Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Most read reports
- IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice
- Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Most children in orphanages are not orphans
- Haiti: Revised Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)
- Response to January 12th 2010 Earthquake - Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Haiti Round 22 – As of 31st March 2015
Jane Regan et Milo Milfort
CARREFOUR, Haïti, 22 jan (IPS) - Mimose Gérard est assise dans sa tente au camp de Gaston Margron, entourée de grands sacs remplis de bouteilles plastiques. Elle gagne juste quelques pence pour chaque bouteille, mais c'est mieux que rien.
"Je vis dans le camp depuis le 13 janvier 2010, lorsque j'ai été installée avec une tente. Cela a été une existence douloureuse", déclare-t-elle à IPS. "Je suis juste une personne ordinaire sur cette portion de terre. Je n'ai nulle part où aller".
By Jane Regan and Milo Milfort
Carrefour, HAITI, Jan 20 2014 (IPS) - Mimose Gérard sits in her tent at Gaston Margron camp, surrounded by large bags filled with plastic bottles. She earns just pennies for each, but that’s better than nothing.
“I’ve lived in the camp since Jan. 13, 2010, when I was set up with a tent. It’s been a painful existence,” she tells IPS. “I’m just a regular person on this piece of land. I have nowhere to go.”