Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Five years ago, Haiti was hit by a violent earthquake. The relief and reconstructions work that followed showed clearly that the weaker a society is, and the worse the authorities performance, the greater the disaster becomes.
By Malene Haakansson, DanChurchAid
In the rural Haiti, poverty is high and the rate of development too low.
Outspoken Haitian senator Jean Maxime Roumer knows how to get Haiti out of the chaos it's in. The experienced politician - once a member of President René Préval's party, Lespwa (Hope), but now an independent politician in opposition to the government, says the focus of the many NGOs that have come to Haiti need to turn to the countryside.
"We need to focus on decentralisation but it is challenging when people live where they work.
A year with many crises and disasters challenges the relief work in Haiti.
It should have been a day of celebration. The health clinic in the outskirts of the Port-au-Prince slum Cité de Solei should re-open in new buildings after the earthquake.
But the celebration ended before it began. Six bodies were found outside the fence.
25.06.2010: Real reconstruction has yet to begin, while the people suffer in ramshackle housing in overcrowded camps. Instead of facilitating imports of equipment, leaders have lapsed into a pattern of corruption and delay.
Five months after Haiti's devastating earthquake, the emergency response has finally secured a toehold: No one is lacking essential life-preserving services.
14.01.2010: DanChurchAid is Raising Funds for the Victims of the Earthquake
DanChurchAid and its local partners in ACT international (ACT) have already begun the relief work in Haiti.
So far we have granted one million crowns and have initiated fund raising activity
The earthquake in Haiti, which measured 7.0 on the Richter scale, has caused massive damages everywhere on the island.
The building that houses DanChurchAid's local partners has collapsed, but three employees have been rescued from the building and the relief work has begun immediately.
"The catastrophe …