Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- Earthquakes to Floods: A Scoping Review of Health-related Disaster Research in Low- and Middle-income Countries
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
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- IOM Completes First Road to Massive Displacement Settlement in Haiti
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
BANGKOK, 10 January 2013 (IRIN) - Electrical engineers and hazardous waste experts join emergency rosters. Power mapping becomes as important as hazard mapping in emergency prevention and response. #fragilecities shows up as often as #fragilestates in Twitter searches. Humanitarian science fiction? No, welcome to what demographers call the new urban millennium and the challenges, as well as changes, aid groups face responding to emergencies in urban areas.
DAKAR, 9 janvier 2013 (IRIN) - Quelques organisations d'aide humanitaire sortent peu à peu de leur champ d'action habituel que sont la guerre et les catastrophes naturelles pour s'attaquer aux conséquences de la violence criminelle à grande échelle en milieu urbain. Cela soulève des questions concernant le cadre juridique de telles interventions et les méthodes de travail employées.
DAKAR, 8 January 2013 (IRIN) - The gradual expansion by a small number of humanitarian agencies beyond their traditional remits of war and natural disaster towards tackling the consequences of large-scale criminal violence in urban settings raises questions about the legal framework and working methods of such interventions.
- Civil-military coordination in health aid problematic
- More rules of engagement needed
- Haiti, Afghanistan highlight weaknesses
- “Politico-health” facilities potentially dangerous
NEW YORK, 20 December 2012 (IRIN) - Delivering health aid to hotspots including Haiti and Afghanistan has brought together - and at times pitted against one another - humanitarians and militaries in an uneasy but increasingly necessary union.
GENEVA, 9 August 2011 (IRIN) - Disaster-scarred Haiti heaved a sigh of relief after emerging relatively unscathed at the beginning of August when tropical storm Emily skirted the capital Port-au-Prince, where more than 600,000 people still live in camps with little protection from the elements.
But with almost four months to go until the end of the Atlantic hurricane season, humanitarian agencies say the plight of the camp dwellers remains a major concern.