Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
12.01.2015 - GIZ expert Berthold Bös reports
From 22 to 25 May 2010 German Development Minister Dirk Niebel visited Haiti and the Dominican Republic in order to see for himself how German and international aid is being implemented there.
In the light of the dramatic situation on the ground, the German Government has increased its aid for the Haiti earthquake victims to 7.5 million euro. This was announced by Federal Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle at the end of a crisis unit meeting at the Federal Foreign Office. The first aid consignments are already on the way.
Foreign Minister Westerwelle and Development Minister Niebel have decided to increase Germany's aid following a joint meeting with the Haiti earthquake crisis unit.
Federal Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle reported to the Federal Cabinet on the situation in Haiti. He informed his colleagues of the first concrete assistance provided following the devastating earthquake.
The Federal Foreign Office has reacted immediately by making available one million euro for emergency humanitarian aid to ease the plight of the victims.
The crisis task force set up by the Minister is closely observing the situation in Haiti and will decide on further measures in collaboration with other federal ministries.