Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The present report is submitted pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2016/28 and highlights the main findings of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti following its visits to Washington, D.C., in March 2017, during which members met with the international financial institutions and regional actors, and to Haiti, in May 2017, during which members interacted with a number of senior government and legislative officials, representatives of the United Nations system and private sector and civil society actors.
-Le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017-2018 vise à sauver des vies tout en renforçant la résilience de la population et des institutions nationales face aux crises et aux catastrophes naturelles, et en ouvrant la voie vers le développement durable
The Humanitarian Response Plan 2017-2018 aims to save lives while strengthening the resilience of the population and national institutions in the face of crises and natural disasters, and by paving the way towards sustainable development
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
The World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and their partners, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), UN-Habitat, and Habitat for Humanity International, joined forces in 2013 to analyze what was learned from the 2010 Haiti earthquake shelter response and housing recovery experience. This report is the outcome of that process.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes
This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.
The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):
The 2015 International Annual Report describes how SOS Children’s Villages around the world supported children and strengthened families and communities in 2015 through community-integrated responses in care, education, health and emergency services.
The 573 SOS Children’s Villages around the world in 2015 are described as ‘care and protection hubs’ for their local communities, as they provided a range of locally-tailored services to support vulnerable children.
The Director’s Letter
Col. Joseph Martin, USAF
Just over a year ago a devastating earthquake struck the country of Nepal, with major aftershocks in the ensuing weeks. The international community responded across a wide range of capabilities and in many cases remains engaged today in recovery and reconstruction. This edition of the Liaison Journal is specifically set aside to capture a range of lessons learned, with each providing the unique perspective of the supporting organization and author.
Port-au-Prince, jeudi le 07 avril 2016. Le Gouvernement d’Haïti et l´Equipe Humanitaire Pays lancent aujourd’hui un appel de fonds de 193.8 millions de dollars en vue de répondre aux besoins humanitaires critiques de 1,3 million de personnes. Ce document de planification stratégique de la réponse humanitaire en 2016 vise non seulement à assurer la protection et l’accès aux services de base aux personnes les plus vulnérables, mais également à renforcer la résilience de la population et des institutions haïtiennes.
Port-au-Prince, April 7, 2016. The Government of Haiti and the Humanitarian Country Team launch today a call for funds of $ 193.8 million people to meet the critical humanitarian needs of 1.3 million people. This humanitarian planning document aims at ensuring protection and access to basic services to the most vulnerable people, and also strengthening the resilience of the population and the Haitian institutions.
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
After the heavy rains of October and November, a resurgence of the epidemic was noted particularly in the departments of Artibonite, North, Northwest, the metropolitan area of Port-auPrince and South-East;
Some people returned from the Dominican Republic are affected by a wave of acute diarrhea and cases of cholera;
Almost 61,000 displaced from the earthquake still live in extremely difficult conditions.
Access to drinking water infrastructure, sanitation and hygiene are their main concern;
Après les fortes pluies d’octobre et novembre, une recrudescence de l’épidémie a été constatée particulièrement dans les départements de l’Artibonite, du Nord, du Nord-ouest, de la région métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince et du Sud-est ;
Les personnes retournées de la République Dominicaine sont affectées par une vague de diarrhée aiguë incluant des cas de choléra ;
Programme summary: Since the January 2010 earthquake, when 1.5 million Haitians were displaced from their homes, there has been a 94 percent decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and a 93 per cent reduction in the number of sites or camps still housing displaced populations.
Comme pour donner un signal clair de leur engagement pour la mise en œuvre des Objectifs de développement durable, le Programme des Nations pour le développement (PNUD), des organisations partenaires et les autorités locales ont inauguré dans la section communale de Monchil, trois nouvelles écoles. Il s’agit des écoles de Christ-Roi à Jacmel, de Deslandes et Sainte Marie de Latournelle à Léogâne, toutes trois rasées par le séisme de 2010.