Haiti: Earthquakes - Jan 2010
The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Jacques-Philippe Piverger, Director, Pine Ridge Investments
Toni Johnson, Senior Staff Writer, CFR.org
February 2, 2011
One year after an earthquake devastated Haiti, the country faces enormous political and development challenges. Jacques-Philippe Piverger, a philanthropist and a board member of the Haitian Diaspora Federation, says it is likely Haiti's President Rene Preval will remain in power until the second presidential candidate for the runoff--set for March20--can be sorted out.
Authors: Paul Farmer, Kolokotrones University Professor and Chair, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, UN Deputy Special Envoy for Haiti
Brian Concannon, Jr., Director, Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti
Beat Rohr, Haiti Country Director, CARE International
Robert Maguire, Associate Professor of International Affairs, Trinity Washington University, Chair, Haiti Working Group, U.S.
Author: Laurie A. Garrett, Senior Fellow for Global Health
January 12, 2011
At the one-year anniversary of Haiti's tragic earthquake, media scrutiny will focus on the sorry lack of achievement in reconstructing Haiti's public buildings, private residences, economy, and infrastructure. No doubt a fair amount of finger-pointing will be directed at all players, including NGOs, the U.S. and Haitian governments, the UN peacekeepers and agencies, and a long list of private actors. Most of the homeless remain homeless.
Interviewee: Laurie A. Garrett, Senior Fellow for Global Health
Interviewer: Deborah Jerome, Deputy Editor, CFR.org
November 2, 2010
Less than a year after its massive earthquake, Haiti has been hit with an outbreak of cholera that threatens to spread to some 1,300 displaced-persons camps in Port au Prince.
Author: Michael L. Baker, International Affairs Fellow in Residence
September 7, 2010
As Pakistan continues to struggle with flood devastation, U.S. national security experts are considering the long-term effects of the disaster. Among the concerns are the Pakistan government's stability, opportunism by extremist groups providing relief, and the impact on the U.S. war effort in neighboring Afghanistan, where U.S. forces depend on smooth supply lines through Pakistan.
The case of Pakistan reflects how natural disasters can weigh on U.S. national security considerations.
Author: Kara C. McDonald, International Affairs Fellow in Residence (on leave)
April 7, 2010
PORT-AU-PRINCE - The rainy season fast approaching will be the first test of the effectiveness of international assistance that has poured into Haiti since the January 12 earthquake that claimed a quarter of a million lives. Much has changed in the capital since the earthquake's early aftermath. Markets and street vendors line the streets, local transportation called Tap-Taps are crowded with Haitians on their daily errands, and businesses are reopening.