ‘survival sex’ in teenage girls.”
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2013/01000
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
The date for the submission of proposals indicated under Assessment round 1 has been postponed by one month (14/01/2013) to allow partners who are currently prioritising response to humanitarian needs arising from Hurricane Sandy to formulate a funding request to DG ECHO.
FIDH and its member organisations in Haiti, the National Human Rights Defense Network (RNDDH) and the Ecumenical Center for Human Rights (CEDH), today publish an alarming report into the persistent human insecurity in Haiti, despite the exceptional humanitarian efforts made since the earthquake of 12 January 2010.
La FIDH et ses organisations membres en Haïti, le Réseau national pour la défense des droits humains et le Centre Œcuménique des Droits Humains, publient aujourd’hui un rapport alarmant sur l’insécurité humaine qui persiste en Haïti malgré l’aide humanitaire exceptionnelle apportée après le séisme du 12 Janvier 2010.
Haiti must redouble efforts to boost agriculture; cannot afford to fail
Hundreds of Haitian women affected by the 2010 earthquake are building their own thriving businesses with support from Tearfund.
Marie Carmelle Larose and Louis Soinie are two examples of those who have benefited from a Tearfund small business grant as well as marketing and small business management training.
Based in the remote mountain community of Duclos, they have developed a successful chicken-rearing business, which was started shortly after the quake.
Return and resettlement programs continue and contribute significantly to the reduction of the number of displaced persons in the camps
Cholera declines, but some departments face inadequate infrastructure for the management of new cases.
Rain destroys 300 houses in Anse-à-Galets
Crop losses estimated at $84,239,782.84; growing vulnerability of poor households in several departments of the country.
370,000 Haitians still live in 541camps
- Réduire la vulnérabilité de la population d’Haïti aux catastrophes naturelles
- Enseigner la prévention du choléra à plus de 1,5 million de personnes et fournir des produits de traitement des eaux et/ou du savon à plus de 600 000 personnes
- Faciliter la réinstallation de 45 000 personnes dans des logements plus sûrs, et rénover des quartiers où vivent 125 000 personnes avec des routes plus larges, un meilleur éclairage public et des ravins consolidés
- Améliorer l’accès à l’électricité de 600 000 personnes
Reduces the vulnerability of Haiti’s population to natural disasters
Provides cholera prevention education for over 1.5 million people and over 600,000 people with water treatment products and/or soap
Supports the return of 45,000 people to safer housing, and 125,000 people will live in upgraded neighborhoods with wider roads, better lighting, and fortified ravines
Improves access to electricity for 600,000 people
Finances the education of 100,000 children and trains 3,300 teachers
by Martin on SEPTEMBER 27, 2012 in DISASTER RELIEF
In our last blog we described how Food for the Hungry has been working with local leaders in Haiti to raise awareness of child abuse and gender-based violence. This is the story of one such victim whose life was transformed by subsequent community intervention.