Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Two years on from the devastating earthquake which killed over 220,000 people and left a further 1.5 million homeless, huge challenges remain, not least the issue of how to rehome the 600,000 or so people who are still living in tents throughout Port-au-Prince and surrounding areas.
Using DEC funds our member agencies have provided assistance to over 1.8million earthquake survivors in Haiti.
El director de ActionAid en Haití, Jean Claude Fignolé, asegura que "la situación sanitaria y la provisión de agua en los campos de refugiados es muy precaria", por lo que la Organización ha comenzado a distribuir entre la población pastillas potabilizadoras, cloro en polvo y suero para que puedan tener acceso a agua segura. La epidemia ya ha dejado 253 personas fallecidas y 3.115 hospitalizadas en los departamentos del centro del país y de Artibonite.
Survivors of the Haiti earthquake will be at risk of disease unless the tens of thousands of victims' bodies are cleaned up, international aid agency ActionAid warned today.
The agency said the severity of the quake had made work very difficult and urged the international community to get as much aid to Haiti as possible in the coming days.
Jean-Claude Fignole, ActionAid's Haiti country director, said: "Haiti needs a massive clean-up operation. There are bodies everywhere, and hundreds of thousands of survivors are living in very close proximity to the dead.