Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
It’s a weekday morning under a blazing sun and Jean Francklin Cadet is pacing up and down the corridors of his house waiting to give his feedback on the debris removal undertaken in his neighborhood. Before the earthquake, Cadet lived a four-bedroom house. After the disaster he tried to remove the debris himself, but soon ran out of money. He was only able to complete the work with the help of CHF.
ISSUE BRIEF: The 21st Century Urban Disaster: More disasters, more devastating, more expensive, more complex – how are aid agencies responding?
CHF International Releases Issue Brief on the Increasingly Complex Nature of Humanitarian Responses to Urban Disasters; Profiles innovative Katye Program
On the second anniversary of the devastating Haiti earthquake CHF International would like to take a moment to remember and commemorate the losses on that tragic day. Since the earthquake, substantial progress has been made, but significant challenges remain. CHF is committed to helping the Haitian people rebuild their country, not just to recover from the earthquake but to address the development challenges that the country faced before the earthquake struck.
By David Humphries, Director of Communications
August 17, 2011: CHF's KATA program, with funding from USAID and Caterpillar-Haytrac, has helped to remove rubble from Haiti's main Cathedral located in Port-au-Prince. Nearly 5,500 cubic meters of rubble have been removed by 50 employees trained and employed through CHF's Cash-for-Work program. The efforts include securing the site and removing the debris using heavy machinery. CHF is honored to take part in uncovering the Cathedral, an important symbol to Catholics in Haiti which make up 86% of the country's population.
Impasse 138, located in the Ravine Pintade’s community in Port-au-Prince, was a slope of crumpled houses, with iron bars sticking up from the ground and precarious gravel-sliding walkways going down towards the ravine. Through the KATYE program, funded by USAID/OFDA, CHF and Project Concern International have changed the whole landscape of this site by demolishing damaged houses, removing rubble, terracing the land, putting in retaining walls and building in a water point, drainage sys-tems, latrines and a septic system.
June 16, 2011—CHF is currently providing assistance to families who fled to Cap Haitien after their homes in Port-au-Prince were destroyed by the January 2010 earthquake. In the wake of the devastating earthquake, thousands of homeless survivors migrated to other parts of the country seeking refuge. A major fear of the Haitian government as well as the international community continues to be that these displaced residents will return to Port-au-Prince, which is already crowded with hundreds of thousands of jobless, landless people still living in tents.
(May 16, 2011)
CHF is currently providing assistance to families who fled to Cap Haitien after their homes in Port-au-Prince were destroyed by the January 2010 earthquake.
In the wake of that devastating earthquake, thousands of homeless survivors migrated to other parts of the country seeking refuge. A major fear of the Haitian government as well as the international community continues to be that these displaced residents will return to Port-au-Prince, which is already crowded with hundreds of thousands of jobless, landless people still living in tents.
By Joanna Stavropoulos, Communications Manager, Haiti
(April 20, 2011)-- “I spent 23 years building my house,” says Ceres Denis, 59, his weathered face looking around the empty lot where he stood. On that same spot his house used to stand before the earthquake. It was a two story house, four bedrooms. In less than a minute, it was all gone, everything vanished like smoke.”
April 11, 2011—After the January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti, many buildings were irrepara-bly damaged especially in and around the country’s capital Port-au-Prince. The pace of reconstruction has been severely delayed because people still cannot return to their neighborhoods or homes. Due to the presence of unsafe damaged buildings its difficult to find clear land to build transitional shelters.
March 9, 2011-In response to the cholera outbreak that hit Haiti in late October 2010, CHF International has been training and mobilizing volunteers to deliver cholera prevention messages and directly reach out to people in affected communities. Funds from USAID/OFDA helped to pay for mobilization in five areas: Gonaives, Port-au-Prince, Leogane, Cap Haitien and Carrefour. All of the neighborhoods and communities that were visited by the mobilizers were selected based on the needs expressed by city and municipality officials and in coordination with other agencies working in the areas.
January 7, 2010- Wednesday marks the one year commemoration of the devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake that hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti, killing over 230,000 people. One year later, CHF has completed 4,500 transitional shelters in Port-au-Prince, Leogane and Cabaret, delivering housing to more than 22,500 Haitians. Most shelters are designed for the average Haitian family size of five.
November 16, 2010- As cholera sweeps through the country, CHF International is deploying its community mobilizers to distribute relief supplies, disseminate prevention techniques, and raise awareness of this devastating sickness. We are working in Port-au-Prince, Gonaives, Leogane and Cap Haitien to target over 37,000 families with cholera prevention techniques. In Gonaives alone over 1,000 households were reached through cholera prevention meetings and 12,000 posters with prevention messages have been distributed.
October 28, 2010-CHF has launched an innovative new program in Haiti that is turning buildings destroyed by the January 12 earthquake into valuable sand and gravel that is being used in the recovery effort.
CHF's program, called CRUSH (Creating Rubble Recycling Solutions for Haiti), was launched in Petit-Goave on October 18 and is intended to eventually expand to several sections of the earthquake-affected area.
The CRUSH program is currently using 10 portable rock crushers supported by a total of 284 workers to process rubble at 9 sites in Petit-Goave.
October 16, 2010-CHF is completing the third week of a three-month soil conservation and reforestation project in Marre Danjour, a rural mountain community high above downtown Petit-Goave.
Only 5 kilometers south of downtown Petit-Goave, the farming community of 5,000 is also the site of a crucial watershed - it hangs directly over the Riviere La Digue, the largest river in the area, and one that constantly threatens the city center during the rainy season.
On October 2, United States Deputy Ambassador David Lindwall visited Petit-Goave to see how CHF's projects have progressed since the catastrophic January 12 earthquake leveled much of its urban center.
Ambassador Lindwall last visited CHF in Petit-Goave during February, a few weeks after CHF had begun cash-for-work activity to remove rubble.
At the time, dead bodies were still being pulled out of ruined buildings, key roads were still blocked by debris and spontaneous camps, and only a few recovery activities had started in the entire region.
On Wednesday, September 29, CHF began installing its first steel shelters in Petit-Goave.
September 28, 2010-A sudden and powerful swept through Port-au-Prince last week bringing strong rains and torrential downpours. The storm left five dead and destroyed countless tents leaving residents exposed to the elements. In the aftermath of the January earthquake, more than 1 million of the city's residents are displaced, many still living in tents and ad-hoc shelters made with salvaged materials.
With funding from USAID, CHF has been building storm-resistant transitional shelters for displaced residents in Port-au-Prince and other earthquake affected cities.
September 24, 2010-CHF has opened a shelter assembly facility in Petit-Goave to support its USAID-funded transitional housing program.
Steel shelter productionCurrently, 42 workers are busy assembling the wall and roof units for the steel-framed shelters. The team will grow in the next week as CHF increases its production capacity. The assembled pieces will then be taken to and installed at residential plots cleared by CHF during its February-July cash-for-work rubble removal program.
Since March, CHF has been constructing identical shelters in Leogane, where it has another workshop.
The new Haiti Apparel Center will provide training to thousands of Haitians in the garment industry. Funded by USAID and built and operated by CHF International, the new facility will help Haiti grow its private sector workforce by training more than 2,000 professionals per year to help meet the need for skilled workers in Haiti's garment industry. Watch this short video to learn more.