Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- IOM Completes First Road to Massive Displacement Settlement in Haiti
- 2016 Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID 2016)
“On the day of the earthquake, my wife was in our tin house, and she ran out as fast as she could with the children,” says Bernard Doussous.
“The house was completely crushed. After that we slept outside for seven days. We lost everything – our belongings and all our official documents.”
We are continuing to support the Haitian people as they recover from one of the most devastating earthquakes in recent history.
The earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010 killed an estimated 230,000 people, and forced more than a million from their homes.
In the immediate aftermath of the disaster, we launched our Haiti earthquake appeal. You raised a remarkable £5.3 million, which has provided:
Like millions of others, Celina Traesil lost everything in the earthquake that devastated Haiti two years ago. Today, thanks to you, she’s about to move into her new home.
Celina vividly remembers the day that the earthquake struck her village in the Petit Boucan district, high up in the hills to the west of Port-au-Prince. “I was fetching water to make tea when the earth shook,” she says. “I tried to crawl away, but I couldn’t. Then my son found me and carried me to a safe place. I saw people running around, crying.”
Two years after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, we are doing everything we can to support the Haitian people as they rebuild their lives.
In the aftermath of the earthquake, we launched our Haiti Earthquake Appeal. Thanks to your remarkable compassion, we raised more than £5.3 million to respond to the emergency.
Using DEC funds our member agencies have provided assistance to over 1.8million earthquake survivors in Haiti.
It has been nearly a year since a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, killing more than 230,000 people and devastating the nation's capital.
As Haiti commemorates the dead, international attention is focused on the slow pace of reconstruction, with an estimated 1.3 million still forced to live in tents nearly a year after the disaster.
The chief obstacle preventing more homes being built is the immense difficulty in proving land ownership, explains a report jointly commissioned by Christian Aid, Progressio, Tearfund and CAFOD.
"Most people were living in …