Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The 7.0 magnitude earthquake that devastated the greater Port-au-Prince urban area in Haiti on 12 January 2010 was the biggest urban disaster in recent history. The event killed an estimated 230,000 people, injured a further 300,000, and left more than 1.3 million homeless.
Newsflash | 27 January 2011
The Netherlands supports the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), and has pledged to donate €5 million a year to the Office in 2011 and 2012. This undertaking was given to OCHA's head, Valerie Amos, by the Minister for European Affairs and International Cooperation, Ben Knapen. This commitment makes the Netherlands one of OCHA's largest donors.
The reports in the media that countries are not honouring their pledges for assistance to Haiti are based on a misunderstanding. These reports are about support to a reconstruction fund for Haiti. The government of Haiti is still working on a plan for the reconstruction of Port au Prince and surroundings.
It is six months since the earthquake, but the emergency aid operation is still under way. Aid organisations are now making preparations to cope with any damage that might occur during the hurricane season, which is imminent.
Newsflash | 20 January 2010
Development minister Bert Koenders has decided that the €1 million pledged to the United Nations will be used to enhance that organisation's logistical capacity.
The logistical side of the UN operation, which comprises transport (trucks, helicopters and fuel deliveries), storage facilities and personnel, falls under the authority of the World Food Programme (WFP). The UN has requested a total of €33 million for these purposes, though thus far, few contributions have been received.
On Monday 18 January at 12:00, a chartered flight departed Schiphol airport for Haiti, carrying around 30 aid workers and emergency relief goods.
The passengers include staff from Wereldkinderen, the Nederlandse Adoptie Stichting (the Dutch adoption foundation), Dutch Interchurch Aid, the Immigration and Naturalisation Service and the Rapid Deployment Consular Support Team (SCOT) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The flight is expected to arrive in Port-au-Prince at 13:00 local time and fly back to the Netherlands later that same day. The aid workers will attempt to evacuate the …
Newsflash | 14 January 2010
Development minister Bert Koenders has decided to send an Urban Search and Rescue Team to Haiti.
The team comprises 60 members, with specially trained sniffer dogs to help search for the thousands of people still buried under the rubble. It is part of the international relief effort which is being led by the UN.
The team departed for Haiti in a transport aircraft provided by the Ministry of Defence.
Yesterday, Mr Koenders released €2 million for emergency aid for Haiti.
The Dutch government is donating an initial amount of two million euros in emergency aid for the victims of the Haiti earthquake.
Development minister Bert Koenders decided to make the money available after learning of the situation in Haiti. 'This earthquake is a disaster of unprecedented proportions for Haiti, one of the poorest countries in the world. We must help the victims as soon as possible.