Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- Most children in orphanages are not orphans
- 2016 Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID 2016)
On January 12, 2010, Haiti was struck by a violent earthquake that left some 200,000 people dead, 300,000 injured and 2.3 million homeless. Five years on, Doctors of the World (Médecins du Monde/MdM) – present in Haiti since 1989 – remains mobilized and, among other activities, is fighting alongside the Haitian people to end the cholera epidemic that continues to ravage the country.
Le 12 janvier 2010, un séisme destructeur frappait Haïti, faisant 200.000 morts, plus de 300.000 blessés et 2,3 millions de personnes déplacées.
Cinq ans après, les équipes de Médecins du Monde, présentes depuis 1989 sur l’île, restent mobilisées en luttant avec les Haïtiens, notamment contre l’épidémie de choléra qui sévit toujours dans le pays.
« Port-au-Prince n’est plus une ville, c’est un immense bidonville. Le séisme, les hommes politiques, le choléra, on vit en enfer ici » décrivait Francis, un habitant du quartier de Carrefour-Feuille en 2010.
Op-ed signed by the Haiti NGO Coordination Committee, which includes ACTED, published on 11.01.2012 on Le Monde newspaper website.