Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Paavo Väyrynen has granted 2.5 million euros to three projects supporting the rehabilitation of the education sector in Haiti.
Finland will finance a school building project by UNDP through which ten new schools will be erected in place of those destroyed in the earthquake. Five large school centres will be built in Léogâne in south-western Haiti and five smaller ones in the adjacent mountain area.
Finland will provide a total of 12.7 million euros for Haitian reconstruction in the next few years. Under-Secretary of State Ritva Koukku-Ronde of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs announced Finland's support at the conference on reconstruction of Haiti held in New York on 31 March.
The aid coming from Finland includes 2.5 million euros in support each year for Haitian reconstruction during the years 2010-2013. In addition, Finland will participate in cancellation of 2.7 million euros worth of Haiti's debts.
By decision of Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Paavo Väyrynen, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs has granted 47.3 million Euros from the early 2010 humanitarian aid appropriations to the victims of crises and natural disasters in the world. The current sum is in addition to the 5.4 million Euros allocated in January for the victims of the Haiti earthquake.
In the coming years, Finland will provide at least 10 million euros for reconstruction in Haiti, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Paavo Väyrynen revealed following the meeting of the Cabinet Committee on European Union Affairs on Friday, 19 March.
Finland will pledge its assistance at the Haitian reconstruction conference organised by the UN in New York on 31 March.
Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Paavo Väyrynen has decided today, 21 January, to grant additional funds for humanitarian assistance to the earthquake victims in Haiti. The grant of 3.75 million euros is based on the UN aid system's joint appeal for emergency assistance on 15 January and the additional needs reported by the Finnish Red Cross and Finn Church Aid.
The UN's joint appeal for emergency assistance estimates that there is the greatest need for food aid, clean water supply, shelter and logistics.
Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Paavo Väyrynen has decided to grant 1,250,000 euros in humanitarian assistance to the earthquake victims in Haiti. Of this sum, 750,000 euros will be channelled through the Finnish Red Cross, for use to finance a field hospital that will be sent to Haiti. The sum of 500,000 euros is granted to support the rescue operations of Finn Church Aid. Both assistance grants correspond to the organisations' own proposals.
Finn Church Aid is sending Finnish aid workers to Haiti and is supplying water and food aid.