Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
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Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes
This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.
The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):
Disaster response that involves groups on the ground is often more effective and more timely, but concrete commitments are needed to get funds to local NGOs
Michael Mosselmans is head of humanitarian programme policy practice and advocacy for Christian Aid
Friday 5 February 2016 05.31 EST Last modified on Friday 5 February 2016 07.22 EST
Even as the group has publicly celebrated its work, insider accounts detail a string of failures
by Justin Elliott, ProPublica, and Laura Sullivan, NPR
The neighborhood of Campeche sprawls up a steep hillside in Haiti’s capital city, Port-au-Prince. Goats rustle in trash that goes forever uncollected. Children kick a deflated volleyball in a dusty lot below a wall with a hand-painted logo of the American Red Cross.
This report carries out a rigorous literature review around four key areas:
Is education seen as a ‘high priority’ amongst emergency affected populations?
To what extent is schooling disrupted by different types of emergencies? And how are different groups affected?
What are the economic and human costs of emergencies on education? And what are returns to investment in education in emergencies?
What is the nature of funding for education in emergencies?
The report finds that:
The Listen and Learn project, a joint DARA/Keystone initiative funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aimed to improve the accountability of aid efforts in Haiti and provide a model for greater beneficiary accountability in relief and recovery programming.
The World Bank’s Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the European Union (EU) are working on a guide for developing disaster recovery frameworks (DRF). This guide aims to help governments and partners plan for resilient post disaster recovery while contributing to longer term sustainable development. It is based on practices gleaned from country experiences in disaster recovery around the world.
Background paper prepared for the Education for all global monitoring report 2015, Education for All 2000-2015: achievements and challenges (ED/EFA/MRT/2015/PI/18)
Contact: Dan Beeton, 202-239-1460
Congress Passes “Assessing Progress in Haiti Act” to Enact Greater Oversight of USAID in Haiti
The theme of the 61st edition of Humanitarian Exchange is the humanitarian situation in Yemen. Despite a political transition process, conflict between state and non-state armed actors has exacerbated the country's long-standing humanitarian challenges and restricted access to people in need.
After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, donors pledged roughly $10 billion in response to the crisis. With such a significant amount of aid money coming in, the Government of Haiti refocused its aid tracking and management efforts following the earthquake. Although the Government has been utilizing its aid information management system to track aid to Haiti, there has been growing interest to use detailed, location-specific information in order to better understand where aid is going within the country.
This paper analyses the role of the private sector in humanitarian action in Haiti, with a particular focus on the response to the devastating earthquake that struck Port-au-Prince in 2010. During the response, international and Haitian businesses participated in humanitarian efforts – both directly assisting populations and working with aid agencies – for commercial and philanthropic reasons.
Geneva, 17 December 2013: Today, the Humanitarian and Resident Coordinator for Haiti – Mr. Peter de Clercq – briefed on the humanitarian situation in Haiti and on the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (HAP). The Plan outlines the needs of 817,000 Haitians in 35 of the country’s 140 communes and the strategy proposed to address the most critical of these needs.
New Report on U.S. Aid to Haiti Finds “Troubling” Lack of Transparency, Effectiveness
“Haitians, U.S. taxpayers unable to verify how U.S. aid funds are being used on the ground”
For Immediate Release: April 3, 2013 Contact: Dan Beeton, 202-239-1460
DUBAÏ , 1 avril 2013 (IRIN) - Les acteurs de l'humanitaire et du développement devraient mettre au point une solution obligeant les responsables politiques à rendre des comptes concernant leurs promesses de dons, a dit Alan Duncan, ministre britannique du Développement international.
« Une promesse n'est qu'une promesse tant qu'elle n'est pas encaissée », a-t-il dit à IRIN. « C'est fantastique d'obtenir des promesses de dons, mais il est important de s'assurer que cela se traduise dans les faits sur le terrain. »
DUBAI, 29 March 2013 (IRIN) - Humanitarian and development actors should develop a method to hold politicians to account for aid pledges, UK Minister of State for International Development Alan Duncan said.
“A promise is only a promise until it’s in the bank,” he told IRIN. “It’s exciting to get headline pledges, but it’s important to make sure that money translates on the ground.”
He shared his idea at the Dubai International Humanitarian Aid & Development (DIHAD) conference this week, telling participants:
After a devastating earthquake hit Haiti in 2010, governments and foundations from around the world pledged more than $9 billion to help get the country back on its feet.
Only a fraction of the money ever made it. And Haiti's President Michel Martelly says the funds aren't "showing results."
Roughly 350,000 people still live in camps. Many others simply moved back to the same shoddily built structures that proved so deadly during the disaster.
An estimated $9 billion of public and private funding has been spent on disaster recovery in Haiti since the 2010 earthquake. Of that, $2.25 billion in public funding has been disbursed by the United States alone. But despite the large amount of public money involved, it is nearly impossible to track how it has been spent and what has been achieved. The transparency and accountability of US spending in Haiti needs to be improved.
3 projets en restructuration sur demande du Gouvernement pour mieux servir les besoins de la reconstruction (p.2)
Le FRH supporte la reconstruction du système éducatif en Haïti (p.3)
Plus de 910 000 mètres cube de débris enlevés avec une production pour le dernier trimestre de 17,462 matériaux de construction recyclés (p.4)
La valeur totale du portefeuille du FRH est de 551 millions USD, incluant 277 millions USD de ressources mobilisées par le fonds pour des cofinancements (p.6)
HIGHLIGHTS OF THIS ISSUE
3 projects are being restructured at the request of the Government to better serve the needs of the reconstruction (p.2)
The HRF is supporting the rebuilding of the education system in Haiti (p.3)
More than 910 000 cubic meters of debris has been removed with production in the previous quarter of 17,462 m3 of recycled construction materials (p.4 )
The total value of the HRF portfolio is $551 million, including $277 million of leveraged resources (p.6 )
Uncertainty about the scale and outcome of spending following Haiti tragedy highlights need for greater transparency
Saturday marked the third anniversary of the tragic earthquake in Haiti that claimed between 230,000 and 300,000 lives. The grim landmark has prompted much discussion about the struggles surrounding reconstruction and also some hope about what may come next.
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