Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
The humanitarian situation in Haiti has improved since the devastating earthquake of 2010, thanks to the resilience of the people of Haiti and the generosity of the international community. As we come to the five year mark, however, there are signs that we may be facing deterioration in conditions due to the confluence of several trends.
1 . By its resolution 2180 (2014), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) until 15 October 2015 and requested me to report on its implementation semi-annually and not later than 45 days before its expiration. The present report covers major developments between the issuance of my report of 4 March 2015 (S/2015/157) and 31 August 2015 and outlines activities undertaken by the Mission in line with its mandate under the relevant Council resolutions, most recently 2180 (2014)
Migration has been and always will be a fact of life; we have to ensure that it is also a safe process that does not negatively impact the health of migrants and host communities. Population mobility influences, guides and supports economic and social development, social stability, and the greater integration of global processes in countries of origin, transit, destination and return. The healthier migrants are, the more efficient and balanced the future of our integrated and globalized world will be.
Economic and Social Council
2014 Substantive Session
27th Meeting (AM)
Global humanitarian aid actors should adopt policies of solidarity with strife-torn and disaster-stricken communities rather than charity, and ensure aid workers had the requisite skills to deliver their specific mandates, experts on the matter told the Economic and Social Council this afternoon.
The Humanitarian Compendium provides a comprehensive overview of IOM humanitarian projects for 2014 in coordination with other humanitarian partners and agencies.
IOM is today providing voluntary return assistance, in coordination with the Dominican and Haitian authorities, to more than 300 vulnerable Haitian migrants living in the Dominican Republic who wish to return to their communities in Haiti.
Today’s group of 308 returnees, who have been in the Dominican Republic for an average of 5 years, are returning to their places of origin in the northern Haitian towns of Cap Haitien, Fort Liberté, Limbe, Milot Pilate, and Plaisance. They will be escorted by IOM staff and government migration officials.
Afin de mettre en œuvre divers projets humanitaires d’urgence, dont certains ont été lancés en 2012, l’OIM adresse aux donateurs un appel de 303 millions de dollars E. U. pour des projets humanitaires en 2013.
L’OIM est l'agence chef de file pour le Groupe sectoriel sur la gestion des camps et la coordination des camps (CCCM) dans les catastrophes naturelles. Elle est également l’agence chef de file pour le groupe sectoriel des abris dans une demi-douzaine de pays, et est aussi un acteur majeur dans d’autres groupes sectoriels.
IOM Appeals for US$ 303 Million for 2013 Humanitarian Projects
In order to implement various humanitarian emergency projects, some of which were initiated in 2012, IOM is appealing to donors for US$ 303 million for humanitarian projects in 2013.
IOM is the global lead agency for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster in natural disasters. It is also the lead agency for the Shelter cluster in a half dozen countries, as well as a key actor in other clusters.
BANGKOK, 10 January 2013 (IRIN) - Electrical engineers and hazardous waste experts join emergency rosters. Power mapping becomes as important as hazard mapping in emergency prevention and response. #fragilecities shows up as often as #fragilestates in Twitter searches. Humanitarian science fiction? No, welcome to what demographers call the new urban millennium and the challenges, as well as changes, aid groups face responding to emergencies in urban areas.
UNDP has a presence on the ground in over 170 countries and territories and decades of concrete development experience in countries ranging from fragile States to middle-income countries like Brazil and Indonesia. This, combined with our four focus areas — poverty reduction and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); democratic governance; crisis prevention and recovery; and environment and sustainable development — make us uniquely situated and qualified to answer the UN’s call for a better and more sustainable future.
Every day, approximately 1,000 women die in childbirth or from a pregnancy-related complication. Maternal death can occur at any time in pregnancy, but delivery is by far the most dangerous time for both the mother and the baby. The vast majority of these deaths can be prevented if access to emergency obstetric care is ensured.
República Dominicana - Tras el terremoto de enero de 2010, en torno a 200.000 haitianos desplazados llegaron a la República Dominicana en busca de atención médica, oportunidades laborales, reunificación familiar y ayuda para superar las situaciones posteriores al desastre. Desde entonces, son muchos los que han decidido regresar a Haití. El programa de retorno voluntario asistido de la OIM, llevado a cabo en colaboración con la Dirección General de Migración (DGM) y el Ministerio de Interior y Policía de la República Dominicana, significa para ellos una verdadera oportunidad.
République Dominicaine - A la suite du séisme de janvier 2010, environ 200 000 Haïtiens déplacés ont traversé la frontière vers la République dominicaine à la recherche de soins médicaux, d'emplois, de réunification familiale et de secours face aux conditions de vie après la catastrophe en Haïti.
In the aftermath of the January 2010 earthquake, approximately 200,000 displaced Haitians crossed into the Dominican Republic in search of medical assistance, job opportunities, family reunification and relief from the post-disaster conditions in Haiti.
Since then, many have chosen to return to Haiti. The IOM Assisted Voluntary Return Program or AVR, carried out in coordination with the Dominican Republic's General Directorate of Migration (DGM by its Spanish acronym) and the Dominican Ministry of Interior and Police, is providing a genuine lifeline for these migrants.