Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Norway gives NOK 1 billion to UNICEF's work on education and girls' rights.
Today, Norway signs a new two-year agreement with UNICEF. The Norwegian funding will be used to ensure that children are able to go to school in crisis and conflict situations and to improve the quality of education in several countries. In addition, this money will used with particular focus on girls' access to education.
Norwegian Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim commented: "More children than ever before now have the opportunity to go to school.
Norway will be an important partner for Haiti in the country's reconstruction efforts following the disastrous earthquake in January.
Together with UN Special Envoy Bill Clinton and the Prime Minister of Haiti, Jean-Max Bellerive, Norway is to help to implement the Action Plan for Recovery and Development of Haiti. The Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC), of which Norway is now a member, held its first meeting on 17 June in the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince.
Norway is also a member of the board of the new Haiti Reconstruction Fund.
The Government has proposed increased funding to Haiti in its revised budget for 2010.
The earthquake in Haiti on 12 January 2010 hit the country hard, in both human and economic terms. Norway wishes to support the reconstruction process in Haiti, with a view to helping the country become more robust and stable. In its revised budget, the Government has proposed additional funding for these efforts.
"We are increasing our support for reconstruction after natural disasters by NOK 50 million.
Norway will provide assistance totalling NOK 800 million (USD 135 million) to Haiti over the next four years. The announcement was made by State Secretary Ingrid Fiskaa in New York today.
Following the earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January, Norway has provided NOK 200 million (USD 35 million) in emergency relief. Norway will step up its long-term assistance to Haiti by providing an additional NOK 600 million (USD 100 million).
"The earthquake has caused great suffering among the Haitian population. More than a million people have been left homeless.
The catastrophe in Haiti has by many experienced emergency workers been described as the worst for decades in terms of magnitude, complexity and impact on people in all sectors of society. It is the largest operation ever launched by UN OCHA, and it is also the worst disaster ever to affect the UN directly.
Norway has previously contributed to political dialogue, humanitarian assistance and civil society as part of an initiative to support peace building in Haiti and between Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Norwegian aid to the earthquake victims in Haiti is to be increased to NOK 100 million (USD 17.5 millon).
"I am deeply saddened by the extremely difficult situation in Haiti. Although aid is flowing into the country, the needs will continue to be great in the weeks and months ahead," said Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim.
The UN has assessed the immediate requirements, and is asking the international community to provide USD 560 million.
"The earth quake in Haiti is a humanitarian disaster striking a people living in poverty. Locals have made major life-saving efforts, but it is now decisive that we see a broad and coordinated international relief operation. Norway will contribute NOK 40 million to imminent relief efforts", says Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg.
Experience from Pakistan demonstrates the importance of the UN having a central role in relief work. In light of this the Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning will establish a UN support camp in Haiti.