Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The present report is submitted pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2016/28 and highlights the main findings of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti following its visits to Washington, D.C., in March 2017, during which members met with the international financial institutions and regional actors, and to Haiti, in May 2017, during which members interacted with a number of senior government and legislative officials, representatives of the United Nations system and private sector and civil society actors.
Tilory, 18 July 2017 - Many Haitians have been forced to migrate both internally and to neighboring Dominican Republic due to natural disasters such as the 2010 earthquake or severe poverty. This migration often has lead to serious human rights violations, such as the abuse of laborers, sexual and gender-based violence, the abuse of children, and human trafficking. Haitian children are particularly vulnerable, often being trafficked and forced to serve as domestic servants, agricultural workers, or street vendors.
-Le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017-2018 vise à sauver des vies tout en renforçant la résilience de la population et des institutions nationales face aux crises et aux catastrophes naturelles, et en ouvrant la voie vers le développement durable
The Humanitarian Response Plan 2017-2018 aims to save lives while strengthening the resilience of the population and national institutions in the face of crises and natural disasters, and by paving the way towards sustainable development
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
1-. RÉSUMÉ ANALYTIQUE
1.1-. Aperçu de l’intervention
Food and nutritional insecurity due to recurrent drought episodes exacerbated by El Niño phenomena are the focus of current European Commission assistance. Interventions are closely articulated with initiatives aiming at enhancing the resilience of the most vulnerable populations to face and recover from recurrent shocks.
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
Six years after a devastating earthquake left Haiti in ruins, Medair has concluded its work in the country.
The earthquake that struck in January 2010 killed or injured more than 500,000 people in a matter of minutes. So many homes and buildings were damaged or destroyed that more than one million people were left homeless. Within days, Medair sent an emergency response team to assess how we could help.
Roughly 2.5 million Haitians live in extreme poverty (below $1.25 per day), predominantly in rural areas. The economy is largely informal and heavily dependent on subsistence agriculture, which has languished in the face of growing rural population pressures, recurrent natural calamities, adverse climate change, and a lack of access to modern technology in the absence of a functional agricultural extension service. Haiti can also be a difficult place for businesses to thrive, ranking 180 of 189 on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Index.
After the heavy rains of October and November, a resurgence of the epidemic was noted particularly in the departments of Artibonite, North, Northwest, the metropolitan area of Port-auPrince and South-East;
Some people returned from the Dominican Republic are affected by a wave of acute diarrhea and cases of cholera;
Almost 61,000 displaced from the earthquake still live in extremely difficult conditions.
Access to drinking water infrastructure, sanitation and hygiene are their main concern;
Après les fortes pluies d’octobre et novembre, une recrudescence de l’épidémie a été constatée particulièrement dans les départements de l’Artibonite, du Nord, du Nord-ouest, de la région métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince et du Sud-est ;
Les personnes retournées de la République Dominicaine sont affectées par une vague de diarrhée aiguë incluant des cas de choléra ;