Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
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7530th Meeting (AM)
Haiti’s success in conducting the first round of long-awaited legislative elections, reforming its criminal code and maintaining a generally stable security environment was evidence of “a new order” that was paving the way for the United Nations to rethink the size and strength of its future presence on the island nation, agreed speakers in the Security Council today.
The humanitarian situation in Haiti has improved since the devastating earthquake of 2010, thanks to the resilience of the people of Haiti and the generosity of the international community. As we come to the five year mark, however, there are signs that we may be facing deterioration in conditions due to the confluence of several trends.
Handicap International, along with partners at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), celebrated the graduation of 72 Haitians from its rehabilitation technician training course in Port-au-Prince on Aug. 27.
The diploma program was a first for the country, filling a critical gap that existed before the 2010 earthquake, when the country counted a scant 13 physical therapists, most of whom lived abroad. The program aims to strengthen local rehabilitation skills. It is a major achievement, and opens up new possibilities for the future.
1 . By its resolution 2180 (2014), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) until 15 October 2015 and requested me to report on its implementation semi-annually and not later than 45 days before its expiration. The present report covers major developments between the issuance of my report of 4 March 2015 (S/2015/157) and 31 August 2015 and outlines activities undertaken by the Mission in line with its mandate under the relevant Council resolutions, most recently 2180 (2014)
Contributing to prosperity, security and democratic governance
June 12, 2015 - Ottawa, Ontario - Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada
The Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, today announced Canada’s renewed strategy for engagement in Haiti. The renewed five-year strategy follows a review of Canada’s long-term engagement in Haiti, which sought to examine the progress made to date and maximize efforts and resources.
Port-au-Prince, le 11 juin 2015 – Le service de la Commission européenne à l’aide humanitaire et à la protection civile (ECHO) va fournir 14,6 millions d’euros d’assistance humanitaire aux Haïtiens les plus vulnérables d'ici la fin 2015, notamment pour renforcer leurs capacités de résilience face aux catastrophes naturelles récurrentes.
(MissionNewswire) The reconstruction of a Salesian Youth Center in Fort Liberté, Haiti has been completed after the Jan 12, 2010 earthquake reduced it to rubble. The reconstruction project, made possible by many generous donors, was part of a promise by Salesian Missions, the U.S. Development arm of the Salesians of Don Bosco, to aid in the reconstruction of the country as well as provide relief to Haitians following the earthquake.
Le Rapporteur spécial sur les droits de l’homme des personnes déplacées dans leur propre pays, Chaloka Beyani, a effectué une mission officielle en Haïti, du 29 juin au 5 juillet 2014, à l’invitation du Gouvernement et conformément à son mandat énoncé dans la résolution 23/8 du Conseil des droits de l’homme. L’objectif de cette mission était d’examiner la situation des droits de l’homme des personnes déplacées dans le pays après le séisme qui a frappé Haïti le 12 janvier 2010.
The Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Chaloka Beyani, conducted an official mission to Haiti from 29 June to 5 July 2014, at the invitation of the Government and pursuant to his mandate under resolution 23/8 of the Human Rights Council. The objective of the visit was to examine the human rights situation of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the country following the earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010.
By Susan Kim*
May 7, 2015—Haiti could soon have a new, strong set of grassroots women entrepreneurs, thanks to Prosperity Catalyst, a nonprofit with the mission of launching and fostering independent, women-led businesses in distressed countries.
UMCOR, the United Methodist Committee on Relief, is supporting Prosperity Catalyst through a grant that is helping assess exactly how small businesses can grow in Haiti. The assessment is focusing on candle-making enterprises that will create opportunities for vulnerable women to become empowered entrepreneurs.
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
18 March 2015 – The Government of Haiti has made progress towards the holding of elections critical for the country’s stability and development, the top United Nations official in the Caribbean nation told the Security Council today.
Presenting the Secretary-General’s report on the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), Sandra Honoré reported that the country had made “measurable gains towards the holding of long-overdue elections” by the end of 2015, despite the lingering “uncertainty” caused by the absence of a functioning Parliament.
The Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Haiti considers the situation to be complex but not insuperable. Following his second mission to the country, in July 2014, he reviews here the efforts made thus far to address the five human rights areas identified in his previous report as warranting urgent action, namely: (a) illiteracy, (b) prolonged pretrial detention, (c) elections, (d) redress for large-scale human rights violations perpetrated in the past and (e) resettlement of the people displaced by the 2010 earthquake.
Migration has been and always will be a fact of life; we have to ensure that it is also a safe process that does not negatively impact the health of migrants and host communities. Population mobility influences, guides and supports economic and social development, social stability, and the greater integration of global processes in countries of origin, transit, destination and return. The healthier migrants are, the more efficient and balanced the future of our integrated and globalized world will be.
Five years after the devastating earthquake, Haiti is slowly getting back on its feet. Albeit greatly reduced compared to 2010, humanitarian needs persist. The UN has just launched a Transitional Appeal which serves as an integrated strategic and operational plan for humanitarian and resilience-building actions.