Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Most children in orphanages are not orphans
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- Response to January 12th 2010 Earthquake - Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Haiti Round 22 – As of 31st March 2015
On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake devastated the Haitian capital city of Port-au-Prince, leveling buildings and overwhelming the health systems in place. Five years later, on January 29, health leaders from civil society and local organizations met with Haitian government officials and congressional staff for a day of information-sharing and reflection on the gains in health infrastructure made since the earthquake.
Lack of access to and inadequate health services combined with sub-standard sanitation systems place Haiti at the bottom in terms of health in the western hemisphere. With approximately 40 doctors per 100,000 Haitians, approximately twenty-five percent of births are attended by a skilled professional. The situation only deteriorated on January 12 and was further affected by the cholera epidemic which has claimed thousands of lives.
The Pan American Health Organization has released an interactive map of cholera cases in Haiti. As of November 15, Haitian officials estimated 18,382 cases of cholera and 1,110 deaths.
InterAction has layered data from Ministere de la Sante Publique et de la Population (MSPP) with our member's water and sanitation projects in Haiti to produce an interactive map that demonstrates our member response efforts to the crisis.
Over two months have passed since the powerful earthquake devastated the small Caribbean nation of Haiti.