Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Le rapport complet présentant les conclusions de l’enquête interne d’Oxfam sur les accusations d’abus sexuels et d’autres comportements inacceptables lors de son intervention humanitaire au lendemain du séisme de janvier 2010 en Haïti a été rendu public aujourd’hui.
Oxfam publie ce rapport, établi en 2011, afin de faire preuve de la plus grande transparence sur les décisions prises dans le cadre de cette enquête et en réponse à la perte de confiance que celles-ci ont entraînée.
The earthquake in Haiti was a tragedy for the hundreds of thousands of children and their families who lost everything. The nation was already the poorest and most fragile in the hemisphere. It was a challenging time for aid workers who witnessed their loss and suffering, and were involved in trying to help them.
Penny Mordaunt has announced a series of actions to tackle sexual exploitation in the aid sector, declaring it vital that the whole sector steps up.
Published 12 February 2018 From: Department for International Development and The Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt MP
A statement from International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt:
“This morning I met with Mark Goldring, Chief Executive of Oxfam, and Caroline Thomson, Oxfam Chair of Trustees.
By Mario Osava
RIO DE JANEIRO, Feb 2 2018 (IPS) - The war in Angola, the earthquake in Haiti, Venezuela’s political crisis and shortages and the political repression in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the main driving factors behind the recent waves of immigration to Brazil.
The largest and most populous Latin American country is no longer the major recipient of immigrants that it was until the mid-twentieth century, which gave it its well-known ethnic and cultural diversity, with large European, Arab and Asian inflows.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
Le 12 janvier 2018 ramène la commémoration de la huitième année du séisme dévastateur qui a endeuillé les familles haïtiennes et causé des dégâts matériels incommensurables au pays tout entier.
ÉVOLUTION DE LA CRISE
EN UN COUP D’ŒIL
In September 2017, Haiti witnessed the passage of Hurricane Irma and Maria. Even though the impacts of the hurricanes were less than expected, they still reminded the humanitarian community of the vulnerability of Haiti to natural disasters. The IPC report for the period of October 2017 to February 2018 revealed that about 1.32 million people are facing severe acute food insecurity. The Department of Nord-Est, one of the departments most affected by hurricanes Irma and Maria, was classified in crisis phase.
STATEMENT – USCRI Denounces Decision to End Humanitarian Program for Haitians
After years of being shielded from deportation from the United States while their country recovers from a devastating 2010 earthquake, tens of thousands of Haitians will lose that security status.
"It was assessed overall that the extraordinary but temporary conditions that served as the basis of Haiti's most recent designation has sufficiently improved such that they no longer prevent nationals of Haiti from returning safely," a senior Trump administration official said during a briefing.
When and where have emergency wastewater treatment plants been developed in rapid mass displacement situations and situations of limited space/access?
What models were used, and what were the implications in terms of performance and cost?
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par le maintien de la tendance à la baisse du choléra. Pour la période allant de janvier à août 2017, 9 531 cas suspects ont été enregistrés dans le pays, soit une baisse de 66 % en comparaison à la même période en 2016. De l’autre côté, la communauté humanitaire continue d’observer la situation binationale entre Haïti et la République Dominicaine. Entre juillet 2015 et aout 2017, 222 102 haïtiens sont retournés en Haïti (déportation et retour volontaire), de ce nombre, 5 488 ont été déportés au cours du mois d’août 2017.
The humanitarian context in Haiti is marked by the continued downward trend of cholera. For the period of January to August 2017, 9,531 suspected cases have been registered in the country, a decrease of 66% compared to the same period in 2016. On the other hand, the humanitarian community continues to observe the binational situation between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Between July 2015 and August 2017, 222,102 Haitians returned to Haiti (deportation and voluntary return), of which 5,488 were deported during the month of August 2017.
En ce moment, Haiti connait une nouvelle saison cyclonique, les dernières fortes précipitations ont inondés les canaux d’évacuation d’eau et une partie du terrain, laissant, dans le camp Tabarre ISA, des eaux stagnantes qui mélangées aux déchets offrent un environnement idéal à la prolifération de moustiques et aux maladies vectorielles que celles-ci véhiculent. C’est en faisant le suivi régulier de la situation humanitaire des camps, que les équipes CMO de l’OIM ont identifié les risques encourus par ces populations déplacées.