Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
The Director’s Letter
Col. Joseph Martin, USAF
Just over a year ago a devastating earthquake struck the country of Nepal, with major aftershocks in the ensuing weeks. The international community responded across a wide range of capabilities and in many cases remains engaged today in recovery and reconstruction. This edition of the Liaison Journal is specifically set aside to capture a range of lessons learned, with each providing the unique perspective of the supporting organization and author.
Dans les jours qui ont suivi le passage du séisme qui a ravagé la ville de Port-au-Prince en janvier 2010, MINUSTAH FM, la radio de la mission de l'ONU dans le pays, a radicalement changé sa grille de programmes pour répondre aux mieux aux besoins d'information de la population.
Programme summary: Since the January 2010 earthquake, when 1.5 million Haitians were displaced from their homes, there has been a 94 percent decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and a 93 per cent reduction in the number of sites or camps still housing displaced populations.
The humanitarian situation in Haiti has improved since the devastating earthquake of 2010, thanks to the resilience of the people of Haiti and the generosity of the international community. As we come to the five year mark, however, there are signs that we may be facing deterioration in conditions due to the confluence of several trends.
BY REBECA MORENO JIMENEZ, LINK LAB MANAGER, JULY 15, 2015
The transitional shelter approach adds to other successful response approaches, such as core housing and semi-permanent housing, to broaden the range of options for governments and humanitarian stakeholders to support populations affected by disasters and conflicts.
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
Migration has been and always will be a fact of life; we have to ensure that it is also a safe process that does not negatively impact the health of migrants and host communities. Population mobility influences, guides and supports economic and social development, social stability, and the greater integration of global processes in countries of origin, transit, destination and return. The healthier migrants are, the more efficient and balanced the future of our integrated and globalized world will be.
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
La matrice de suivi du déplacement (DTM) publiée en décembre 2014, montre que 79 397 personnes vivent encore dans 105 sites de déplacés. 5 939 familles déplacées vivant dans 21 sites sont considerées à risque d’expulsions forcées (risques faibles et élevés). 41 045 personnes vivant dans 26 sites de déplacées sont considérées comme personne à risque d'inondation. Jusqu’au mois de décembre 2014, environ 15 515 ménages ou 62 637 individus en déplacement n’ont pas été ciblés par un programme de retour ou de relocalisation.
The December 2014 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) shows that 79,397 individuals are still living in 105 IDP sites. 5,939 displaced families living in 21 camps are considered at risk of forced evictions (low and high risks). 41,045 people living in 26 camps are considered to be particularly at high risk of flooding. As on December 2014, an estimated 15,515 households or 62,637 IDP individuals were not targeted by any return or relocation programs.
Key achievements toward Strategic Objectives
• From January to December 2014, 45,088 IDPs (14,193 families) were relocated from IDP camps to neighborhoods thanks to rental subsidy programs. 163 IDP sites were closed as a result.
• As of December 2014, there was a 53% reduction in the number of cholera cases compared to the same period last year.
• 53% of nutritional coverage provided in areas most affected by severe acute malnutrition.
1.1 HISTORY OF OPEN CITIES AND THE OPEN DATA FOR RESILIENCE INITIATIVE
The World Bank, through its Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), launched the Open Cities Project in November 2012 to create open data ecosystems that will facilitate innovative, data-driven urban planning and disaster risk management in South Asian cities. Open Cities is one component of a broader World Bank and GFDRR program, the Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI), further described in box 1.1.
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
La matrice de suivi du déplacement (DTM) publiée en septembre 2014, montre que 85 432 personnes vivent encore dans 123 sites de déplacés. De juillet à septembre, 4 907 ménages ont bénéficié de subvention de loyer et ont été relocalisés.
The September 2014 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) shows that 85,432 individuals remain in 123 IDP sites. From July until September, 4,907 households benefited from rental subsidies and were relocated.
Introduction to the Guide
Communication with the affected population was prioritised from the outset of the emergency response in Haiti (IFRC, 2011a). This case study primarily focuses on two-way communication and feedback processes in IFRC’s Return and Relocation Programme, which supports people displaced by the Earthquake to move out from the crowded camps and informal settlements into safe housing. We met with affected community members who have received different types of assistance after the 2010 Earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Léogâne and Jacmel.
Key achievements towards strategic objectives
11,486 IDP families or 43,360 individuals were relocated from IDP camps thanks to return programs. 101 IDP sites were closed as a result.
As of June, 36 camps (hosting 45,678 IDP) out of 53 camps at risk of flooding had preparedness and response committees and small scale mitigation works were undertaken.
82% reduction of the number of cholera cases compared to the same period last year.