Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- Most children in orphanages are not orphans
- 2016 Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID 2016)
On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a devastating earthquake that took 222,750 people's lives, injured many thousands and made 1.7 million homeless.
How the EU responded
Since day one, the European Union has responded to the needs of the Haitian population; providing both immediate humanitarian relief on a massive scale, while boosting its development aid.
Brussels, 8 January 2013
Joint statement by High-Representative and Vice-President of the European Commission, Catherine Ashton, Commissioners Kristalina Georgieva and Andris Piebalgs, on the anniversary of the Haitian earthquake
This week marks the third anniversary of the earthquake that hit Haiti on the 12 January 2010, the devastating consequences of which have made it one of the worst natural disasters in recent history.
Port-au-Prince, le 6 mars 2012 – Aujourd'hui, M. Andris Piebalgs, membre de la Commission européenne chargé du développement, arrive en Haïti pour une visite de deux jours. Conformément aux engagements de l'UE d'aider à la reconstruction à long terme d'Haïti, il annoncera un dispositif d'aides devant permettre aux Haïtiens d'accéder plus facilement à des services de base opérationnels, comme la santé, l'éducation et la sécurité.
Summary: 5 March 2012,Brussels - Tomorrow, EU Development Commissioner, Andris Piebalgs, will arrive in Haiti for a two day visit of the country. In line with the EU's commitment to help Haiti's reconstruction in the long term, he will announce an aid package which will enable Haitians to better access functioning basic services, including health, education and security. The aid package also aims to invest in economic development by improving Haitian infrastructure and increasing its support to rebuilding the State's capacity to provide services to Haitians.
- Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency
- Distribution of shelter and sanitation solutions remain the highest priorities at the moment.
- Rubble removal is increasingly urgent to make space for settlements.
- Sanitation in camps is a major concern; the number of latrines needed being estimated at 36,0006 .
- Many of the 396 health NGOs working in Haiti are due to depart in the coming weeks, without sufficient capacity planned to arrive.
2. Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency Aid
- 200,000 tents are needed. Nine EU Member States have provided in total 1.342 tents for approx. 8.200 persons. Emergency shelter remains a major challenge: estimations settling on a figure of approximately 1 million people in need of emergency shelter. With the upcoming rainy and hurricane season, an integrated transitional shelter solution needs to be found (to replace basic tents).