Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Port-au-Prince, 13 January 2017 – Seven years after a devastating earthquake killed more than 200,000 people and displaced some 2 million others, the Haiti Red Cross Society is still hard at work supporting the survivors and building more resilient communities.
The 12 January 2010 earthquake was one of the biggest disasters in the country’s history. In the days following the tragedy, thousands of lives were saved by Haiti Red Cross volunteers and staff with the support of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement partners.
January 10, 2017
When a 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in 2010, much of the country’s healthcare capacity and infrastructure was destroyed. But over the course of the past seven years, Haiti has made significant strides in rebuilding and expanding its medical capacity, thanks in part to funding from the American Red Cross.
BRC generally accepts all the recommendations presented by the evaluators.
Regarding Recommendation 1, and the “establishment of international roster of livelihoods, infrastructure and governance experts to help identify an on-going source of appropriate human resources”, BRC notes that it did have existing registers, but its members were either unavailable or lacked the skillset that the urban context required.
The World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and their partners, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), UN-Habitat, and Habitat for Humanity International, joined forces in 2013 to analyze what was learned from the 2010 Haiti earthquake shelter response and housing recovery experience. This report is the outcome of that process.
1. The urban sphere is part of the fabric of humanitarian crises
With support from the American Red Cross, Global Communities with its partner Build Change are implementing the $18.8 million Lavi Miyo Nan Katye pa’m Nan (LAMIKA) program over 37 months. LAMIKA is an urban integrated neighborhood reconstruction and recovery program being implemented in Carrefour-Feuilles, a poor residential neighborhood in Port-au-Prince which sustained extensive damage from the 2010 earthquake.
La ville de Léogane est située a 29 KM de Port-au-Prince, elle a été l'épicentre du tremblement de terre catastrophique du12 Janvier 2010 qui a frappé Haiti et qui a endommagé 80-90% des bâtiments de la ville dont l’institution primaire Sainte Rose de Lima. Cette institution a été l’une des 17 écoles reconstruites et/ ou réhabilitées par la Croix-Rouge espagnole
Pendant les 6 ans qui ont suivi le séisme, le Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge a appuyé des centaines de milliers de familles à reconstruire leur vie au sein des communautés afin de les rendre plus résilientes.
In most parts of the world, entrepreneurs depend on access to capital for starting and growing their businesses. The same rings true in Haiti, where many families lost their businesses and way of earning income during the 2010 earthquake. In order to help people reestablish their livelihoods, the American Red Cross has invested in savings and loan associations across Carrefour-Feuilles—an area still rebuilding from the disaster.
During the six years that followed the earthquake, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement have supported hundreds of thousands of families to rebuild their lives in the communities to make them more resilient.
“I’m proud of my school.” – Kenia, 10 years old, 6th grade student of the primary school in Santa Rosa de Lima de Léogane
The town of Léogane is situated at 29 km of the capital of Port-au-Prince, it was at the epicenter of the 12 January 2010 earthquake, and was catastrophically affected, with 80-90% of buildings damaged, among them the Santa Rosa Lima school for girls. This school is one of the 17 schools reconstructed or rehabilitated by Spanish Red Cross in Leogane.
Programme summary: Since the January 2010 earthquake, when 1.5 million Haitians were displaced from their homes, there has been a 94 percent decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and a 93 per cent reduction in the number of sites or camps still housing displaced populations.
About this study
Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.
The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in an emergency situation.
By: Jenelle Eli
Look behind me. You'll see houses on top of houses. Keep looking and a pattern emerges. This is how a lot of people live in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
To learn the truth about American Red Cross work in Haiti, visit our Haiti Assistance Program page.
Our statement is also available: American Red Cross Responds to Latest ProPublica and NPR Coverage.
The American Red Cross never had a final plan for its work in Haiti.
This report examines the effectiveness of national legal and regulatory frameworks with regard to emergency and transitional shelter following natural disasters in Haiti. It provides an overview of the relevant laws, policies and procedures that have a bearing on different aspects of emergency and transitional shelter response. It identifies potential regulatory barriers to emergency and transitional response efforts, as well as a range of positive developments and initiatives that can enhance the effectiveness of shelter activities.
The IFRC and the Dominican Republic Red Cross Society have launched a new report on the laws, rules and procedures in the Dominican Republic for managing international assistance in the event of a future disaster.
By Luis Luna
Earlier this month, when Haiti’s automated blood testing equipment stopped working, the Haitian Red Cross called on its northern neighbors to fill the gap in its nation’s blood supply. Thanks to the generosity of blood donors in the United States, Haiti received four shipments of much-needed blood to address the shortage.