Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has announced that it will be sending emergency supplies to Benin to help victims of unusually heavy rains and floods in the West African state.
Blankets, tents, plastic sheeting and sleeping pads were being airlifted from Johannesburg to the Benin capital of Cotonou as soon as possible.
Benin is hit annually by heavy rains and floods, but this year the rainfall was 2 =BD times heavier than during the same period last year.
At least 46 persons were reported dead, 680,000 others were affected, 55,000 homes were damaged along with …
Aid for Emergency
1.Medical service and Sanitation
(1)Medicalservices by Japan Disaster Relief Team in the city of Leogane
(a)MedicalTeam (1/18-1/25:a total of 534 examined)
(b)JapaneseSelf-Defense Forces Unit(1/23-2/13:a total of 2,954 examined) - Thereafter the medical team of the Japanese Red Cross Society
(2)Aid through international organizations (WHO, UNFPA*)
3. At the Ministerial Conference, Japan announced that it is prepared to dispatch a Japan Self-Defense force unit to the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and to provide aid totaling approximately 70 million USD.
4. Japan, an earthquake-prone country, will make proactive efforts towards Haiti's rehabilitation and reconstruction making use of its experience and knowledge while cooperating with the international community.
(Reference) Breakdown of the total amount of approximately 70 million USD
1. Emergency aid: Over 25 million USD
Extract from the Press Conference by the Deputy Press Secretary, 21 January 2010
Mr. Sobashima: Second, is the current situation of the cooperation from Japan to Haiti. I think you are already aware that Japan offered emergency assistance, including assistance of US$5 million, going to the recipients through three channels.
January 20, 2010
Ministry of Defense
In regard to the large-scale earthquake in the Republic of Haiti, the necessary investigations have been carried out based on the Instruction and the General Order for Preparation issued by the Minister of Defense on January 18, 2010.
As a result, it has been decided that medical activities will be implemented starting today, and the Minister of Defense has issued an order for the implementation of the activities.
The outline of the order is as follows.
January 14, 2010
1. The Government of Japan has decided to extend aid to the Republic of Haiti, which suffered damages from a large-scale earthquake that occurred on the morning of January 13 (JST) based on a request from the Government of Haiti. The Government of Japan has decided to extend this aid to victims of the disaster from a humanitarian viewpoint as well as in light of the friendly relationship between Japan and Haiti.
2.The aid will consist of emergency grant aid totaling a maximum of 5 million USD.