Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Hamburg, 11.01.2011. The last year has been horrific for Haiti - first the devastating earthquake, then Hurricane Tomas, and then the ourtbreak of Cholera at the end of October which is now slowing down the recovery process. "At the beginning, it was just about trying to help and supply aid as quickly as possible, but what Haiti needs now is a new beginning - which Haitians also have to contribute to.
The earthquake in Haiti on 12 January 2010 has left the country facing huge challenges. Simply rebuilding the infrastructure is not enough: it will be necessary to make a new beginning. Even before the earthquake, the Haitian state was weak; it was ranked among the worst ten countries in terms of the food situation in the Global Hunger Index 2009.
The ruins of the presidential palace and the cathedral are striking images of the destruction brought by the earthquake to the heart of the country. Many ministries were also demolished, leading personnel were killed, documents destroyed.