Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
Le 12 janvier 2018 ramène la commémoration de la huitième année du séisme dévastateur qui a endeuillé les familles haïtiennes et causé des dégâts matériels incommensurables au pays tout entier.
ÉVOLUTION DE LA CRISE
EN UN COUP D’ŒIL
In September 2017, Haiti witnessed the passage of Hurricane Irma and Maria. Even though the impacts of the hurricanes were less than expected, they still reminded the humanitarian community of the vulnerability of Haiti to natural disasters. The IPC report for the period of October 2017 to February 2018 revealed that about 1.32 million people are facing severe acute food insecurity. The Department of Nord-Est, one of the departments most affected by hurricanes Irma and Maria, was classified in crisis phase.
STATEMENT – USCRI Denounces Decision to End Humanitarian Program for Haitians
After years of being shielded from deportation from the United States while their country recovers from a devastating 2010 earthquake, tens of thousands of Haitians will lose that security status.
"It was assessed overall that the extraordinary but temporary conditions that served as the basis of Haiti's most recent designation has sufficiently improved such that they no longer prevent nationals of Haiti from returning safely," a senior Trump administration official said during a briefing.
When and where have emergency wastewater treatment plants been developed in rapid mass displacement situations and situations of limited space/access?
What models were used, and what were the implications in terms of performance and cost?
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par le maintien de la tendance à la baisse du choléra. Pour la période allant de janvier à août 2017, 9 531 cas suspects ont été enregistrés dans le pays, soit une baisse de 66 % en comparaison à la même période en 2016. De l’autre côté, la communauté humanitaire continue d’observer la situation binationale entre Haïti et la République Dominicaine. Entre juillet 2015 et aout 2017, 222 102 haïtiens sont retournés en Haïti (déportation et retour volontaire), de ce nombre, 5 488 ont été déportés au cours du mois d’août 2017.
The humanitarian context in Haiti is marked by the continued downward trend of cholera. For the period of January to August 2017, 9,531 suspected cases have been registered in the country, a decrease of 66% compared to the same period in 2016. On the other hand, the humanitarian community continues to observe the binational situation between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Between July 2015 and August 2017, 222,102 Haitians returned to Haiti (deportation and voluntary return), of which 5,488 were deported during the month of August 2017.
En ce moment, Haiti connait une nouvelle saison cyclonique, les dernières fortes précipitations ont inondés les canaux d’évacuation d’eau et une partie du terrain, laissant, dans le camp Tabarre ISA, des eaux stagnantes qui mélangées aux déchets offrent un environnement idéal à la prolifération de moustiques et aux maladies vectorielles que celles-ci véhiculent. C’est en faisant le suivi régulier de la situation humanitaire des camps, que les équipes CMO de l’OIM ont identifié les risques encourus par ces populations déplacées.
Haiti is experiencing a new hurricane season, and recent heavy rains have flooded low land areas, overfilled the water drainage channels and left stagnant water throughout the camp Tabarre ISA, making it an ideal environment for the spread of mosquitoes and vector-borne diseases. By regularly monitoring the humanitarian situation in the displacement camps, the IOM CMO teams identifies the risks faced by the displaced populations.
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par la poursuite de l’augmentation des cas de déportation des haïtiens depuis la République dominicaine. Au cours du mois de juillet 2017, 6 776 personnes ont été officiellement déporté soit une augmentation de 48% par rapport au mois précédent (juin 2017). Parallèlement, 37,967 déplacés internes sont encore hébergés dans 27 camps suite au tremblement de terre de janvier 2010. Le manque de financement handicape encore la conclusion des programmes de relocation.
The humanitarian context in Haiti is marked by the continued increase in the number of cases of deportation of Haitians from the Dominican Republic. In July 2017, 6,776 people were officially deported, an increase of 48% from the previous month (June 2017). At the same time, 37,967 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are still lodged in 27 camps following the January 2010 earthquake. Lack of funding still hampers the conclusion of the relocations programs.
The present report is submitted pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2016/28 and highlights the main findings of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti following its visits to Washington, D.C., in March 2017, during which members met with the international financial institutions and regional actors, and to Haiti, in May 2017, during which members interacted with a number of senior government and legislative officials, representatives of the United Nations system and private sector and civil society actors.
Tilory, 18 July 2017 - Many Haitians have been forced to migrate both internally and to neighboring Dominican Republic due to natural disasters such as the 2010 earthquake or severe poverty. This migration often has lead to serious human rights violations, such as the abuse of laborers, sexual and gender-based violence, the abuse of children, and human trafficking. Haitian children are particularly vulnerable, often being trafficked and forced to serve as domestic servants, agricultural workers, or street vendors.